Packaging of Category A and Category B infectious substances (Class 6.2) and clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste

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Canada/Canadian General Standards Board-43.125-2016

Canadian General Standards Board
Committee on Packaging of Infectious Substances (Voting membership at date of approval)

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The Manager
Standards Division
Canadian General Standards Board
Gatineau, Canada
K1A 1G6

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Canadian General Standards Board

Cette Norme nationale du Canada est disponible en versions française et anglaise.

ICS 13.300—Published April 2016 by the Canadian General Standards Board
Gatineau, Canada K1A 1G6
©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Public Services and Procurement, the Minister responsible for the Canadian General Standards Board (2016).

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission of the publisher.

Chair

Heisz, M.
Public Health Agency of Canada (General interest)

Producer category

Bell, K.
Saf-T-Pak Inc.

Foster, B.
ICC The Compliance Centre

Pauw, J.
Mitchel-Lincoln Packaging Ltd.

User category

Tilak, S.K.
Hospitals In-Common Laboratory Inc.

Pépin, J-P.
Stericycle Inc.

Ash, J.
Ontario Association of Medical Laboratories (Vice-Chair)

Gill-Savoie, L.
Dynacare - A Health Solutions Company

Nagy, L.
LifeLabs Medical Laboratory Services

General interest category

Langan, P.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Kendall, K.
Kendall & Associates

Rousseau, D.
Micom Laboratories Inc.

Boisvert, S.
CFT Canada

Regulatory category

Bernier, F.
Transport Canada

Secretary (Non-voting)

Long, R.
Canadian General Standards Board

Acknowledgment is made for the translation of this National Standard of Canada by the Translation Bureau of Public Services and Procurement Canada.

Table of contents

Introduction

This is the fourth edition of CAN/CGSB-43.125, Packaging of Category A and Category B infectious substances (Class 6.2) and clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste. It supersedes the previous edition published in 2003 Design and Manufacture of Packaging for the Transportation of Infectious Substances, Diagnostic Specimens, Biological Products or (Bio) Medical Waste that has never been adopted in the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations.

This standard is intended for incorporation by reference into the TDG Regulations. Where there are differences between the requirements of the TDG Regulations and this standard, the TDG Regulations prevail, unless specified otherwise, to the extent of the difference. Until the Regulations are amended to adopt this edition of the standard, an earlier edition may be the one legally in effect in Canada. To determine which edition is legally in effect, please refer to Table of Safety Standards and Safety Requirement Documents in Part 1, paragraph 1.3.1, of the TDG Regulations.

This standard sets out requirements for designing, manufacturing, marking, testing, selecting and using means of containment for the transportation of Category A and Category B infectious substances in Class 6.2 and clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste. It is based on the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, 19th edition, published by the United Nations (UN).

This standard also provides requirements for a quality management system and Transport Canada registration.

1 Scope

1.1 Organization and content

This standard sets out requirements for designing, manufacturing, marking, testing, selecting and using means of containment for the transportation of Category A and Category B infectious substances in Class 6.2 and clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste.

This standard consists of three parts and one annex.

1.2 Application

This standard applies to both standardized and non-standardized means of containment as defined in the TDG Regulations.

1.3 Minimum requirements

This standard sets out certain minimum requirements for designing, manufacturing, selecting, using, and testing of means of containment. It is essential to exercise competent technical and engineering judgment in conjunction with this standard.

It is the responsibility of the packaging manufacturer to ensure that the packaging will safely carry out its intended function within these constraints.

1.4 Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations prevalence

The TDG i, 1992, and the TDG Regulations may call for additional requirements regarding the design, manufacture, selection, use, and test of means of containment. Where there is an inconsistency between the requirements of this standard and those of the TDG Act or TDG Regulations, the Act or Regulations prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

It should be noted that this standard, by itself, does not have the force of law unless it is officially adopted by a regulatory authority. It is recommended to read the standard in conjunction with the TDG regulations.

1.5 Safety

The testing and evaluation of a product against this standard may require the use of materials and/or equipment that could be hazardous. This document does not purport to address all the safety aspects associated with its use. Anyone using this standard has the responsibility to consult the appropriate authorities and to establish appropriate health and safety practices in conjunction with any requirements prior to its use.

1.6 Units

Quantities and dimensions used in this standard are given in metric units.

1.7 Classification

Dangerous goods are classified in accordance with Part 2 of the TDG Regulations and the appropriate shipping names and corresponding particulars (United Nations (UN) number, classification and packing group, as applicable) selected from Schedule 1 of the TDG Regulations.

2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this National Standard of Canada. The referenced documents may be obtained from the sources noted below.

Note: The addresses provided below were valid at the date of publication of this standard.

An undated reference is to the latest edition or revision of the reference or document in question, unless otherwise specified by the authority applying this method. A dated reference is to the specified revision or edition of the reference or document in question.

2.1 Canadian General Standards Board

CAN/CGSB-43.146-2016—Design, manufacture and use of intermediate bulk containers for the transportation of dangerous goods, classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9.

2.1.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Canadian General Standards Board

Sales Centre
Gatineau, Canada K1A 1G6

Telephone:
819-956-0425 or 1-800-665-2472
Fax:
819-956-5740
E-mail:
ncr.cgsb-ongc@tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca

2.2 Canadian Standards Association

CSA Z316.6-95—Evaluation of single use medical sharps containers for biohazardous and cytotoxic waste.

2.2.1 Source

The above may be obtained from Canadian Standards Association Group

Standards Sales
178 Rexdale Blvd.
Toronto, Ontario M9W 1R3 Canada

Telephone:
416-747-4044 or 1-800-463-6727
Fax:
416-747-2510
E-mail:
sales@csagroup.org

2.3 Transport Canada

2.3.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Publications page of the Transport Canada web site. The Transport Canada publication TP 14850 may be ordered from the Transport Canada Publications Order Desk.

2.4 American Society for Testing and Materials International

2.4.1 Source

The above may be obtained from American Society for Testing and Materials International

100 Barr Harbor Drive
West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A.

Telephone:
610-832-9585
Fax:
610-832-9555

or from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta T2G 0K3

Telephone:
613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax:
613-237-4251

2.5 Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry

2.5.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry

TAPPI Inc.
P.O. Box 933644
Atlanta, GA 31193-3644, U.S.A.

Telephone:
1-800-446-9431 (Canada), 1-800-332-8686 (U.S.A.), 770-446-1400 (Worldwide)
Fax:
770-209-7206
E-mail:
memberconnection@tappi.org

or from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta T2G 0K3

Telephone:
613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax:
613-237-4251

2.6 United Nations

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations (19th revised edition).

2.6.1 Source

The above may be obtained from Distributors of United Nations Publications or from the United Nations Publications Customer Service

PO Box 960
Herndon, VA 20172, U.S.A.

Telephone:
1-703-661-1571
Fax:
1-703-996-1010
E-mail:
order@un.org

The United Nations publications, Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations (19th revised edition), can also be viewed and downloaded.

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this National Standard of Canada, the following terms and definitions apply. Where there is a conflict between a term or definition in this standard and that of the TDG Regulations, the term or definition in the TDG Regulations shall prevail.

3.1 Category A
Infectious substance that is transported in a form such that, when it is released outside of its means of containment and there is physical contact with humans or animals, it is capable of causing permanent disability or life-threatening or fatal disease to humans or animals.
3.2 Category B
Infectious substance that does not meet the criteria for inclusion in Category A.
3.3 Clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste
Waste that is derived from animals or humans or from bio-research.
3.4 Combination packaging
Packaging consisting of one or more inner packagings contained in an outer packaging for transport.
3.5 Culture
Result of a process by which pathogens in a specimen are intentionally propagated. This definition does not include specimens taken from a human or animal patient and that are intended to be processed in a laboratory.
3.6 Director
Director, Regulatory Affairs Branch, Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate, Transport Canada.
3.7 Infectious substances
Substance known or reasonably believed to contain viable micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites, fungi and other agents such as prions that are known or reasonably believed to cause disease in humans or animals.
3.8 Inner packaging
Packaging for which an outer packaging is required for transport.
3.9 Large packaging
Packaging consisting of an outer packaging which contains articles or inner packagings and which:
  1. a) is designed for mechanical handling; and
  2. b) exceeds 400 kg net mass or 450 litres capacity but has a volume of not more than 3 .
3.10 Leakproof
Impermeable to liquid contents or to solid contents that may become liquids under normal condition of transport.
3.11 Outer packaging
Outer protection of a combination packaging (excluding an overpack) together with any absorbent materials, cushioning and any other components necessary to contain and protect primary receptacles or secondary inner packagings.
3.12 Packaging
Receptacle and any other components or materials necessary for the receptacle to perform its containment function.
3.13 Package design type
Design specification for the prototype packaging successfully tested in accordance with this standard and as described in Annex A − Design report for type P620 packagings.
3.14 Primary receptacle
Receptacle in direct contact with the regulated good.
3.15 Secondary inner packaging
Inner packaging, including absorbent material as required, that provides additional protection for the primary receptacle(s).
3.16 Sift-proof
Impermeable to dry contents, including any fine solid material produced during transport.
3.17 Type P620 packaging
Packaging intended to transport an infectious substance of Category A in a form of culture or infectious substance of Category A meeting the requirements of 2.36 (3) in the TDG Regulations.
3.18 Type P650 packaging
Packaging intended to transport an infectious substance of Category B or an infectious substance of Category A that does not meet 11.1.1 of the standard.
3.19 UN packaging symbol
UN packaging symbol

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

Image description

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

Part I—Design and manufacture of packagings for infectious substances of Category A and Category B

4 General requirements

4.1 Design, test and manufacture

A packaging intended for the transportation of infectious substances of Category A or Category B shall be designed, tested and manufactured in accordance with Part I of this standard.

4.2 Standardized packaging

4.2.1 To be considered as a type P620 packaging, the following requirements shall be met:

  1. a) the compliance marks conform to the requirements of 5.1;
  2. b) the packaging was designed in accordance with 4.3.1.1 and 6.1;
  3. c) a representative prototype of the packaging has been successfully tested in accordance with the requirements of section 7 and Table 2A;
  4. d) the packaging was manufactured under a quality management system in accordance with 9.1.1; and
  5. e) the packaging design is registered with the Director in accordance with the requirements of section 10.

4.2.2 To be considered as a type P650 packaging, the following requirements shall be met:

  1. a) the compliance marks conform to the requirements of 5.2;
  2. b) the packaging was designed in accordance with 4.3.1.2 and 6.2;
  3. c) a representative prototype of the packaging has been successfully tested in accordance with the requirements of section 7 and Table 2B;
  4. d) the packaging was manufactured under a quality management system in accordance with 9.2.

4.3 Packaging design

4.3.1 Performance

4.3.1.1 Type P620 packaging

The packaging shall conform to a registered design for which a representative prototype has been tested and found to meet the applicable performance requirements set out in section 7 and Table 2A of this standard, except for design variations permitted in section 8 or Part II of this standard.

4.3.1.2 Type P650 packaging

The packaging shall conform to a representative prototype that has been tested and found to meet the applicable performance requirements set out in section 7 and Table 2B of this standard, except for design variations permitted in section 8 or Part II of this standard.

4.3.2 Internal pressure

4.3.2.1 Type P620 packaging

The primary receptacle or the secondary inner packaging shall be capable of withstanding without leakage a pressure differential of not less than 95 kPa in accordance with 7.5.

4.3.2.2 Type P650 packaging

For shipment by aircraft, the primary receptacle or the secondary inner packaging for liquid substances shall be capable of withstanding without leakage a pressure differential of not less than 95 kPa in accordance with 7.5.

4.3.3 Temperature resistance

Whatever the intended temperature of the consignment, the primary receptacle or the secondary inner packaging of a type P620 packaging shall be capable of withstanding temperatures in the range of -40 to +55 °C.

4.3.4 Refrigerants

The primary receptacle and the secondary inner packaging of packagings intended to contain a refrigerant shall maintain their integrity at the temperature of the refrigerant used as well as at the temperatures and the pressures which could result if refrigeration were lost.

4.4 Packaging information

4.4.1 When made available as a kit, the packaging manufacturer and subsequent distributor shall provide the following information to the customer in relation to each packaging design:

  1. a) a procedure and a list of components with sufficient information to allow the user to assemble, fill and close the packaging in the same fashion as it was tested;
  2. b) the maximum capacity of the tested primary receptacles; and
  3. c) the tare weight, maximum gross mass and maximum capacity based on the packaging and capacities used for the drop test.

4.4.2 The packaging manufacturer and distributor shall provide the packaging information to a packaging purchaser at each initial purchase of the corresponding packaging.

4.4.3 The packaging manufacturer and distributor shall provide the packaging information to a packaging user upon request.

5 Compliance mark

5.1 Marking on a type P620 packaging

5.1.1 General

5.1.1.1 Required marking

The marking shall be durable, legible, placed in a location and of such a size as to be readily visible.

5.1.1.2 Location of marking

5.1.1.2.1 For packagings with a gross mass of more than 30 kg, the marking (or a duplicate thereof) shall appear on the top or side of the packaging. For drums and jerricans with a removable head, the markings shall appear on the side.

5.1.1.2.2 For packagings with a gross mass of 30 kg or less, the marking (or a duplicate thereof) shall appear on the top, side or bottom. For drums and jerricans with a removable head, the markings shall appear on the side or bottom.

5.1.1.3 Size of marking

Letters, numerals and symbols comprising the markings shall be at least 12 mm high, except that:

  1. a) the markings on packagings of 30 L maximum capacity or 30 kg gross mass or less shall be at least 6 mm high; and
  2. b) the markings on packagings of 5 L maximum capacity or 5 kg gross mass or less shall be at least 3 mm high.

5.1.2 Content and sequence of marking

The following markings are required and shall be displayed in the following sequence with each of the elements clearly separated from one another:

  1. a) the UN packaging symbol;
  2. b) the packaging code listed in Table 1 and, when applicable, the letter “U” or “W” assigned to the packaging code in accordance with 5.1.4;
  3. c) the text: “CLASS 6.2”;
  4. d) the last two digits of the year of manufacture of the package;
  5. e) the three-letter country code “CAN”;
  6. f) the name or symbol of the manufacturer; and
  7. g) the Design Registration Number.

5.1.3 Examples of marking

5.1.3.1 Solid plastic box:

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

4H2/CLASS6.2/15
CAN/ABC 8-9999

as in 5.1.2 a), b), c), d) and e)
as in 5.1.2 f) and g)

For a packaging with solid plastic box outer packaging, for infectious substances of Category A and manufactured in 2015. The design was registered in Canada, by the manufacturer identified as ABC under the registration number 8-9999.

5.1.3.2 Special packaging (“U” marking):

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

4GU/CLASS6.2/15
CAN/ABC 8-9999

as in 5.1.2 a), b), c), d) and e)
as in 5.1.2 f) and g)

For a special packaging with a fibreboard box outer packaging, for infectious substances of Category A and manufactured in 2015. The design was registered in Canada, by the manufacturer identified as ABC under the registration number 8-9999.

5.1.4 Letter assigned to the packaging code (“U” or “W” marking)

5.1.4.1 Special packaging

The letter “U” shall not be assigned to the packaging code unless:

  1. a) The rigid outer packaging has been successfully drop tested in accordance with 7.3 with fragile (e.g. glass) primary receptacles;
  2. b) The total combined gross mass of primary receptacles shall not exceed one half the gross mass of primary receptacles used for the drop test in 7.3; and
  3. c) The rigid outer packaging has successfully passed the stacking test in accordance with par. 7.5 of TP 14850 while empty. The stacking test load shall be based on the combined mass of the filled inner packaging(s) used for the drop test.

5.1.4.2 Packaging of an equivalent specification

The letter “W” shall not be assigned to the packaging code unless it was assigned in accordance with 10.10.

5.2 Marking on a type P650 packaging

5.2.1 General

5.2.1.1 Required marking

The marking shall be durable, legible, placed in a location and of such a size as to be readily visible.

5.2.1.2 Location of marking

The marking shall be displayed on the external surface of the outer packaging on a background of a contrasting colour.

5.2.1.3 Content and size of marking

The marking shall be in the form of a square set at an angle of 45° (diamond-shaped) with each side having a length of at least 50 mm; the width of the line shall be at least 2 mm and the letters and numbers shall be at least 6 mm high. The illustration below shows the diamond-shaped marking for type P650 packaging.

Diamond shaped marking for type P650 packaging—Image description below.

Image description

Marking for type P650 packaging is represented by a square set at an angle of 45° (diamond-shaped) which contains letters and numbers UN3373, with each side having a length of at least 50 mm.

6 Construction

6.1 Type P620 packaging

6.1.1 Components

The packaging shall consist of the following components:

  1. a) Inner packagings comprising:        
    1. 1) leakproof primary receptacle(s);
    2. 2) leakproof secondary packaging(s);
  2. b) a rigid outer packaging of adequate strength for its capacity, mass and intended use of which the smallest external dimension is at least 100 mm. The outer packaging shall be selected from Table 1.
Table summary

The following Table 1 describes the packaging codes for drums, jerricans and boxes types.

The packagings associated to the UN packaging code listed in Table 1 shall be UN standardized containers that meet the requirements applicable to this type of packagings as set out in TP 14850 or the UN Recommendations and the Regulations of the country of origin, as the case may be, and are marked accordingly.

Table 1—Packaging codes
Type Material Category Code
1. Drums A. Steel non-removable head 1A1
removable head 1A2
B. Aluminum non-removable head 1B1
removable head 1B2
D. Plywood N/A 1D
G. Fibre N/A 1G
H. Plastic non-removable head 1H1
removable head 1H2
N. Metal, other than steel or aluminum non-removable head 1N1
removable head 1N2
3. Jerricans A. Steel non-removable head 3A1
removable head 3A2
B. Aluminum non-removable head 3B1
removable head 3B2
H. Plastic non-removable head 3H1
removable head 3H2
4. Boxes A. Steel N/A 4A
B. Aluminum N/A 4B
C. Natural wood ordinary 4C1
with sift-proof walls 4C2
D. Plywood N/A 4D
F. Reconstituted wood N/A 4F
G. Fibreboard N/A 4G
H. Plastic expanded 4H1
solid 4H2
N. Metal, other than steel or aluminum N/A 4N

6.1.2 Absorbent

For liquid infectious substances, an absorbent material shall be placed between the primary receptacle(s) and the secondary inner packaging and in sufficient quantity to absorb the entire content of the primary receptacle(s).

6.1.3 Primary receptacle

Primary receptacles intended for the transportation of:

  1. a) substances consigned at ambient temperature or at a higher temperature shall be made of glass, metal or plastic;
  2. b) substances consigned in liquid nitrogen shall be made of plastic and capable of withstanding very low temperature; or
  3. c) lyophilized substances may be consigned in flame-sealed glass ampoules or rubber-stoppered glass vials fitted with metal seals.

6.1.4 Closures

For substances consigned at ambient or higher temperatures,positive means of ensuring a leakproof seal shall be provided, e.g. heat seal, a skirted stopper or a metal crimp seal. If screw caps are used, they shall be secured by positive means, e.g, tape, paraffin sealing tape or manufactured locking closure.

6.1.5 Multiple primary receptacles

If multiple fragile primary receptacles are placed in a secondary inner packaging, the primary receptacles shall be individually wrapped or otherwise separated to prevent contact between them.

6.1.6 Refrigerants

Packaging intended to contain a refrigerant such as ice, dry ice or liquid nitrogen shall conform to the following requirements:

  1. a) In the case of ice or dry ice, the refrigerant shall be placed
    1. 1) around the secondary inner packaging(s) or
    2. 2) in an overpack
  2. b) Interior supports shall be provided to secure secondary inner packaging(s) or outer packagings packages in the original position after the refrigerant has dissipated.
  3. c) In the case of ice, the outer packaging or overpack shall be leakproof.
  4. d) In the case of dry ice or liquid nitrogen, the outer packaging or overpack shall permit the release of gas.

6.2 Type P650 packaging

6.2.1 Components

The packaging shall consist of the following components:

  1. a) Inner packagings comprising:
    1. 1) primary receptacle(s);
    2. 2) secondary packaging(s);
  2. b) An outer packaging with at least one surface of the outer packaging shall have a minimum dimension of 100 mm x 100 mm;

of which either the secondary packaging(s) or the outer packaging shall be rigid.

6.2.2 For liquid infectious substances

  1. a) The primary receptacle(s) shall be leakproof.
  2. b) The secondary inner packaging(s) shall be leakproof.

Absorbent material shall be placed between the primary receptacle(s) and the secondary packaging. The absorbent material shall be in sufficient quantity to absorb the entire contents of the primary receptacle(s) so that any release of the liquid substance will not compromise the integrity of the cushioning material or of the outer packaging.

6.2.3 For solid infectious substances

  1. a) The primary receptacle(s) shall be siftproof.
  2. b) The secondary inner packaging(s) shall be siftproof.

If there is any doubt as to whether or not residual liquid may be present in the primary receptacle during transport then a packaging suitable for liquids, including absorbent materials, shall be used.

6.2.4 Multiple primary receptacles

If multiple fragile primary receptacles are placed in a secondary inner packaging, the primary receptacles shall be individually wrapped or otherwise separated to prevent contact between them.

6.2.5 Refrigerants

Packaging intended to contain a refrigerant such as ice, dry ice or liquid nitrogen shall conform to the following requirements:

  1. a) In the case of ice, the refrigerant shall be placed
    1. 1) outside the secondary inner packaging(s) or
    2. 2) in the outer packaging or an overpack
  2. b) Interior supports shall be provided to secure secondary inner packaging(s) or outer packaging(s) in the original position after the refrigerant has dissipated.
  3. c) In the case of ice, the outer packaging or overpack shall be leakproof.
  4. d) In the case of dry ice or liquid nitrogen, the outer packaging or overpack shall permit the release of gas.

7 Testing

7.1 General requirements

7.1.1 Test schedule

Packagings selected for testing shall be representative of the design intended for production. The tests required for type P620 packagings are set out in 7.3 to 7.5 and Table 2A of this standard, and the tests required for type P650 packagings are set out in 7.3 and 7.5 (if applicable) and Table 2B of this standard.

7.1.2 Design variations

Tests shall be repeated after each variation of the design, material or manner of construction of a packaging unless the variations are permitted in section 8. Design variations shall be documented in the design report.

7.2 Preparation for testing

7.2.1 Fill and close the packagings for testing in the same manner as for transport. All closures shall be installed as specified by the closure manufacturer or packaging manufacturer.

7.2.2 Each primary receptacle shall be filled to not less than 98% of its capacity. Liquid or solid infectious substance shall be replaced by water or, where conditioning at -18 °C is specified, by water/antifreeze with a minimum specific gravity of 0.95.

Table summary

The following Table 2A describes the test requirements on type P620 packaging for drum, jerrican and box packaging types.

Table 2A—Test requirements—Testing required on a type P620 packaging
Type of packaging Footnote 1 Conditioning Tests required
Ambient temperature Special preparation
Rigid outer packaging Primary receptacle Footnote 2 Water spray Cold conditioning Dry ice Footnote 3 Drop Additional
drop Footnote 3
Stacking Footnote 4 Puncture Internal pressure Footnote 5
Plastic Other Number of samples Number of samples Number of samples
Fibreboard box X N/A 0 5 5 1 10 1 3 2 3
N/A X 0 5 0 1 5 1 3 2 3
Fibreboard drum X N/A 0 3 3 1 6 1 3 2 3
N/A X 0 3 0 1 3 1 3 2 3
Plastic box X N/A 0 0 5 1 5 1 3 2 3
N/A X 0 0 5 1 5 1 3 2 3
Plastic drum / Jerrican X N/A 0 0 3 1 3 1 3 2 3
N/A X 0 0 3 1 3 1 3 2 3
Box of other material X N/A 0 0 5 1 5 1 3 2 3
N/A X 5 0 0 1 5 1 3 2 3
Drum / Jerrican of other material X N/A 5 0 3 1 3 1 3 2 3
N/A X 5 0 0 1 3 1 3 2 3
Table summary

The following Table 2b describes the test requirements on type P650 packaging for drum, jerrican and box packaging types.

Table 2B—Test requirements—Testing required on a type P650 packaging
Type of packaging Footnote 6 Conditioning Tests required
Ambient temperature Special preparation
Rigid outer packaging Primary receptacle Footnote 7 Water spray Cold conditio- ning Dry ice Footnote 8 Drop Additional drop Footnote 8 Internal pressure Footnote 9
Plastic Other Number of samples Number of samples Number of samples
Fibreboard box X N/A 0 5 5 1 10 1 3
N/A X 0 5 0 1 5 1 3
Fibreboard drum X N/A 0 3 3 1 6 1 3
N/A X 0 3 0 1 3 1 3
Plastic box X N/A 0 0 5 1 5 1 3
N/A X 0 0 5 1 5 1 3
Plastic drum / Jerrican X N/A 0 0 3 1 3 1 3
N/A X 0 0 3 1 3 1 3
Box of other material X N/A 0 0 5 1 5 1 3
N/A X 5 0 0 1 5 1 3
Drum / Jerrican of other material X N/A 0 0 3 1 3 1 3
N/A X 3 0 0 1 3 1 3

7.3 Drop test

Types P620 and P650 packagings shall be subjected to the drop test in accordance with this section.

7.3.1 Test method

7.3.1.1 Perform the drop test in accordance with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D5276 using the appropriate drop orientation as specified in 7.3.5 and the appropriate number of packagings in accordance with Table 2A and Table 2B. Where more than one orientation is possible for a given drop test, the orientation most likely to result in failure of the packaging shall be used.

7.3.1.2 Where the packaging is intended to contain dry ice, one additional drop test (refer to Table 2A and Table 2B) shall be carried out.

7.3.1.3 For fibreboard boxes (4G), the drop test may be conducted in accordance with TAPPI T802.

7.3.1.4 Except for flat drops, the centre of gravity shall be vertically over the point of impact.

7.3.1.5 The test packagings shall be dropped on a rigid, non-resilient, flat, massive and horizontal surface.

7.3.1.6 The drop test shall be performed with the packagings in the conditioning atmosphere, specified in 7.3.2, or within 15 min of removal from the conditioning atmosphere.

7.3.2 Conditioning

7.3.2.1 Ambient temperature conditioning

Packagings requiring ambient temperature conditioning shall be conditioned in accordance with ASTM D4332.

7.3.2.2 Special preparation of test sample for the drop test

7.3.2.2.1 Fibreboard outer packagings—Water spray test

Subject the packagings to a water spray that simulates exposure to a rainfall of approximately 5 cm per hour for at least one hour in accordance with ASTM D951.

7.3.2.2.2 Primary receptacles or outer packagings made of plastic—Cold conditioning

Subject the packagings to a temperature of -18 °C or lower for a period of not less than 24 h in accordance with ASTM D4332. If the sample contains dry ice, then the conditioning period may be reduced to 4 h.

7.3.2.2.3 Packaging intended to contain dry ice

One packaging shall be stored until all the dry ice has dissipated.

7.3.3 Procedure

7.3.3.1 After the drop test, examine each primary receptacle for evidence of leakage.

7.3.3.2 Examine if the primary receptacle(s) remained protected by cushioning/absorbent material in the secondary inner packaging.

7.3.4 Drop Height

7.3.4.1 Type P620 packagings shall be dropped from a minimum height of 9.0 m and type P650 packagings from a minimum height of 1.2 m.

7.3.5 Orientation

7.3.5.1 Where the samples are in the shape of a box; five shall be dropped, one in each of the following orientations:

  1. Box 1—flat on the bottom
  2. Box 2—flat on the top
  3. Box 3—flat on one long side
  4. Box 4—flat on one short side
  5. Box 5—diagonally on bottom corner.

7.3.5.2 Where the samples are in the shape of a drum; three shall be dropped one in each of the following orientations:

  1. Box 1—diagonally on the top chime, with the centre of gravity directly above the point of impact
  2. Box 2—diagonally on the base chime
  3. Box 3—flat on the side.

7.3.5.3 Sample of a packaging intended to contain dry ice

Drop one packaging in one of the orientation described in 7.3.5.1 or 7.3.5.2 which shall most likely result in failure of the packaging.

7.3.6 Criteria of a successful test

There shall be no release of the contents from the primary receptacle(s) which shall remain protected by cushioning/absorbent material in the secondary inner packaging. The secondary inner packaging shall be retained within the outer packaging. A minor exposure of the secondary inner packaging is acceptable if it is not possible to withdraw the secondary inner packaging from the outer packaging.

7.4 Puncture test

Type P620 packagings shall be subjected to the puncture test in accordance with this section.

7.4.1 Puncture device

The puncture device shall be a cylindrical steel rod having a diameter of 38 mm, a mass of 8.0 ± 1.0 kg, and an impact end edge radius equal to or less than 6 mm.

All dimensions are in millimetres.
Figure 1—Puncture device—Image description below.

Figure 1—Puncture device

Image description

The puncture device shall be a cylindrical steel rod having a diameter of 38 mm, a mass of 8.0 ± 1.0 kg, and an impact end edge radius equal to or less than 6 mm.

7.4.2 Test method

7.4.2.1 Packagings with a gross mass of 7 kg or less

The packaging shall be placed on a level hard surface and the puncture device shall be dropped in a vertical free fall position and be capable of penetrating the primary receptacle(s).

7.4.2.2 Packagings with a gross mass exceeding 7 kg

The puncture device shall be set vertically on a level hard surface and the packaging shall be dropped in a vertical free fall position. The puncture device shall be capable of penetrating the primary receptacle(s).

7.4.3 Procedure

Examine the primary receptacle(s) for evidence of leakage.

7.4.4 Drop height

7.4.4.1 Packaging of 7 kg or less

The puncture device shall be dropped from a height of 1 m, measured from the impact end of the device to the impact surface of the packaging.

7.4.4.2 Packaging of more than 7 kg

Packaging shall be dropped from a height of 1 m, measured from the impact surface of the packaging to the top of the puncture device.

7.4.5 Orientation

7.4.5.1 Packaging of 7 kg or less

The impact end of the puncture device shall strikes a location

  1. a) on the top of the first packaging; and
  2. b) on the side of a second packaging.

7.4.5.2 Packaging of more than 7 kg

The packaging shall be dropped on top of the puncture device so that

  1. a) the top face of the first packaging strikes the impact end of the puncture device; and
  2. b) the side of the second packaging strikes the impact end of the puncture device.

7.4.5.2.1 The puncture device shall protrude from the surface a distance at least equal to that between the centre of the primary receptacle(s) and the outer surface of the outer packaging with a minimum of 200 mm.

7.4.6 Criteria of a successful test

There shall be no release of the contents from the primary receptacle(s). However, penetration of the secondary inner packaging is acceptable provided that there is no leakage from the primary receptacle(s).

7.5 Internal pressure test

The primary receptacle or the secondary inner packaging of a type P620 packaging for liquids and solids and the primary receptacle or the secondary inner packaging of a type P650 packaging for liquids transported by air shall be subjected to the pressure test in accordance with this section.

7.5.1 Pressure gauge

The pressure shall be measured by using a gauge or other device of suitable range and accuracy. A record shall be kept identifying the instrument, the method of calibration, its calibration frequency, and the date of its last calibration.

Note: Various means of pressure measurement calibration may be used as long as a procedure is established for ensuring that instruments are maintained and calibrated, and they operate within suitable parameters.

7.5.2 Test method

7.5.2.1 Install an appropriate fitting into three packagings in such a manner that the performance of the packaging is not affected.

7.5.2.2 For rigid packagings, the pressure test shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM D4991.

7.5.3 Procedure

7.5.3.1 Restrain the packagings, including their closures, under the surface of water for a period of 10 min while an internal air pressure of not less than 95 kPa is applied. The restraints shall not affect the results of the test.

7.5.3.2 Examine all surfaces and seams of the packagings for leakage as evidenced by the formation of bubbles while the packaging is under water and under constant air pressure.

7.5.3.3 Other methods, at least equally effective, may be used if written procedures properly describe the test method and there is suitable data to validate the test method. Such methods include gas leak detection (e.g. helium testers), pressure differential test or soap solution applied on the surface of the entire packaging. The appropriate test method shall be selected based on the packaging type.

7.5.4 Criteria for a successful test

Tested packagings shall not leak.

8 Permitted design variations

8.1 Design variation requiring no testing

Provided that an equivalent level of performance is maintained, the following variations of primary receptacles within a secondary inner packaging are allowed without further testing.

8.1.1 Primary receptacles of equivalent or smaller size

Primary receptacles of equivalent or smaller size as compared to the tested primary receptacles may be used provided:

  1. a) the primary receptacles are of similar design to the tested primary receptacle (e.g. shape: round, rectangular, etc.);
  2. b) the material of construction of the primary receptacle (glass, plastic, metal, etc.) offers resistance to impact and stacking forces equal to, or greater than, that of the originally tested primary receptacle;
  3. c) the primary receptacles have the same or smaller openings and the closure is of similar design (e.g. screw cap, friction lid, etc.);
  4. d) sufficient additional cushioning material is used to take up void spaces and to prevent significant movement of the primary receptacles; and
  5. e) primary receptacles are oriented within the secondary inner packaging in the same manner as in the tested package.

8.1.2 Quantity of primary receptacles

A lesser number of the tested primary receptacles, or other types of primary receptacles meeting 8.1.1 a), may be used provided sufficient cushioning is added to fill the void space(s) and to prevent significant movement of the primary receptacles.

9 Quality management system

9.1 Type P620 packaging

Packagings shall be manufactured under a quality management system capable of ensuring that the packagings are in accordance with the tested and registered design specified in the design report, the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations.

9.2 Type P650 packaging

Packagings shall be manufactured under a quality management system capable of ensuring that the packagings are in accordance with the tested design specified in the design report, the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations.

10 Transport Canada registration

10.1 General

This section applies to type P620 packagings only. Type P650 packagings are not required to be registered with the Director.

10.2 Registration by the Director

Type P620 packaging shall not be manufactured under this standard unless the manufacturing facility and the packaging design have been registered by the Director.

10.3 Certificate of registration

A manufacturing facility is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Certificate of registration. The Certificate of registration remains valid until its indicated expiry date or its revocation for cause.

10.4 Design registration number

A type P620 packaging design is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Design registration number. The Design registration number remains valid until its revocation for cause.

10.5 Application for registration

10.5.1 Manufacturing facility

An application for registration of a manufacturing facility shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

  1. a) the packaging manufacturer's name and address;
  2. b) the manufacturing facility locations where the packaging will be manufactured;

10.5.2 Packaging design

An application to manufacture a new type P620 packaging design shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

  1. a) the packaging manufacturer's name and address;
  2. b) the manufacturing facility locations where the packaging will be manufactured;
  3. c) when different from the packaging manufacturer, the name and address of the company that has performed the performance testing;
  4. d) the packaging information as required in 4.4;
  5. e) proposed markings as required in 5.1;
  6. f) the design report in accordance with annex A; and
  7. g) a statement declaring that all requirements of this standard have been met, including the date and signature of the officer responsible for compliance to this standard on behalf of the packaging manufacturer. If the manufacturer did not perform the testing, the statement shall also be signed and dated by the responsible officer of the company that has performed the testing.

10.5.3 Record retention

10.5.3.1 The manufacturer shall keep a copy of every application for registration of the manufacturing facility for as long as UN standardized packagings are manufactured and at least two years thereafter.

10.5.3.2 The manufacturer shall keep a copy of every application to manufacture a packaging design for as long as UN standardized packagings are manufactured and at least two years thereafter.

10.6 Registration and compliance

A Certificate of registration and Design registration number shall be issued by the Director, for a manufacturing facility if the Director is satisfied that:

  1. a) the packagings manufactured and marked are representative of the registered design;
  2. b) the packaging manufacturer conforms to the applicable requirements of this standard; and
  3. c) the manufacturer is capable of consistently complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.7 Revocation for cause

10.7.1 Certificate of registration

The Director may revoke a Certificate of registration if the Director is satisfied that:

  1. a) the packagings, as manufactured, are not representative of the registered designs or do not comply to the applicable requirements of this standard;
  2. b) the manufacturer is not capable of complying with the requirements of this standard; or
  3. c) the manufacturer is not complying with the requirements of this standard.

10.7.2 Design registration number

The Director may revoke a Design registration number if the Director is satisfied that:

  1. a) the packagings, as manufactured, are not representative of the registered design as described in the Design report; or
  2. b) the packagings do not comply with the requirements of this standard.

10.8 Renewal of the Certificate of registration

The manufacture of packagings shall not continue past the expiry date of the Certificate of registration.

10.9 Application for renewal

An application for renewal of a Certificate of registration is subject to the same process and conditions as the initial application for Certificate of registration relating to the manufacturer. The application for renewal shall also include a list of all currently registered packaging designs identified either as actively being manufactured or to be discontinued.

10.10 Equivalent specification (“W” marking)

The Director may issue a Registration number for a packaging design that, although of a type described in Table 1, is manufactured to a different specification if the Director is satisfied that the packaging is equivalent to a packaging that conforms to the requirements of this standard. The Director shall assign the capital letter “W” to the packaging code.

10.11 Design modifications

Any change in packaging design that results in the information of the previously submitted design report to no longer be accurate shall be submitted to the Director as an application to manufacture a new packaging design. If the new design is within the permitted design variations such that no new testing is required, the application shall identify the previously tested design. If limited testing of the modified design is required, the design report shall include the relevant results.

10.12 Transition period

A Certificate of registration issued in accordance with the CAN/CGSB-43.125-99 standard for a packaging design shall be deemed to be registered as a manufacturing facility pursuant to section 10 of this standard unless the certificate has expired or been revoked.

Part II—Selection and use of packagings for infectious substances of Category A and Category B

11 General requirements

11.1 Selection and use

11.1.1 Infectious substances that are included in Category A in a form of a culture or meet criteria 2.36 (3) in the TDG Regulations shall be handled, offered for transport or transported in a type P620 packaging.

11.1.2 Other infectious substances that are included in Category A but do not meet 11.1.1 may be handled, offered for transport or transported as Category B in a type P650 packaging.

11.1.3 Infectious substances that are included in Category B shall be handled, offered for transport or transported in a type P650 packaging or in a type P620 packaging.

11.2 Filling and closing

11.2.1 Liquids shall only be filled into packagings that have an appropriate resistance to the internal pressure that may develop under normal conditions of transport and meets the requirements set out in 4.3.2.

11.2.2 A person assembling or closing a container shall assemble and close the container as instructed in the information provided by the container manufacturer or distributor in accordance with 4.4.

11.3 Air transport

Packagings handled, offered for transport or transported by aircraft shall also comply with Part 12 of the TDG Regulations.

11.4 Marine transport

Packagings handled, offered for transport or transported by ship shall also comply with Part 11 of the TDG Regulations.

11.5 Special packaging (“U” marking)

Primary receptacles of any type, for solids or liquids, may be assembled and marked in accordance with 5.1.2 b) and 5.1.4.1 with the letter “U”, in a type P620 packaging, if:

  1. a) the cushioning thickness between primary receptacles and between primary receptacle and the outside of the secondary inner packaging has not been reduced compared to the corresponding thickness used in the successfully tested design. If a single primary receptacle was used in the original test, the thickness of cushioning between primary receptacles shall not be less than the thickness of cushioning between the outside of the secondary inner packaging and the primary receptacle in the original test. When either a fewer number of inner packagings or smaller inner packagings are used (as compared to the inner packagings used in the drop test), sufficient additional cushioning material shall be used to take up void spaces;
  2. b) primary receptacles containing liquid are completely surrounded with a sufficient quantity of absorbent material to absorb the entire contents of the primary receptacles; and
  3. c) for an outer packaging that is not siftproof or leakproof, a leakproof liner, plastic bag, or other equally effective means is inserted in the outer packaging to contain any release of solids or liquids, as applicable, from the inner packaging.

Part III—Selection and use of packagings for the transport of infectious substances of Category A and Category B intended for disposal and clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste

12 General requirements

12.1 Category A infectious substances intended for disposal and meeting the requirements of 2.36(3) in the TDG Regulations shall always be handled, offered for transport or transported in a type P620 packaging.

12.2 Substances intended for disposal and containing Category A (other than those meeting the requirements of 2.36(3) in the TDG Regulations) or Category B infectious substances or clinical, (bio) medical or regulated medical waste shall be transported in any of the following means of containment:

  1. a) UN standardized small container for packing group I or II, for liquids or solids listed in Table 3. If the container is not leakproof, a plastic bag meeting the requirements of Table 5 shall be inserted in the container to contain any possible release of liquids.

The small containers associated to the UN packaging code listed in Table 3 shall be UN standardized containers that meet the requirements applicable to this type of container as set out in TP 14850 or the UN Recommendations and the Regulations of the country of origin, as the case may be, and are marked accordingly.

Table summary

The following Table 3 describes the packaging codes for drums, jerricans, boxes and composite packaging types.

Table 3—Selected packaging codes for UN standardized small containers
Type Material Category Packaging code
1. Drums A. Steel non-removable head 1A1
removable head 1A2
B. Aluminum non-removable head 1B1
removable head 1B2
D. Plywood N/A 1D
G. Fibre N/A 1G
H. Plastic non-removable head 1H1
removable head 1H2
N. Metal, other than steel or aluminum non-removable head 1N1
removable head 1N2
3. Jerricans A. Steel non-removable head 3A1
removable head 3A2
B. Aluminum non-removable head 3B1
removable head 3B2
H. Plastic non-removable head 3H1
removable head 3H2
4. Boxes A. Steel N/A 4A
B. Aluminum N/A 4B
C. Natural wood ordinary 4C1
with sift-proof walls 4C2
D. Plywood N/A 4D
F. Reconstituted wood N/A 4F
G. Fibreboard N/A 4G
H. Plastic expanded 4H1
solid 4H2
N. Metal, other than steel or aluminum N/A 4N
Composite packagings H. Plastic inner receptacle in steel drum 6HA1
in steel crate or box 6HA2
in aluminum drum 6HB1
in aluminum crate or box 6HB2
in wooden box 6HC
in plywood drum 6HD1
in plywood box 6HD2
in fibre drum 6HG1
in fibreboard box 6HG2
in plastic drum 6HH1
in solid plastic box 6HH2
P. Glass, porcelain or stoneware inner receptacle in steel drum 6PA1
in steel crate or box 6PA2
in aluminum drum 6PB1
in aluminum crate or box 6PB2
in wooden box 6PC
in plywood box 6PD1
in wickerwork hamper 6PD2
in fibre drum 6PG1
in fibreboard box 6PG2
in expanded plastics outer packaging 6PH1
in solid plastic outer packaging 6PH2
  1. b) United Nations (UN) standardized Intermediate bulk containers (IBC) for packing group I or II, for liquids or solids listed in Table 4

The type of IBCs associated to the UN IBC code listed in Table 4 shall be UN standardized IBCs that meet the requirements applicable to this type of container as set out in CAN/CGSB-43.146 or the UN Recommendations and the Regulations of the country of origin, as the case may be, and are marked accordingly.

Table summary

The following Table 4 describes the packaging codes for flexible, rigid and composite packaging types.

Table 4—Selected packaging codes for UN standardized IBCs
Type Type of IBC Design characteristics IBC code
FlexibleFootnote 10 (13) Plastic (H) Woven plastic with liner 13H3
Woven plastic, coated and with liner 13H4
Textile (L) Coated with liner 13L4
Rigid Footnote 10
(11 and 31)
For solids, loaded or discharged by gravity (11) Steel 11A
Aluminum 11B
Plastic, fitted with structural equipment 11H1
Plastic, free-standing 11H2
Natural wood with inner liner 11C
Plywood with inner liner 11D
Reconstituted wood with inner liner 11F
Fibreboard with inner liner 11G
Metal other than steel or aluminum 11N
For liquids (31) Steel 31A
Aluminum 31B
Plastic, fitted with structural equipment 31H1
Plastic, free-standing 31H2
Metal other than steel or aluminum 31N
Composite Footnote 10 with
plastic inner
receptacle
(11 and 31)
For solids, loaded or discharged by gravity (11HZ) Footnote 10 with rigid plastic inner receptacle 11HZ1
with flexible plastic inner receptacle 11HZ2
For liquids (31HZ) Footnote 10 with rigid plastic
inner receptacle
Such as:
31HA1 and
31HH1
with flexible plastic inner receptacle Such as:
31HA2 and
31HH2
  1. c) UN standardized rigid and leakproof large packagings for packing group II, for liquids or solids meeting the requirements of Chapter 6.6 in UN Recommendations and the Regulations of the country of origin and marked accordingly. 
  2. d) a non-standardized combination packaging consisting of a securely-closed plastic bag that meets the requirements of Table 5 and is contained in a securely closed outer packaging that is
    1. 1) rigid, leakproof and designed for repeated use; or
    2. 2) a fibreboard box that meets the requirements of columns 1, 2 and 3 or columns 1, 2 and 4 of Table 6.
  3. e) a Type P620 packaging.

12.4 Sharp objects

Packaging intended to contain sharp objects such as broken glass and needles shall:

  1. a) meet the requirements of CSA Z316.6, or
  2. b) be rigid, leakproof, puncture resistant and designed for repeated use.
Table summary

The following Table 5 describes the test requirements for plastic bags with Elmendorf tear strength and dart impact strength tests.

Table 5—Plastic bag
Test Test standard Nominal value
Elmendorf tear strength American Society for Testing and Materials D1922 480 g Machine direction
480 g Transverse direction
Dart impact strength American Society for Testing and Materials D1709 165 g
Table summary

The following Table 6 describes fibreboard boxes for singlewall and doublewall fibreboard types.

Table 6—Fibreboard box
Type of fibreboard Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4
Maximum weight of box and contents
Kilogram (pound)
Maximum outside dimensions length + width + height
Centimeter (inch)
Minimum bursting strength Footnote 11
Kilopascal (pound/square inch)
Minimum edge crush Footnote 12 test (ECT)
Kilonewton per metre (pound/inch)
Singlewall 16 (35) 190 (75) 1380 (200) 5.6 (32)
23 (50) 216 (85) 1720 (250) 7.0 (40)
30 (65) 241 (95) 1900 (275) 7.7 (44)
30 (65) 267 (105) 2410 (350) 9.6 (55)
Doublewall 30 (65) 216 (85) 1380 (200) 7.4 (42)
30 (65) 241 (95) 1900 (275) 8.4 (48)
30 (65) 267 (105) 2410 (350) 8.9 (51)

Annex A (normative)
Design report for type P620 packagings

A.1 The following are the minimum requirements for the completion of test reports submitted to the Director in accordance with this standard. Information provided in the report will be confidential.

A.2 The report shall be dated, display a unique identification number and include the following headings and information.

A.2.1 Introduction

  1. a) The manufacturer's name, address and telephone number
  2. b) A general description of the package types
  3. c) The plant locations where the package will be manufactured.

A.2.2 Design (Prototypes)

A.2.2.1 Drawings

At least one drawing of the completed package (e.g. assembly drawing) showing assembly method and sequence, overall dimensions, materials and general construction, inner and outer packagings, liners, etc., if applicable. (Photographs for clarification should be included.)

A.2.2.2 Materials and construction

The materials and construction for the outer and inner packagings and any other components (e.g. absorbent material, cushioning, dividers, coatings, closures, liners, pads, gaskets).

A.2.2.2.1 Materials

  1. a) Fibreboard—The composition (nominal basis weight of solid or linerboard and corrugating medium, corrugating flute type, adhesive [i.e. regular or water resistant]), minimum burst strength, puncture strength or edge crush strength of the solid or corrugated board.
  2. b) Metal—The material type and specification (e.g. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) or International Organization for Standardization (ISO)); the nominal thickness.
  3. c) Plastic—The resin type, density, strength properties for film.

A.2.2.2.2 Construction

  1. a) Fabrication and closure methods, fasteners, fastener spacing, closure torque, coatings, etc. As applicable.
  2. b) Fibreboard
    1. 1) the box style
    2. 2) the drawings of liners and dividers, the boxmaker's drawing or sketch showing board inside dimensions (flat) and direction of corrugations
    3. 3) the type of manufacturer's joint (glued, stitched or taped)
    4. 4) The closure types: glued, stitched or taped
      1. i) Glued : type and coverage of glue
      2. ii) Stapled : type, size, number and pattern of staples
      3. iii) Taped : type, dimensions and location of tape
  3. c) Metal—The type of seam, seaming compound and weld.

A.2.2.2.3 The detailed material data may be provided on part lists and/or detailed drawings. These drawings may be included with the report or referenced on a list indicating the drawing revision that applies to the prototype design. If drawings are referred to but not included, copies shall be retained by the manufacturer and made available to the Director upon request. Copies of referenced specifications shall also be retained by the manufacturer.

A.2.3 Qualification testing

A.2.3.1 Test required

A reference to the applicable sections of the standard.

A.2.3.2 Test methods and equipment

  1. a) A description of the type, capacity, etc. of the equipment used
  2. b) The test methods used
  3. c) Any variations, with justification, from the test methods prescribed by this standard
  4. d) A description of the test specimen replicates including contents, net and gross mass as tested. Include a statement that the specimens tested were randomly selected (if selected from production) and represent the package intended for manufacture.

A.2.3.3 Test results

  1. a) The test results in terms of the pass/fail criteria of the specific test and replicate tested. (Results may be displayed in tabular form.)
  2. b) A description of the damage in detail.
  3. c) The results listed in a sequence corresponding to “Test Required”.
  4. d) Photographs and/or videos of the replicates should be taken during/after testing.

A.2.4 Certification

  1. a) A statement declaring that all requirements of CAN/CGSB-43.125 have been met.
  2. b) Name, address, telephone number and signature of the person who conducted the tests and his employer, if different from the package manufacturer.
  3. c) Signature of the responsible officer for the manufacturer.

A.2.5 Documentation

A copy of the packaging information in accordance with 4.4.

A.2.6 Marking

An indication of the proposed marking in accordance with 5.1.