Organic production systems — Permitted substances lists

National Standard of Canada

Canadian General Standards Board – CAN/CGSB-32.311-2015

Please note that the format of this standard has been modified slightly for the Web. The content of the Web version and of the PDF is the same, but the PDF is regarded as the official document.

  1. Scope
  2. Normative references
  3. Requirements for adding or amending substances in the lists
  4. Permitted substances lists for crop production
  5. Permitted substances lists for livestock production
  6. Permitted substances lists for preparation
  7. Permitted substances lists for cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers
  8. Facility management substances

Introduction

Organic operations in Canada remain subject to all applicable laws and regulations. Substances that appear in CAN/CGSB-32.311, Organic production systems — Permitted substances lists, are subject to the Pest Control Products Act (PCPA) or the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) when used in Canada as pesticides or disinfectants. Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is the federal authority responsible for the regulation of pest control products (including sanitizers) under the PCPA Regulations. Disinfectants are regulated by Health Canada's Therapeutic Products Directorate (TPD) under the FDA Regulations.

Substances that appear in CAN/CGSB-32.311, Organic production systems — Permitted substances lists, are subject to the FDA when used in Canada as veterinary drugs destined to food producing animals and to the Feeds Act (FA) when used in Canada as livestock feed. Health Canada’s Veterinary Drugs Directorate is the federal authority responsible for the regulation of veterinary drugs under the FDA Regulations. Livestock feeds are regulated by the Animal Feed Division of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency under the FA Regulations and the Health of Animals Act.

This standard, in conjunction with CAN/CGSB-32.310, is intended for certification and regulation to prevent deceptive practices in the marketplace. The certification process assesses operational compliance. Certification is granted to compliant product.

Annex A provides a list of permitted substances in alphabetical order.

Notes and examples in this standard

In this standard, notes and examples are used for giving additional information intended to assist the understanding or use of the document and not a normative part of the standard.

1 Scope

1.1 This National Standard of CanadaFootnote 1 provides additional information to CAN/CGSB-32.310, Organic production systems — General principles and management standards, in the form of permitted substances to be used as annotated in accordance with the scope of the table in which they are listed. Use of a listed substance in a manner inconsistent with the scope of the table in which it appears is not permitted, except as specified in a listed substance annotation. Listed substances shall comply with prohibitions in 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

1.2 Units of measure

Quantities and dimensions in this standard are given in metric units with yard/pound equivalents, mostly obtained through soft conversion, given in parentheses. The metric units shall be regarded as official in the event of dispute or unforeseen difficulty arising from the conversion.

2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this National Standard of Canada. The referenced documents may be obtained from the sources noted below.

Note: The addresses provided below were valid at the date of publication of this standard.

An undated reference is to the latest edition or revision of the reference or document in question, unless otherwise specified by the authority applying this standard. A dated reference is to the specified revision or edition of the reference or document in question.

2.1 Canadian General Standards Board

CAN/CGSB-32.310 - Organic production systems – General principles and management standards.

2.1.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Canadian General Standards Board
Sales Centre
Gatineau, Canada
K1A 1G6
Telephone:  819-956-0425 or 1-800-665-2472
Fax : 819-956-5740
E-mail : ncr.cgsb-ongc@tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca

2.2 Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment

Guidelines for compost quality.

2.2.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment

123 Main Street, Suite 360
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3C 1A3
Telephone: 204-948-2090
Fax: 204-948-2125
E-mail: info@ccme.ca  

2.3 Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques

Guidelines for the beneficial use of fertilising residuals.

2.3.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (PDF 587Kb).

2.4 Pest Management Regulatory Agency

PMRA List of Formulants (2010 Aug 31 edition and future editions).

2.4.1 Source

The above may be obtained from Health Canada

Address Locator 0900C2
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0K9
Telephone: 613-957-2991 or 1-866-225-0709
Fax: 613-941-5366
E-mail info@hc-sc.gc.ca

2.5 Bureau de normalisation du Québec

CAN/BNQ 0017-088 ─ Specifications for compostable plastics.

2.5.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Bureau de normalisation du Québec.

2.6 International Organization for Standardization

ISO 17088 - Specifications for compostable plastics.

2.6.1 Source

The above may be obtained from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta
T2G 0K3
Telephone: 613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax: 613-237-4251.

3 Requirements for adding or amending substances in the lists

3.1

Clause 10 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 outlines the requirements for adding or amending listed substances.

4 Permitted substances lists for crop production

4.1 Classification

4.1.1 Crop production substances are classified according to the following uses and applications:

  1. a) Soil amendments are substances applied to the soil to improve fertility and tilth and to correct soil problems. Fertilizers, plant foods and soil amendments are primarily used for their plant nutrient content and may be applied to the soil or to plant foliage.
  2. b) Crop production aids and materials are substances used in conjunction with other substances in Tables 4.2 and 4.3, which may or may not be directly applied to the crop or soil, or substances used to control pests (disease, weed or insect). Examples include: adjuvants, insect traps and plastic mulch, vertebrate animal pest management substances, plant disease and insect pest management substances.

4.1.2 Use of a listed substance in a manner inconsistent with the scope of the table in which it appears is not permitted, except as specified in substance annotations.

4.1.3 Substances listed in Tables 4.2 and 4.3 shall comply with prohibitions in 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310. The following additional requirements apply to substances produced on substrates or growth media (for example, micro-organisms and lactic acid):

  1. a) if the substance includes the substrates or growth media, the substrates or growth media ingredients shall be listed in Table 4.2 or 4.3;
  2. b) if the substance does not include the substrates or growth media, the substance shall be produced on non-genetically engineered substrates or growth media, if commercially available.
Table 4.2 – Soil amendments and crop nutrition
Substance name(s) Origin and usage
Agar For use in initial mushroom spawn production.
Alfalfa meal and pellets Shall be organic if commercially available.
Algae See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.
Amino acids Shall be from non-synthetic sources. Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are:
  1. a) produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms; and
  2. b) extracted or isolated either by hydrolysis or by other non-chemical means (example: physical extraction).

May be used as plant growth regulators or as chelating agents.

Animal manure See clauses 5 and 6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.
Animal manure, processed Manures treated by mechanical and/or physical (including heat) methods are permitted. Other substances listed in Table 4.2 may be added to manures.

Manure sources shall conform to requirements specified in 5.5.1 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

The operator shall be able to demonstrate that best practices known to eliminate human pathogens during the treatment have been used or that the requirements in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 have been met.

Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products Non-synthetic extracts are permitted. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited except with, in order of preference:
  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

Shall not contain synthetic preservatives, such as formaldehyde.

Ash Ash shall be from plant and animal sources. Ash containing materials that cannot be verified and that may contain prohibited substances shall not exceed the limits (category C1) for acceptable levels (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead and mercury, as specified in Guidelines for the Beneficial Use of Fertilising Residuals.

Ash from burning minerals, manure, coloured paper, plastics or other synthetic substances is prohibited.

Shall not cause heavy metal buildup in soil through repeated application.

Biochar Produced through pyrolysis of forestry by-products which have not been treated with or combined with prohibited substances.

Recycled biochar from contaminated remediation sites is prohibited.

Biodynamic preparations for soil and plants No annotation.
Biological organisms, naturally-occurring Includes worms and their products.

See Table 4.2 Worm castings.

Blood meal Shall be sterilized.
Bone meal Shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including: the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.
Boron The following soluble boron products are permitted:
  1. a) borate;
  2. b) sodium tetraborate (borax and anhydrous); and
  3. c) sodium octaborate.

Shall be used to correct a documented deficiency specific to the type of crop.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

Calcium The following calcium products are permitted:

mined calcium carbonate, limestone, dolomite (not slaked) and other non-synthetic sources, including shells from aquatic animals (such as oyster shell flour), aragonite, eggshell meal and lime from sugar processing. Non-synthetic calcium chloride may be used to address nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

Calcium products used in controlled atmosphere storage are prohibited.

Shall not cause salt buildup in soil through repeated application.

See Table 4.2 Calcium sulphate (gypsum).

Calcium sulphate
(gypsum)
Mined sources; calcium sulphate produced using sulphuric acid is prohibited.

To correct calcium and sulphur deficiencies and soil salinity problems, as documented by visual symptoms or by testing of soil or plant tissue.

Cannery wastes Shall be from organic sources. Non-organic cannery wastes shall be composted.

See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

Cardboard Cardboard shall not be waxed or impregnated with fungicide or prohibited substances.

May be used as mulch or as composting feedstock.

See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

Chelates Non-synthetic and listed synthetic chelates are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.

Clay Bentonite, perlite and zeolite; as soil amendments or seed pellet additives.

See Table 4.2 Mined minerals, unprocessed.

Compost Compost produced on the farm is restricted to compost produced on a certified organic farm. Compost from off-farm sources includes every other source, for example: municipal, residential, industrial, or any organic or non-organic farm.

See Table 4.2 Compost from off-farm sources; table 4.2 Compost produced on the farm; table 4.2 Compost tea; and table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. For information on compost starters, see Table 4.2 Microbial products. For information on vermicompost, see Table 4.2 Worm castings.

Compost feedstocks Acceptable feedstocks include:
  1. a) animal manures conforming to criteria specified in 5.5.1 of CAN/CGSB-32.310;
  2. b) animals, animal products and by-products (including fishery);
  3. c) plants and plant by-products (including forestry and source-separated yard debris, such as grass clippings and leaves), pomaces and cannery wastes;
  4. d) soils and minerals that conform to the requirements of this standard and of CAN/CGSB-32.310;and
  5. e) paper yard waste bags which contain coloured ink.

When evidence indicates that composting feedstocks may contain a substance prohibited by 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 known to be persistent in compost, documentation or testing of the final product may be required.

The following composting feedstocks are prohibited: sewage sludge; compost starter and feedstocks fortified with substances not included in this standard; leather by-products; glossy paper; waxed cardboard; paper containing coloured ink other than paper yard waste bags; and animals, animal products and animal by-products not guaranteed free of the risk materials specified in Table 4.2 Bone meal.

Compost from off-farm sources Compost obtained from off-farm sources shall conform to the criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. If compost is obtained from another farm, feedstock sources shall be documented. Compost obtained from all other sources shall comply to the following:
  1. a) shall not exceed the maximum acceptable levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead and mercury (mg/kg) and foreign matter outlined for unrestricted use compost (Category A), as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality;
  2. b) shall meet criteria for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; and
  3. c) shall not cause heavy metal buildup in soil through repeated application.
Compost produced on the farm Compost produced on the farm shall conform to the criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. In addition, if made from animal manures or other likely sources of human pathogens, compost produced on the farm shall:
  1. a) reach a temperature of 55°C (130°F) for a period of four consecutive days or more. The compost piles shall be mixed or managed to ensure that all of the feedstock heats to the required temperature for the minimum time; or
  2. b) meet limits for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; or
  3. c) be considered as aged or raw manure rather than compost, that is, meeting requirements specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

Compost tea shall be made from composts that conform to criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost produced on the farm; Compost from off-farm sources or Worm castings.

Other substances listed in Table 4.2 may be added to compost tea.

Compost tea

If compost tea is applied directly to the edible parts of plants, the operator shall be able to demonstrate that best practices known to eliminate pathogens during the processing have been used OR that the requirements for raw manure, as specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, have been met.

See the Compost tea definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

Copper The following copper products may be used to correct documented copper deficiencies: copper sulphate, basic copper sulphate, copper oxide and copper oxysulphate.

Copper ammonia base, copper ammonium carbonate, copper nitrate and cuprous chloride are prohibited.

Shall be used with caution to prevent excessive copper accumulation in the soil. Copper build up in soil may prohibit future use.

Visible residue of copper products on harvested crops is prohibited.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

The following copper products are permitted:

  1. a) for use as a wood preservative or for disease control—copper hydroxide;
  2. b) for use as a fungicide on fruits and vegetables—copper sulphates, Bordeaux mix, copper oxychloride and copper oxide.
Copper

Shall be used with caution to prevent excessive copper accumulation in the soil. Copper buildup in soil may prohibit future use.

Visible residue of copper products on harvested crops is prohibited.
Copper sulphate As an essential nutrient (source of copper and sulphur) and for topical use (foot baths).
Digestate, anaerobic Products of anaerobic digestion may be used for soil amendment, provided that the following conditions are met:
  1. a) the materials added to the digester shall be listed in Table 4.2. If feedstocks are obtained from off-farm sources, the digestate shall comply with the heavy metal restrictions in Table 4.2 Compost from off-farm sources;
  2. b)the criteria for raw manure land application specified in 5.5.2.3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 shall be met;
  3. c) anaerobic digestate may be used as a compost feedstock if it is added to other substances which are then composted. See Table 4.2 Composting feedstocks.
Dust suppressants Non-synthetic substances, or substances listed in Tables 4.2 and 4.3 (for example: Lignin sulphonate, Molasses, Vegetable oils) are permitted.

Petroleum products are prohibited.

Enzymes Shall be derived from non-synthetic substances by the action of micro-organisms. Shall not be fortified with prohibited substances.
Extractants Permitted extractants include non-synthetic substances, such as cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except as specified in the annotations of substances listed in Table 4.2.
Feather meal No annotation.
Fish meal, fish powder, fish wastes, hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles The following fish products are permitted: fish meal; fish powder; and hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles. Fish farm wastes shall be composted.

Ethoxyquin or other synthetic perservatives, fertilizers and other chemically synthesized substances not listed in this standard shall not be added to fish products.

Chemical treatment is prohibited, except that liquid fish products may be pH adjusted with the following, in preferential order:

  1. a) vinegar;
  2. b) non-synthetic citric acid;
  3. c) synthetic citric acid;
  4. d) phosphoric acid; or
  5. e) sulphuric acid.

The amount of acid used for pH adjustment shall not exceed the minimum needed to stabilize the product.

Formulants Non-synthetic substances shall be used, unless a substance annotation specifies that a synthetic formulant may be used. For example, see Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products; Table 4.2 Fish meal, fish powder, fish wastes, hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles; Table 4.2 Humates, humic acid and fulvic acid.
Guano Shall be decomposed, dried deposits from wild bats or birds.

Domesticated fowl excrement is considered to be manure, not guano.

Humates, humic acid and fulvic acid Permitted if extracted by:
  1. a) non-synthetic substances;
  2. b) microbial fermentation; or
  3. c) potassium hydroxide—potassium hydroxide levels used in the extraction process shall not exceed the amount required for extraction.

Shall not exceed the limits (category C1) for acceptable levels (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead and mercury specified in Guidelines for the Beneficial Use of Fertilising Residuals.

Humus from worms and insects (vermicompost) See Table 4.2 Worm castings.
Inoculants See Table 4.2 Microbial products.
Iron The following sources of iron are permitted, to correct documented iron deficiencies: ferric oxide, ferric sulphate, ferrous sulphate, iron citrate, iron sulphate or iron tartrate.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

Kelp and kelp products See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.
Leaf mould No annotation.
Limestone Magnesium carbonate and calcium carbonate. Shall be from a non-synthetic source. Oyster shell flour, limestone, dolomite (not slaked), aragonite, eggshell meal, lime from sugar processing and mined calcium carbonate are acceptable sources.

Calcium products that have been used in controlled atmosphere storage are prohibited.

Magnesium carbonate shall be used with caution to prevent magnesium buildup in soil.

Magnesium From non-synthetic substances, without the addition of chemically synthesized substances or chemical treatment. The following sources of magnesium are permitted:
  1. a) magnesium rock—magnesium carbonate, magnesium chloride;
  2. b) dolomitic limestone (not slaked);
  3. c) magnesium sulphate (MgSO4): Epsom salts (may be synthetic), kieserite. MgSO4 shall be used to correct a documented magnesium deficiency.
Manganese Manganous oxide and manganese sulphate are permitted, to correct a documented manganese deficiency.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

Manure, composted See Table 4.2 Compost.
Manure, non-organic manure source See 5.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.
Meat meal Shall be processed by drying, heat sterilization and/or composting.
Microbial products The following microbial products are permitted:
  1. a) rhizobium bacteria;
  2. b) mycorrhizal fungi;
  3. c) azolla; and
  4. d) yeast and other micro-organisms.

Ionizing radiation is permitted for use on peat moss carrier, before the addition of microbial inoculants. Radiation is otherwise prohibited.

Micronutrients Includes micronutrients (trace elements) from non-synthetic or synthetic sources. May be chelated. See Table 4.2 Chelates.

To be used when soil and plant deficiencies are documented by visual symptoms or by testing of soil and/or plant tissue, or when the need for a preventative application can be documented.

Nitrate and ammonium forms of micronutrients are prohibited.

See Table 4.2 Boron; Table 4.2 Copper; Table 4.2 Iron; Table 4.2 Manganese; Table 4.2 Molybdenum; and Table 4.2 Zinc.

Milk No annotation.
Mined minerals, unprocessed Mined minerals include basalt, pumice, sand, feldspar, mica, granite dust and unprocessed rock dust. Minerals extracted from seawater are permitted. A mined mineral shall not have undergone any change in its molecular structure through heating or combining with other substances and shall not be processed or fortified with synthetic chemicals unless listed in Table 4.2.

Sodium nitrate and rock dust that have been mixed with petroleum products, such as those from stone engraving, are prohibited.

Molasses Shall be organic.
Molybdenum To correct documented molybdenum deficiencies.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

Mulches See Table 4.3 Mulches.
Mushroom compost See Table 4.2 Compost.
Oilseed meals Shall be organic if commercially available.
Peat moss No annotation.
pH buffers Shall be non-synthetic, such as citric acid or vinegar.

Lye and sulphuric acid are prohibited.

Phosphate rock

Shall not be fortified or processed with synthetic chemicals.

Cadmium shall not exceed 90 mg/kg P2O5.

Plants and plant by-products

Includes plant preparations of aquatic or terrestrial plants or parts of plants, such as cover crops, green manures, crop wastes, hay, leaves and straw. Parts of plants used as soil amendments and foliar feeds are permitted. Wastes from crops that have been treated or produced with prohibited substances may be used as composting feedstocks.

For processing of plant by-products, see Table 4.2 Extractants.

Sawdust, wood chips and shavings may be used for mulching if they are obtained or derived from wood that has not been treated with paint or prohibited substances.

Pomaces Feedstocks shall be from organically grown fruits or vegetables. Non-organic pomaces shall be composted. See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.
Potassium The following potassium sources are permitted:
  1. a) langbeinite, mined sulphate of potash magnesia and mined potassium salts (sylvinite and kainite);
  2. b) potassium rock powder—includes basalt, biotite, mica, feldspar, granite and greensand;
  3. c) potassium chloride (KCl)—muriate of potash and rock potash. KCl shall not cause salt buildup in soil through repeated application;
  4. d) potassium sulphate—shall be produced by combining brines from seabed deposits and mined minerals. Potassium sulphate made using reactants (such as sulphuric acid or ammonia) is prohibited. Fortification with synthetic chemicals is prohibited.
Potting soil Shall not contain synthetic wetting agents or synthetic fertilizers.
Seaweed and seaweed products See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.
Shell from aquatic animals Includes chitin.
Soil From organic sources. Shall comply with restrictions specified in 5.1.2 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.
Sphagnum moss Shall not contain synthetic wetting agents.
Stillage and stillage extract Ammonium stillage is prohibited.
Sulphur, elemental Non-synthetic elemental sulphur may be used as a soil amendment where more buffered sources of sulphur are not appropriate, and as a foliar application. Chemically synthesized substances shall not be added. Chemical treatment is prohibited.
Surfactants Non-synthetic substances.

See Table 4.2 Formulants, Table 4.2 Wetting agents, and Table 4.3 Soaps; table 4.3 Vegetable oils.

Vermicasts See Table 4.2 Worm castings.
Vermiculite No annotation.
Vitamins Non-synthetic sources of all vitamins and synthetic sources of vitamins B1, C (ascorbic acid) and E are permitted for use in organic crop production.
Wetting agents Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents.
Wood ash See Table 4.2 Ash.
Worm castings Worm castings (also called vermicompost, worm compost, vermicasts, worm humus or worm manure) are the end product of the breakdown of organic matter and compounds by some earthworm species.

Feedstocks for earthworms shall meet the criteria in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

The operator shall be able to demonstrate that:

  1. a) worm castings produced either on the farm or obtained from off-farm sources meet the limits for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; or
  2. b) that best practices known to eliminate human pathogens during vermicomposting have been used.

See Table 4.2 Microbial products for information on compost starters.

Yeast See Table 4.2 Microbial products.
Zinc Zinc oxide and zinc sulphate may be used to correct a documented zinc deficiency.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

Table 4.3 - Crop production aids and materials
Substance name(s) Origin and usage
Acetic acid Non-synthetic sources.

As an adjuvant, a pH regulator and for weed control.

Adhesives for sticky traps and barriers No annotation.
Amino acids Shall be from non-synthetic sources. Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are:
  1. a) produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms; and
  2. b) extracted or isolated either by hydrolysis or by other non-chemical means (example: physical extraction).

May be used as plant growth regulators or as chelating agents.

Ammonium carbonate As an attractant in insect traps.
Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products Non-synthetic extracts are permitted. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited except with, in order of preference:
  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

Shall not contain synthetic preservatives, such as formaldehyde.

Arthropod pathogens See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.
Arthropod predators and parasitoids See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.
Arthropods See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.
Ascorbic acid
(vitamin C)
Non-synthetic sources may be used to promote growth.

Synthetic and non-synthetic sources may be used as a pH regulator.

Baits for rodent traps Baits shall not contain synthetic substances.
Bentonite See Table 4.2 Mined minerals, unprocessed.
Biodegradable plant containers Biodegradable planting containers (for example pots or cell packs) may be left to decompose in the field if all ingredients are listed in Table 4.2.
Biodynamic preparations for compost No annotation.
Biological organisms Biological organisms (living, dead or as extracts), such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, insects and nematodes. Some examples are Bacillus thuringiensis, spinosad and granulosis.

Used to benefit plant production by reducing pest populations.

Borate Mined sources of sodium tetraborate and octaborate may be used as wood preservatives.
Boric acid May be used for structural pest control (example: for ants).

Direct contact with organic food or crops is prohibited.

Botanical pesticides Botanical pesticides shall be used in conjunction with a biorational pest management program. They shall not be a farm plan’s primary method of pest control. The least toxic botanicals shall be used in the least ecologically disruptive way possible. All label restrictions and directions shall be followed, including restrictions concerning crops, livestock, target pests, safety precautions, pre-harvest intervals and worker re-entry.
Calcium chloride Non-synthetic, food-grade sources.

To address plant nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

Calcium silicate Non-synthetic sources.

To address plant nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

Calcium lignin sulphonate See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.
Calcium polysulphide See Table 4.3 Lime sulphur.
Carbon dioxide For soil and greenhouse use and for controlled atmosphere storage.
Chelates Non-synthetic and listed synthetic chelates are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.

Cholecalciferol
(vitamin D3)
May be used outdoors and inside greenhouses for rodent control when methods described in 5.6.1of CAN/CGSB-32.310 have failed.

Prohibited inside on-farm food processing and food storage facilities.

Citric acid Non-synthetic and synthetic sources may be used as a chelating agent and to adjust pH.
Copper The following copper products are permitted:
  1. a) for use as a wood preservative or for disease control—copper hydroxide;
  2. b) for use as a fungicide on fruits and vegetables—copper sulphates, Bordeaux mix, copper oxychloride and copper oxide.

Shall be used with caution to prevent excessive copper accumulation in the soil. Copper buildup in soil may prohibit future use.

Visible residue of copper products on harvested crops is prohibited.

Diatomaceous earth Non-heated forms are permitted.

Synthetic pesticides and synergists shall not be added.

Dormant oils For use as a dormant spray on woody plants. Shall not be used as a dust suppressant.
Dust suppressants Non-synthetic substances, or substances listed in Tables 4.2 and 4.3, such as Lignin sulphonate, Molasses and Vegetable oils are permitted.

Petroleum products are prohibited.

Extractants Permitted extractants include non-synthetic substances such as cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except as specified in the annotations of substances listed in Table 4.3.
Ferric phosphate (iron ortho-phosphate, iron phosphate) Permitted as a molluscicide.

Shall be used in such a manner that runoff into water bodies is prevented.

Contact with crops is prohibited.

Fibre row covers Shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose; shall be removed at the end of the growing season.
Formulants Formulants may be used in conjunction with substances listed in Table 4.3 as follows:
  1. a) Formulants classified in PMRA List 4A or 4B or non-synthetic may be used with the following substances: adhesives for sticky traps and barriers, ammonium carbonate, baits, borate, boric acid, pesticides, dormant oils, hydrogen peroxide and soaps.
  2. b) Formulants classified in PMRA List 3 may be used with passive pheromone dispensers.
  3. c) Formulants used with all other substances listed in Table 4.3 shall be non-synthetic unless specified in the annotation as being permitted.
Growth regulators for plants Non-synthetic plant hormones, such as gibberellic acid, indoleacetic acid and cytokinins, are permitted.
Homeopathic preparations No annotation.
Hormones See Table 4.3 Growth regulators for plants.
Hydrated lime For plant disease control.
Hydrogen peroxide Permitted for use as a fungicide.
Kaolin clay Kaolin clay and calcined kaolin clay. Addition of synthetic chemicals to kaolin clay during calcination is prohibited.
Lignin sulphonates Lignosulphonic acid, calcium lignosulphate and sodium lignosulphate.

Permitted as a chelating agent, as a formulant ingredient and as a dust suppressant.

Ammonium lignosulphate is prohibited.

Lime sulphur (calcium polysulphide) Permitted on plants as:
  1. a) a fungicide;
  2. b) an insecticide; and
  3. c) an acaricide (mite control).
Magnesium chloride Non-synthetic sources.
Mulches Organic plant residues may be used for mulching. If organic plant materials are not readily available, non-organic, non-genetically engineered sources of straw, leaves, grass clippings or hay may be used. Prohibited substances shall not have been used on these materials for at least 60 days before harvest.

Sawdust, wood chips and shavings may be used for mulching if they are obtained or derived from wood that has not been treated with paint or prohibited substances.

Newspaper and paper mulch: glossy paper and coloured ink are prohibited.

Plastic mulches: Non-biodegradable and semi-biodegradable materials shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose. Use of polyvinyl chloride as plastic mulch or row cover is prohibited.

Biodegradable mulches: 100% of biodegradable mulch films shall be derived from bio-based sources. Formulants or ingredients shall be listed in Tables 4.2 or 4.3. Biodegradable polymers and Carbon Black from GE or petroleum sources are not permitted. As a temporary exemption, biodegradable mulch film used on organic farms in 2014 but which do not meet the petroleum source requirement may be used without removal until January 1, 2017.

Nitrogen For controlled atmosphere storage.
Oxygen For controlled atmosphere storage.
Peracetic (peroxyacetic) acid Permitted for:
  1. a) controlling fire blight bacteria; and
  2. b) disinfecting seed and asexually propagated planting material.

See Table 4.3 Seed treatments; Table 4.3 Treated seeds.

pH buffers Shall be non-synthetic, such as citric acid or vinegar.

Lye and sulphuric acid are prohibited.

Pheromones and other semiochemicals Synthetic and non-synthetic pheromones and semiochemicals are permitted.

For pest control. Use in pheromone traps or passive dispensers.

Plant extracts, oils and preparations Permitted extractants include: cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water.Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited except with, in order of preference:
  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) or sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

For pest control (disease, weed and insect).

Clove oil is permitted for sprout inhibition in potatoes. Non-synthetic substances including, but not limited to: calcium carbonate, diatomaceous earth, kaolin clay, pine oil, pine resin and yucca. White wash is permitted for use on trees to protect against sunburn and southwest disease.

Plant protectants Shall be used to protect plants from harsh environmental conditions, such as frost and sunburn, infection, the buildup of dirt on leaf surfaces, or injury by a pest.
Plastic for row covers and solarization Non-biodegradable and semi-biodegradable materials shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose.

Use of polyvinyl chloride as plastic mulch or row cover is prohibited.

Potassium bicarbonate Permitted for pest and disease control in greenhouses and other crops.
Pyrethrum Shall be combined with acceptable formulants listed in Table 4.3.

See Table 4.3 Botanical pesticides for restrictions.

Quick lime
(calcium oxide)
Shall not be used as a fertilizer or as a soil amendment.
Repellents Shall be derived from a non-synthetic source, such as sterilized blood meal, rotten eggs, hair or predator scents. Shall not contain synthetic additives.
Salt Non-synthetic sources of sodium chloride and calcium chloride.

For disease control and prevention in mushroom production.

Seaweed and seaweed products See Table 4.3 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.
Seed treatments Microbial products, kelp, yucca, gypsum, clays and botanicals.

See Table 4.3 Peracetic Acid; Table 4.3 Treated seeds.

Shell from aquatic animals Includes chitin.
Soaps Soaps (including insecticidal soaps) shall consist of fatty acids derived from animal or vegetable oils.
Soaps, ammonium

As a large animal repellent.

Direct contact with soil or edible portion of crop is prohibited.

Sodium bicarbonate For pest and disease control. In greenhouses and for other crops.
Sodium silicate For tree fruit and fibre processing.
Sterile insects See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.
Sugar Organic sugar may be used as an ingredient in a crop production aid.
Sulphur smoke bombs Use of sulphur smoke bombs shall be permitted in conjunction with other methods used for rodent control when a full pest control program is maintained but temporarily overwhelmed.
Sulphur, elemental For foliar use.
Summer oils On foliage, as suffocating or stylet oils.
Surfactants Non-synthetic substances.

See Table 4.3 Soaps; table 4.3 Vegetable oils; Table 4.2 Wetting agents.

Transplant and potting media Shall be composed entirely of permitted substances.
Treated seed Seed treated with biological management agents is permitted.

Seed pelletized with clay, gypsum, biological organisms (such as Rhizobium) or other non-synthetic coatings is permitted. Plastic polymer pelletization of seed is prohibited.

See Table 4.3 Peracetic acid; Table 4.3 Seed treatments.

Tree seals Plant or milk-based paints are permitted. Shall not be combined with fungicides or other synthetic chemicals.

See Table 4.3 Plant Protectants.

For planting stock: synthetic grafting materials are permitted, provided that plants are maintained in accordance with requirements of CAN/CGSB-32.310 for at least 12 months prior to harvest of organic products.

Vegetable oils

Plant oils shall not contain synthetic pesticides.

For use as spreader-stickers, surfactants and carriers.

Vinegar
(acetic acid)
Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 4.3 Acetic acid.

Virus sprays No annotation.
Water No annotation.
Water, recycled Recycled water shall only contain substances listed in Tables 4.2, 4.3, 7.3 and 7.4.

Recycled wash water from all organic operations, including dairy operations, may be spread on crop lands. Requirements for land application, as specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, shall be met. In all other uses, recycled water shall meet applicable irrigation water regulatory requirements.

Wetting agents Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents, are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Soaps.

5 Permitted substances lists for livestock production

5.1 Classification

5.1.1 Livestock production substances are classified according to the following uses and applications:

  1. a) Feed, feed additives and feed supplements;
  2. b) Health care products and production aids — Health care products include medications, remedies, parasiticides and other substances used to maintain or restore the well-being of an animal. Production aids include all other substances used on animals and their living areas, such as bedding, teat seals and dips.

5.1.2 Substances listed in Tables 5.2 and 5.3 shall comply with prohibitions in 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310. The following additional requirements apply to substances produced on substrates or growth media (for example, micro-organisms and lactic acid):

  1. a) if the substance includes the substrate or growth media, the substrate or growth media ingredients shall be listed in Tables 5.2 or 5.3;
  2. b) if the substance does not include the substrates or growth media, the substance shall be produced on non-genetically engineered substrate or growth media, if commercially available.

Note: In Canada, livestock feed must meet the compositional and labelling standards of the Feeds Regulations, 1983. Ingredients used in livestock feed must be approved and listed in Schedule IV or V of the Feeds Regulations, 1983. Some ingredients and products require registration (such as enzymes and milk replacers).

Table 5.2 - Feed, feed additives and feed supplements
Substance name(s) Origin and usage
Amino acids Non-synthetic sources. Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms and are extracted, or isolated, by hydrolysis or by physical or other non-chemical means.

Exceptions:

  1. a) L-lysine extracted using biofermentation and not produced from genetically engineered organisms shall be permitted if the need to supplement hog or poultry feed with lysine can be demonstrated; and
  2. b) DL-methionine, DL-methionine—hydroxy analog and DL-methionine—hydroxy analog calcium 15 (CAS#’s 59-51-8, 853-91-5, 4857-44-7, and 922-50-9) may be used in organic poultry production.

Note: These exceptions shall be reviewed at the next full revision of the standard.

Antioxidants Non-synthetic sources.

Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Diatomaceous earth Approved as an anti-caking agent in feed to a maximum of 2% of the total diet.
Energy feeds and forage concentrates (grains) and roughages (hay, silage, fodder, straw)

Shall be obtained from organic sources. May include silage preservation products.

See Table 5.2 Hay or silage preservation products.

Enzymes Non-synthetic enzymes are permitted, including bromelain, catalase—bovine liver, ficin, animal lipase, malt, pancreatin, pepsin, trypsin, proteases and carbohydrases.

Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages.

Hay or silage preservation products Preference should be given to bacterial or enzymatic additives derived from bacteria, fungi and plants and food by-products (such as molasses and whey).

The following acids may be used: lactic, propionic and formic.

Micro-organisms and yeasts If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, non-synthetic yeast sources, including yeast autolysate, shall be used.
Milk replacer Shall be organic if commercially available.

Permitted for emergency use. Without antibiotics and animal fats or by-products.

Minerals, trace minerals, elements Non-synthetic chelated or sulphated minerals. Examples include oyster shell, calcium choride or magnesium oxide.

Synthetic nutrient minerals may be used if non-synthetic sources are not commercially available.

Molasses Shall be organic.
Pre-mixes Concentrated mixture of minerals and vitamins.

From organic sources if commercially available.

All ingredients in pre-mixes shall be essential for animal nutrition, and listed in Table 5.2. Non GE fillers, for example rice hulls, may be non-organic.

Probiotics Probiotics may be administered orally, as dietary supplements, via pharmaceutical preparations in the form of capsules, tablets, alginate gels, or dry powder.
Protein feeds Shall be from organic sources.
Seaweed meal No annotation.
Vitamins Permitted for enrichment or fortification.
Table 5.3 - Health care products and production aids
Substance name(s) Origin and usage
Acetylsalicylic acid Aspirin.
Acids for water treatments Non-synthetic acids may be used on farm to neutralize the pH of livestock drinking water.
Activated charcoal Shall be of plant origin.
Alcohol, ethyl
(ethanol)
Permitted as a disinfectant and sanitizer.
Alcohol, isopropyl Permitted as a disinfectant.
Antibiotics See 6.6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, for conditions pertaining to antibiotic use in livestock.

See Table 5.3 Antibiotics, oxytetracycline.

Antibiotics, oxytetracycline For emergency use for bees. The equipment shall be destroyed, in accordance with 7.1.15.7 of CAN/CGSB-32.310; treated bees do not need to be destroyed if they are taken out oforganic production.
Anti-inflammatories Such as ketoprofen. Preference shall be given to non-synthetic alternatives.

To reduce inflammation.

Biologics, including vaccines No annotation.
Botanical compounds Botanical preparations, such as atropine, butorphanol and other medicines from herbaceous plants shall be used according to label specifications.
Calcium borogluconate For milk fever. No withdrawal period required.
Chlorohexidine For surgical procedures conducted by a veterinarian. To be used as a post-milking teat dip when alternative germicidal agents and physical barriers have lost their effectiveness.
Colostral whey Probiotic.
Colostrum Shall be organic if commercially available.
Copper sulphate As an essential nutrient (source of copper and sulphur) and for topical use (foot baths).
Diatomaceous earth For use in control of external parasites.
Electrolytes Including, but not limited to: CMPK (Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium), calcium propionate and calcium sulphate. Shall not contain antibiotics.

Orally or by injection.

Formic acid For apicultural use, to control parasitic mites. This substance may be used after the last honey harvest of the season and shall be discontinued 30 days before the addition of honey supers.
Formulants
(inerts, excipients)
Shall be used in conjunction with substances listed in Table 5.3.
Glucose No annotation.
Glycerol
(glycerine, glycerin)
Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Shall be from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils.

Shall be produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.

Homeopathy and biotherapies No annotation.
Honey Shall be organic.
Hydrogen peroxide Pharmaceutical grade hydrogen peroxide is permitted for external use (disinfectant).

Food-grade hydrogen peroxide is permitted for internal use (for example, added to livestock drinking water).

Iodine If used as a topical disinfectant: permitted iodine sources include potassium iodide and elemental iodine.

If used as a cleaning agent: non-elemental iodine shall be used; iodine shall not exceed 5% solution by volume (example: iodophors). Use shall be followed by a hot-water rinse.

Iron products May be supplied by ferric phosphate, ferric pyrophosphate, ferrous lactate, ferrous sulphate, iron carbonate, iron gluconate, iron oxide, iron phosphate, iron sulphate or reduced iron.
Lime, hydrated Shall not be used to deodorize animal wastes.
Local anesthetics Such as lidocaine. Preference shall be given to non-synthetic alternatives.

Use shall be followed by withdrawal periods of 90 days for livestock intended for slaughter, and seven days for dairy animals.

Magnesium sulphate Mined sources. A source of magnesium and sulphur.
Mineral oil For external use.
Minerals, trace minerals, elements Non-synthetic chelated or sulphated minerals. Examples include oyster shell, calcium choride and magnesium oxide.

Synthetic nutrient minerals may be used if non-synthetic sources are not commercially available.

Minerals from any source are permitted for medical use.

Micro-organisms and yeasts If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, non-synthetic yeast sources, including yeast autolysate, shall be used.
Oxalic acid For mite control in honeybee colonies.
Oxytocin For post-parturition therapeutic use. Meat from treated animals will not lose its organic status. See 6.6.10 d) of CAN/CGSB-32.310, for criteria pertaining to the mandatory withdrawal period.
Paraffin Shall be food-grade. For use in hives.
Parasiticides and anti-microbials Shall respect requirements set out in 6.6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 with regard to the use of internal parasiticides.
Physical teat seals Synthetic and non-synthetic ingredients are permitted. Shall be free from antibiotics.

For post-lactation use. Shall be completely removed prior to nursing or milking.

Shall be prescribed and administered under veterinary supervision.

Plant oils To control external parasites.
Prebiotics From organic sources if commercially available.
Probiotics Probiotics may be administered orally, as dietary supplements, via pharmaceutical preparations in the form of capsules, tablets, alginate gels, or dry powder.
Sodium Hydroxide For use in dehorning paste.
Sedatives Such as xylazine.
Selenium products Derived from sodium selenate or sodium selenite.

May be used to address documented deficiencies in the stock, soils or feed supplies.

See Table 5.3 Minerals, trace minerals, elements.

Sulphur For control of external parasites.
Vaccines See Table 5.3 Biologics, including vaccines.
Vitamins Vitamin formulants that comply with Canadian regulations are accepted.

Orally, topically or by injection.

6 Permitted substances lists for preparation

6.1 Classification

Processing substances are classified according to the following uses and applications:

  1. a) Food additives (see definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310);
  2. b) Other ingredients not considered to be food additives;
  3. c) Processing aids (see definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310).

6.2 Restrictions

6.2.1 Substances listed in Tables 6.3, 6.4 and 6.5 shall comply with prohibitions in 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310. The following additional requirements apply to substances produced on substrates or growth media (for example, micro-organisms and lactic acid):

  1. a) if the substance includes the substrates or growth media, the substrate or growth media ingredients shall be listed in Table 6.3, 6.4 or 6.5;
  2. b) if the substance does not include the substrates or growth media, the substance shall be produced on non-genetically engineered substrates or growth media, if commercially available.

6.2.2 Organic commercial availability requirements specified in the substance listing annotations of Tables 6.3 - 6.5 apply to substances used in products composed of 95% or more organic content.

6.2.3 Non-synthetic commercial availability requirements specified in the substance listing annotations of Tables 6.3 - 6.5 apply to substances used in organic products composed of 70% or more organic content.

Table 6.3 - Ingredients classified as food additives
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Acids

Including the following sources:

  1. a) alginic;
  2. b) citric—from fruit and vegetable products or produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrate substances; and
  3. c) lactic.

Activated charcoal

Shall be of plant origin. Prohibited for use in the production of maple syrup.

Agar

See Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Alginates

The following alginates are permitted:

  1. a) alginic acid;
  2. b) potassium alginate; and
  3. c) sodium alginate.

Ammonium bicarbonate

As a leavening agent.

Ammonium carbonate

As a leavening agent.

Anhydrous sulphur dioxide, sulphurous acid (sulphur dioxide, SO2)

Sulphites from SO2 bottled gas as liquid SO2 or liberated from ignition of asbestos-free sulphur wicks are permitted.

For use as a preservative in alcoholic beverages; minimal use of SO2 is recommended.

Maximum allowable levels of SO2 in parts per million (ppm) are:

  1. a) in alcoholic beverages containing less than 5% residual sugar, 100 ppm and 30 ppm for total and free sulphites, respectively;
  2. b) in alcoholic beverages containing 5%-10% residual sugar, 150 ppm and 35 ppm for total and free sulphites, respectively; and
  3. c) in alcoholic beverages containing more than 10% or more residual sugar, 250 ppm and 45 ppm for total and free sulphites, respectively.

Argon

No annotation.

Ascorbic acid
(vitamin C)

No annotation.

Calcium carbonate

Prohibited for use as a colouring agent.

Calcium chloride

Permitted for:

  1. a) milk products;
  2. b) fat products;
  3. c) soybean products; and
  4. d) fruits and vegetables.

Calcium citrate

No annotation.

Calcium phosphates (mono-, di-, and tri-basic forms)

No annotation.

Calcium sulphate (gypsum)

Mined sources;  calcium sulphate produced using sulphuric acid is prohibited.

Carbon dioxide

Carbonation of wine or mead is prohibited.

Carrageenan
(Irish moss)

Derived using substances in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Colouring agents

Obtained from non-synthetic sources.

Derived using substances in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Enzymes

The following sources of enzymes are permitted:

  1. a) any preparations of enzymes normally used in food processing derived from edible, non-toxic plants, non-pathogenic fungi or non-pathogenic bacteria.
  2. b) derived from animals—shall be organic if commercially available: rennet; catalase from bovine liver; animal lipase; pancreatin; pepsin; and trypsin. Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages;
  3. c) egg white lysozyme.

Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids

The following may be used to derive substances listed in Tables 5.2, 6.3, 6.4 and 6.5:

  1. a) water;
  2. b) culinary steam, as described in 8.1.2 b) of CAN/CGSB-32.310;
  3. c) fats, oils and alcohols other than isopropyl alcohol;
  4. d) supercritical CO2; and
  5. e) substances listed in Tables 6.3-6.5 of this standard.

Gelatine

Shall be organic if commercially available.

Gelatine may be sourced from:

  1. a) plants; or
  2. b) animals. If derived from cattle, gelatine shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

Glucono delta lactone

Production by the oxidation of D-glucose with bromine water is prohibited.

Glycerides
(mono and diglycerides)

From organic sources if commercially available.

For use in drum drying of products.

Glycerol
(glycerine, glycerin)

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Shall be from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils.

Shall be produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.

Gums

The following gums are permitted: arabic gum, carob bean gum (locust bean gum), gellan gum, guar gum, karaya gum, tragacanth gum, and xanthan gum.

Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids. By exception, isopropyl alcohol may also be used to derive gums.

Kelp and kelp products

For use as a thickener and dietary supplement.

Lecithin

Shall be organic if commercially available. Bleached form is permitted if processed using food-grade hydrogen peroxide.

Magnesium carbonate

For use in meat products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients, as an anti-caking agent in non-standardized dry mixes (example: seasonings).

Magnesium chloride

Derived from seawater.

Magnesium stearate

If non-synthetic magnesium stearate is not commercially available, synthetic sources of magnesium stearate are permitted.

For use as an anti-caking or releasing agent in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

Magnesium sulphate

No annotation.

Malic acid

No annotation.

Meat curing agents

Extracts, juice or cultured powder of celery or chard are permitted.

Shall be organic if commercially available.

Ozone

No annotation.

Pectin

High-methoxyl and low-methoxyl pectin sources are permitted.

Potassium acid tartrate
(KC4H5O6)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

Potassium carbonates
(mono- and bi-)

No annotation.

Potassium chloride

Non-synthetic sources.

Potassium citrate

No annotation.

Potassium metabisulphite

See Anhydrous sulphur dioxide, sulphurous acid (sulphur dioxide, SO2).

Potassium phosphate
(mono-, di-, and tribasic forms)

For use in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

Potassium tartrate
(K2C4H4O6. INS 336)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

Silicon dioxide

No annotation.

Sodium acid pyrophosphate

For use as a leavening agent.

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

Sodium carbonate
(soda ash)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

Sodium chloride

No annotation.

Sodium citrate

Non-synthetic sources.

Sodium hydroxide (lye or caustic soda)

No annotation.

Sodium phosphates

For use in dairy products.

Tartaric acid
(C4H6O6. INS 334)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

For beverages.

Tocopherols and mixed natural concentrates

Derived from vegetable oil when rosemary extracts are not a suitable alternative.

Vegetable oils

Shall be organic if commercially available. Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Maple syrup production—vegetable oils shall be organic and without allergenic potential.

Waxes

Applied to fresh produce—only organic wax or carnauba wax is permitted.

Applications other than fresh produce—If organic waxes, such as beeswax, are not commercially available, non-synthetic waxes, such as carnauba wax, shall be used.

See Table 6.5 Waxes.

Yeast

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, these non-synthetic sources of yeast may be used:

  1. a) autolysate;
  2. b) bakers' (may contain lecithin, as listed in Table 6.3);
  3. c) brewers';
  4. d) nutritional; and
  5. e) smoked.

Growth on petrochemical substrate and sulphite waste liquor is prohibited.

Non-synthetic smoke flavouring process shall be documented.

Yeast foods

For use in alcoholic beverages:

  1. a) potassium chloride—permitted for ale, beer, light beer, malt liquor, porter and stout; and
  2. b) dibasic ammonium phosphate (diammonium phosphate, DAP), restricted to 0.3 g/L (0.04 oz./gal.)—permitted for cider, mead and wine.
Table 6.4 - Ingredients not classified as food additives
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Collagen casings

Collagen shall be derived from animal sources. If derived from cattle, collagen shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

Other ingredients (such as, but not limited to: cellulose, calcium coatings, glycerin, etc.) added to collagen casings during their manufacture which remain in the collagen casing when it is used shall respect the requirement provided in 1.4 a) of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

Permitted for poultry sausage.

Cultures

See Table 6.4 Micro-organisms.

Flavours

Derived from non-synthetic sources (such as plants, meat, seafood, micro-organisms, etc.) using approved methods (see clause 10 of CAN/CGSB-32.310), and substances (see Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids).

Micro-organisms

Includes starter and dairy cultures and other preparations of micro-organisms normally used in product processing.

Ingredients used for micro-organism preparations: non-synthetic substrates (such as milk, lactose, soy, etc.) are permitted. Other ingredients used in micro-organism preparations (such as carriers, anti-caking agents and fillers, etc.) shall be listed in Tables 6.3 or 6.4.

Operators shall obtain documentation from the manufacturer identifying any synthetic substances (such as preservatives, cryo-protectants, etc.) included in micro-organism preparations.

Nitrogen

Shall be food-grade quality.

Oxygen

No annotation.

Potassium iodide

From non-synthetic sources.

Shall be used when legally required. Synthetic potassium iodide is permitted for use in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

Salt

Substances listed in Tables 6.3 or 6.4 may be added to mined or sea salt.

See Table 6.3 Sodium chloride; Table 6.3 Potassium chloride.

See definition of Salt in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

Smoke flavour

See Table 6.3 Yeast.

Starch

From rice and waxy maize—Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids, where applicable. Starch shall not be modified by chemicals. Starch may be modified using physical or enzymatic methods.

Cornstarch—May contain substances that are plant-derived and/or listed in Tables 6.3 - 6.5.

Vitamins and mineral nutrients

Shall be used if legally required.

The following non-dairy substitute products may be fortified on a voluntary basis, if legally permitted: plant-based beverages, products that resemble cheese, and butter substitutes.

Ferrous sulphate—Shall be used if legally required and may be used, on a voluntary basis, if legally permitted.

Yeast

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, these non-synthetic sources of yeast may be used:

  1. a) autolysate;
  2. b) bakers' (may contain lecithin, as listed in Table 6.3);
  3. c) brewers';
  4. d) nutritional; and
  5. e) smoked.

Growth on petrochemical substrate and sulphite waste liquor is prohibited.

Non-synthetic smoke flavouring process shall be documented.

Table 6.5 - Processing aids
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Acer pennsylvanicum

As an anti-foaming agent in maple syrup production.

Activated charcoal

Shall be of plant origin. Prohibited for use in the production of maple syrup.

Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)

Shall be organic if commercially available.

Argon

No annotation.

Ascorbic acid
(vitamin C)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

For use as an anti-browning agent prior to the extraction or concentration of fruit or vegetable juice.

Bentonite

No annotation.

Calcium carbonate

No annotation.

Calcium hydroxide (lime)

No annotation.

Calcium sulphate (gypsum)

Sulphates produced using sulphuric acid are prohibited.

May be used:

  1. a) as a carrier for cakes and biscuits;
  2. b) for soybean products; and
  3. c) for bakers’ yeast.

Carbon dioxide

No annotation.

Carrageenan
(Irish moss)

Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers.

Casein

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Non-organic casein shall be derived from the milk of animals not treated with rBGH (recombinant bovine growth hormone).

Clay dust

As a filtering agent in maple syrup production.

Cellulose

As a filtering aid (non-chlorine bleached) and for use in inedible regenerative sausage casings.

Diatomaceous earth

As a food filtering aid or as a clarifying agent.

Enzymes

The following sources of enzymes are permitted:

  1. a) any preparations of enzymes normally used in food processing derived from edible, non-toxic plants, non-pathogenic fungi or non-pathogenic bacteria;
  2. b) animal-derived—shall be organic if commercially available: rennet; catalase from bovine liver; animal lipase; pancreatin; pepsin; and trypsin. Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages;
  3. c) egg white lysozyme.

Ethylene

For post-harvest ripening of tropical fruit and degreening of citrus.

Gelatine

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Permitted sources are:

  1. a) plants; and
  2. b) animals. Animal gelatine may be used in preparations of canned meat or as a gelling agent for gummed candy. If derived from cattle, gelatine shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

Isinglass

As a fining agent (fish-based).

Kaolin

As a clarifying agent.

Lecithin

Shall be organic if commercially available. Bleached form is permitted if processed using food-grade hydrogen peroxide.

Nitrogen

Shall be food-grade quality.

Oxygen

No annotation.

Ozone

No annotation.

Perlite

For use as a filtering aid.

Potassium carbonate

No annotation.

Potassium hydroxide
(caustic potash)

For pH adjustment. Prohibited for use in lye peeling of fruits and vegetables.

Silica

As a filtering agent (food-grade powder) in maple syrup production.

Silicon dioxide

No annotation.

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

Sodium hydroxide
(lye or caustic soda)

Prohibited for use in lye peeling of fruits and vegetables.

Talc

As a filtering agent.

Tannic acid

Shall be from an organic source if commercially available. Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Permitted as a filtration aid for wines.

Tartaric acid
(C4H6O6. INS 334)

Shall be from non-synthetic sources.

For beverages.

Vegetable oils

From organic sources if commercially available. Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Maple syrup production—vegetable oils shall be organic and without allergenic potential.

Waxes

If organic waxes, such as beeswax, are not commercially available, non-synthetic sources of wax, such as carnauba wax, shall be used.

By exception, paraffin wax may be used to coat cheese, if other non-synthetic waxes are not commercially available. Use of microcrystalline wax, either alone or in formulations with paraffin wax, is prohibited. Wax cheese coatings, except for organic waxes, must be removable and considered inedible, and shall not include synthetic preservatives, synthetic colors, or any bactericide or fungicide.

7 Permitted substances lists for cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers

7.1 Classification

7.1.1 The cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers listed below are used to remove dirt, filth and foreign matter from organic products and organic product contact surfaces. These substances are also used to control micro-organisms that may contaminate products. The use of these substances may require a removal event, as defined in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

7.1.2 They are classified as follows:

  1. a) food-grade cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers permitted without a mandatory removal event;
  2. b) cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers permitted on organic product contact surfaces, for which a removal event is mandatory prior to an organic production load or run.

7.1.3 Substances listed on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) shall be listed in Tables 7.3 or 7.4. To be eligible for use without a removal event, the ingredients of a product used to clean, disinfect or sanitize shall be listed in Table 7.3 if they appear on a SDS and/or a product label. Substances listed in Tables 7.3 and 7.4 shall comply with prohibitions in 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

7.2 

Clause 7 does not apply to maple syrup production. The operator shall meet the specific requirements for the different stages of production as described in 7.2 of CAN/CGSB 32.310.

Table 7.3 - Food-grade cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers
permitted without a mandatory removal event
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Acetic acid

Non-synthetic sources are permitted on organic products.

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources may be used on organic product contact surfaces.

Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)

On organic product contact surfaces.

Alcohol, isopropyl

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources are permitted on organic product contact surfaces.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Non-synthetic sources are permitted on organic product contact surfaces.

Chlorine compounds

The following chlorine compounds are permitted:

  1. a) calcium hypochlorite;
  2. b) chlorine dioxide;
  3. c) sodium hypochlorite.

Shall not exceed maximum levels for safe drinking water.

Chlorine compounds may be used:

  1. a) for wash water in direct contact with crops or food;
  2. b) in flush water from cleaning irrigation systems, equipment, and storage and/or transport units—application to crops or fields is permitted.

Citric acid

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources are permitted.

Glycerol
(glycerine, glycerin)

Shall be:

  1. a) sourced from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils;
  2. b) produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.

Hydrogen peroxide

No annotation.

Ozone

No annotation.

Peracetic (peroxyacetic) acid

On food and plants: peracetic acid may be used in wash or rinse water.

Peracetic acid may also be used on food contact surfaces.

Potassium bicarbonate

On organic product contact surfaces.

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 7.4 Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), synthetic.

Sodium carbonate
(soda ash)

Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 7.4 Sodium carbonate (soda ash), synthetic.

Sodium citrate

Non-synthetic sources.

Sodium hydroxide
(lye or caustic soda)

No annotation.

Vinegar

No annotation.
Table 7.4 - Cleaners, disinfectants and sanitizers permitted on organic product contact surfaces
for which a removal event is mandatory
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Chlorine compounds

The following chlorine compounds are permitted up to maximum label rates:

  1. a) calcium hypochlorite;
  2. b) chlorine dioxide; and
  3. c) sodium hypochlorite.

Detergents

Detergents shall be biodegradable (see Biodegradable definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310).

Iodine

Shall be non-elemental. Shall not exceed 5% solution by volume (example: iodophors).

Lime

All forms of lime, including calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide and calcium oxide.

Phosphoric acid

On dairy equipment.

Potassium carbonate

Documentation shall demonstrate that effluent discharge was neutralized to minimize negative environmental impact.

Potassium hydroxide
(caustic potash)

No annotation.

Potassium permanganate

Not to exceed 1% solution by volume.

Soap-based algicide
(demossers)

No annotation.

Soaps

Soaps shall consist of fatty acids derived from animal or vegetable oils.

Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), synthetic

No annotation.

Sodium borate

No annotation.

Sodium carbonate (soda ash), synthetic

No annotation.

Sodium citrate

No annotation.

Sodium percarbonate

No annotation.

Sodium silicate

In detergents.

See Table 7.4 Detergents.

Surfactants

See Table 7.4 Detergents; Table 7.4 Soaps.

Wetting agents

Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents.

See Table 7.4 Detergents; Table 7.4 Soaps.

8 Facility management substances

8.1 Classification

8.1.1 Facility management substances are classified according to the following uses and applications:

  1. a) Substances listed in Table 8.2 are pesticides (See pesticides definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310) that shall be used in and around facilities, as annotated and as specified in 8.3.2 of CAN/CGSB-32.310. These substances may be used in traps, lures and as repellents, unless indicated otherwise within substance annotations.
  2. b) Substances listed in Table 8.3 shall be used in facilities as annotated, to accomplish a physiological effect post-harvest.
Table 8.2 - Facility pest management substances
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Ammonium carbonate

As an attractant in insect traps.

Boric acid

May be used for structural pest control (example: for ants).

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

Carbon dioxide

No annotation.

Cholecalciferol
(vitamin D3)

Prohibited inside organic food processing and food storage facilities.

Diatomaceous earth

No annotation.

Neem oil

No annotation.

Pyrethrins

Without piperonyl butoxide as a carrier.

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

Soaps, ammonium

As a large animal repellent.

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

Table 8.3 - Post-harvest substances
Substance name(s) Origin and usage

Carbon dioxide

For controlled atmosphere storage.

Clove oil

As a sprout inhibitor.

Ethylene

For post-harvest ripening of tropical fruit and degreening of citrus.

Nitrogen

For controlled atmosphere storage.

Oxygen

No annotation.

Annex A (informative)

Alphabetized list of substances

Table A.1 - List of permitted substances in alphabetical order
Substance name(s) Origin and usage Referenced in table

Acer pennsylvanicum

As an anti-foaming agent in maple syrup production.

6.5

Acetic acid

Non-synthetic sources.

As an adjuvant, a pH regulator and for weed control.

4.3

Acetic acid

Non-synthetic sources are permitted on organic products.

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources may be used on organic product contact surfaces.

7.3

Acetylsalicylic acid

Aspirin.

5.3

Acids

Including the following sources:

  1. a) alginic;
  2. b) citric—from fruit and vegetable products or produced by microbial fermentation of carbohydrate substances; and
  3. c) lactic.
6.3

Acids for water treatments

Non-synthetic acids may be used on farm to neutralize the pH of livestock drinking water.

5.3

Activated charcoal

Shall be of plant origin.

5.3

Activated charcoal

Shall be of plant origin. Prohibited for use in the production of maple syrup.

6.3

Activated charcoal

Shall be of plant origin. Prohibited for use in the production of maple syrup.

6.5

Adhesives for sticky traps and barriers

No annotation. 4.3

Agar

For use in initial mushroom spawn production.

4.2

Agar

See Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

6.3

Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)

Shall be organic if commercially available.

6.5

Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)

On organic product contact surfaces.

7.3

Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol)

Permitted as a disinfectant and sanitizer.

5.3

Alcohol, isopropyl

Permitted as a disinfectant.

5.3

Alcohol, isopropyl

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources may be used on organic product contact surfaces.

7.3

Alfalfa meal and pellets

Shall be organic if commercially available.

4.2

Algae

See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.

4.2

Alginates

  1. a) alginic acid;
  2. b) potassium alginate; and
  3. c) sodium alginate.
6.3

Amino acids

Shall be from non-synthetic sources.Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are:

  1. a) produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms; and
  2. b) extracted or isolated either by hydrolysis or by other non-chemical means. (example: physical extraction).

May be used as plant growth regulators or chelating agents.

4.2

Amino acids

Shall be from non-synthetic sources. Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are:

  1. a) produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms; and
  2. b) extracted or isolated either by hydrolysis or by other non-chemical means. (example: physical extraction).

May be used as plant growth regulators or chelating agents.

4.3

Amino acids

Non-synthetic sources. Amino acids are considered non-synthetic if they are produced by plants, animals and micro-organisms and are extracted, or isolated, by hydrolysis or by physical or other non-chemical means.

Exceptions:

  1. a) L-lysine extracted using biofermentation and not produced from genetically engineered organisms shall be permitted if the need to supplement hog or poultry feed with lysine can be demonstrated; and
  2. b) DL-methionine, DL-methionine—hydroxy analog and DL-methionine—hydroxy analog calcium 15 (CAS#’s 59-51-8, 853-91-5, 4857-44-7, and 922-50-9) may be used in organic poultry production.

NOTE: These exceptions shall be reviewed at the next full revision of the standard

5.2

Ammonium bicarbonate

For use as a leavening agent.

6.3

Ammonium carbonate

As an attractant in insect traps.

4.3

Ammonium carbonate

For use as a leavening agent.

6.3

Ammonium carbonate

As an attractant in insect traps.

8.2

Anhydrous sulphur dioxide, sulphurous acid (sulphur dioxide, SO2)

Sulphites from SO2 bottled gas as liquid SO2 or liberated from ignition of asbestos-free sulphur wicks are permitted.

For use as a preservative in alcoholic beverages; minimal use of SO2 is recommended.

Maximum allowable levels of SO2 in parts per million (ppm) are:

  1. a) in alcoholic beverages containing less than 5% residual sugar, 100 ppm and 30 ppm for total sulphites and free sulphites, respectively;
  2. b) in alcoholic beverages containing 5% - 10% residual sugar, 150 ppm and 35 ppm for total and free sulphites, respectively; and
  3. c) in alcoholic beverages containing more than 10% or more residual sugar, 250 ppm and 45 ppm for total and free sulphites, respectively.
6.3

Animal manure

See clauses 5 and 6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

4.2

Animal manure, processed

Manures treated by mechanical and/or physical (including heat) methods are permitted. Other substances listed in Table 4.2 may be added to manures. Manure sources shall conform to requirements specified in 5.5.1 of CAN/CGSB-32.310. The operator shall be able to demonstrate that best practices known to eliminate human pathogens during the treatment have been used or that the requirements in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, have been met.

4.2

Antibiotics

See 6.6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, for conditions pertaining to antibiotic use in livestock. See Table 5.3 Antibiotics, oxytetracycline.

5.3

Antibiotics, oxytetracycline

For emergency use for bees. The equipment shall be destroyed, in accordance with 7.1.15.7 of CAN/CGSB-32.310; treated bees do not need to be destroyed if they are taken out oforganic production.

5.3

Anti-inflammatories

Such as ketoprofen. Preference shall be given to non-synthetic alternatives.

To reduce inflammation.

5.3

Antioxidants

Non-synthetic sources.

Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

5.2

Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products

Non-synthetic extracts are permitted. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except with, in order of preference:

  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

Shall not contain synthetic preservatives, such as formaldehyde.

4.2

Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products

Non-synthetic extracts are permitted. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except with, in order of preference:

  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

Shall not contain synthetic preservatives, such as formaldehyde.

4.3

Argon

No annotation. 6.3

Argon

No annotation. 6.5

Arthropod pathogens

See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.

4.3

Arthropod predators and parasitoids

See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.

4.3

Arthropods

See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.

4.3

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Non-synthetic sources may be used to promote natural growth.

4.3

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Synthetic and non-synthetic sources may be used as a pH regulator.

6.3

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

For use as an anti-browning agent prior to the extraction or concentration of fruit or vegetable juice.

6.5

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Non-synthetic sources are permitted on organic product contact surfaces.

7.3

Ash

Ash shall be from plant and animal sources. Ash containing materials that cannot be verified and that may contain prohibited substances shall not exceed the limits (category C1) for acceptable levels (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead and mercury, as specified in Guidelines for the Beneficial Use of Fertilising Residuals.

Ash from burning minerals, manure, coloured paper, plastics or other synthetic substances is prohibited.

Shall not cause heavy metal buildup in soil through repeated application.

4.2

Baits for rodent traps

Baits shall not contain synthetic substances.

4.3

Bentonite

See Table 4.2 Mined minerals, unprocessed.

4.3

Bentonite

No annotation. 6.5

Biodegradable plant containers

Biodegradable planting containers (for example pots or cellpaks) may be left to decompose in the field if all ingredients are listed in Table 4.2.

4.3

Biochar

Produced through pyrolysis of forestry by-products which have not been treated with or combined with prohibited substances.

Recycled biochar from contaminated remediation sites is prohibited.

4.2

Biodynamic preparations for compost

No annotation. 4.3

Biodynamic preparations for soil and plants

No annotation. 4.2

Biological organisms

Includes worms and their products.

See Table 4.2 Worm castings.

4.2

Biological organisms

Biological organisms (living, dead or as extracts), such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, insects and nematodes. Some examples are Bacillus thuringiensis, spinosad and granulosis.

Used to benefit plant production by reducing pest populations.

4.3

Biologics, including vaccines

No annotation. 5.3

Blood meal

Shall be sterilized.

4.2

Bone meal

Shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

4.2

Borate

Mined sources of sodium tetraborate and octaborate may be used as wood preservatives.

4.3

Boric acid

May be used for structural pest control (example: for ants).

Direct contact with organic food or crops is prohibited.

4.3

Boric acid

May be used for structural pest control (example: for ants).

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

8.2

Boron

The following soluble boron products are permitted:

  1. a) borate;
  2. b) sodium tetraborate (borax and anhydrous); and
  3. c) sodium octaborate.

Shall be used to correct a documented deficiency relative to the type of crop.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Botanical compounds

Botanical preparations, such as atropine, butorphanol and other medicines from herbaceous plants, shall be used according to label specifications.

5.3

Botanical pesticides

Botanical pesticides shall be used in conjunction with a biorational pest management program. They shall not be a farm plan’s primary method of pest control. The least toxic botanicals shall be used in the least ecologically disruptive way possible. All label restrictions and directions shall be followed, including restrictions concerning crops, livestock, target pests, safety precautions, pre-harvest intervals and worker re-entry.

4.3

Calcium

The following calcium products are permitted:

mined calcium carbonate, limestone, dolomite (not slaked), and other non-synthetic sources, including shells from aquatic animals (such as oyster shell flour), aragonite, eggshell meal and lime from sugar processing. Non-synthetic calcium chloride may be used to address nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

Calcium products used in controlled atmosphere storage are prohibited.

Shall not cause salt buildup in soil through repeated application.

See Table 4.2 Calcium sulphate (gypsum).

4.2

Calcium borogluconate

For milk fever. No withdrawal period required.

5.3

Calcium carbonate

Prohibited for use as a colouring agent.

6.3

Calcium carbonate

No annotation. 6.5

Calcium chloride

Non-synthetic, food-grade sources.

To address plant nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

4.3

Calcium chloride

Permitted for:

  1. a) milk products;
  2. b) fat products;
  3. c) soybean products; and
  4. d) fruits and vegetables.
6.3

Calcium citrate

No annotation. 6.3

Calcium hydroxide (lime)

No annotation. 6.5

Calcium lignin sulphonate

See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.

4.3

Calcium phosphates
(mono-, di-, and tri-basic forms)

No annotation.

6.3

Calcium polysulphide

See Table 4.3 Lime sulphur.

4.3

Calcium silicate

Non-synthetic sources.

To address plant nutrient deficiencies and physiological disorders.

4.3

Calcium sulphate (gypsum)

Mined sources; calcium sulphate produced using sulphuric acid is prohibited.

To correct calcium and sulphur deficiencies and soil salinity problems, as documented by visual symptoms or by testing of soil or plant tissue.

4.2

Calcium sulphate (gypsum)

Mined sources; calcium sulphate produced using sulphuric acid is prohibited.

6.3

Calcium sulphate (gypsum)

Sulphates produced using sulphuric acid are prohibited.

May be used:

  1. a. as a carrier for cakes and biscuits;
  2. b. for soybean products; and
  3. c. for bakers’ yeast.
6.5

Cannery wastes

Shall be from organic sources. Non-organic cannery wastes shall be composted.

See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

4.2

Carbon dioxide

For soil and greenhouse use and for controlled atmosphere storage.

4.3

Carbon dioxide

Carbonation of wine or mead is prohibited.

6.3

Carbon dioxide

No annotation. 6.5

Carbon dioxide

No annotation. 8.2

Carbon dioxide

For controlled atmosphere storage.

8.3

Cardboard

Cardboard not be waxed or impregnated with fungicide or probibited substances.

May be used as mulch or compost feedstock.

See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

4.2

Carrageenan
(Irish moss)

Derived using substances in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

6.3

Carrageenan
(Irish moss)

Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

6.5

Casein

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Non-organic casein shall be derived from the milk of animals not treated with rBGH (recombinant bovine growth hormone).

6.5

Cellulose

As a filtering aid (non-chlorine bleached) and for use in inedible regenerative sausage casings.

6.5

Chelates

Non-synthetic and listed synthetic chelates are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.

4.2

Chelates

Non-synthetic and listed synthetic chelates are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Lignin sulphonates.

4.3

Chlorine compounds

The following chlorine compounds are permitted:

  1. a) calcium hypochlorite;
  2. b) chlorine dioxide;
  3. c) sodium hypochlorite.

Shall not exceed maximum levels for safe drinking water.

Chlorine compounds may be used:

  1. a) for wash water in direct contact with crops or food;
  2. b) in flush water from cleaning irrigation systems, equipment, and storage and/or transport units—application to crops or fields is permitted.
7.3

Chlorine compounds

The following chlorine compounds are permitted up to maximum label rates:

  1. a) calcium hypochlorite;
  2. b) chlorine dioxide; and
  3. c) sodium hypochlorite.
7.4

Chlorohexidine

For surgical procedures conducted by a veterinarian. To be used as a post-milking teat dip when alternative germicidal agents and physical barriers have lost their effectiveness.

5.3

Cholecalciferol
(vitamin D3)

May be used outdoors and inside greenhouses for rodent control when methods described in 5.6.1 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 have failed.

Prohibited inside on-farm food processing and food storage facilities.

4.3

Cholecalciferol
(vitamin D3)

Prohibited inside organic food processing and food storage facilities.

8.2

Citric acid

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources may be used as a chelating agent and to adjust pH.

4.3

Citric acid

Non-synthetic and synthetic sources are permitted.

7.3

Clay

Bentonite, perlite and zeolite; as soil amendments or seed pellet additives.

See Table 4.2 Mined minerals, unprocessed.

4.2

Clay dust

As a filtering agent in maple syrup production.

6.5

Clove oil

As a sprout inhibitor.

8.3

Collagen casings

Collagen shall be derived from animal sources. If derived from cattle, collagen shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.

Other ingredients (such as, but not limited to: cellulose, calcium coatings, glycerin, etc.) added to collagen casings during their manufacture which remain in the collagen casing when it is used shall respect the requirement provided in 1.4 a) of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

Permitted for poultry sausage.

6.4

Colostral whey

Probiotic.

5.3

Colostrum

Shall be organic if commercially available.

5.3

Colouring agents

Obtained from non-synthetic sources.

Derived using substances in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

6.3

Compost

Compost produced on the farm is restricted to compost produced on a certified organic farm. Compost from off-farm sources includes every other source, for example: municipal, residential, industrial, or any organic or non organic farm.

See Table 4.2 Compost from off-farm sources; table 4.2 Compost produced on the farm; table 4.2 Compost tea; and table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. For information on compost starters, see Table 4.2. For information on vermicompost, see Table 4.2 Worm castings.

4.2

Compost feedstocks

Acceptable feedstocks include:

  1. a) animal manures conforming to criteria specified in 5.5.1 of CAN/CGSB-32.310;
  2. b) animals, animal products and by-products (including fishery);
  3. c) plants and plant by-products (including forestry and source-separated yard debris, such as grass clippings and leaves), pomaces and cannery wastes;
  4. d) soils and minerals that conform to the requirements of this standard and of CAN/CGSB-32.310; and
  5. e) paper yard waste bags which contain coloured ink.

When evidence indicates that composting feedstocks may contain a substance prohibited by 1.4 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 known to be persistent in compost, documentation or testing of the final product may be required.

The following composting feedstocks are prohibited:

sewage sludge; compost starter and feedstocks fortified with substances not included in this standard; leather by-products; glossy paper; waxed cardboard; paper containing coloured ink other than paper yard waste bags; and animals, animal products and animal by-products not guaranteed free of the risk materials specified in Table 4.2 Bone meal.

4.2

Compost from off-farm sources

Compost obtained from off-farm sources shall conform to the criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. If compost is obtained from another farm, feedstock sources shall be documented. Compost obtained from all other sources shall comply to the following:

  1. a) shall not exceed the maximum acceptable levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead and mercury (mg/kg) and foreign matter outlined for unrestricted use compost (Category A), as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality;
  2. b) shall meet criteria for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; and
  3. c) shall not cause heavy metal buildup in soil through repeated application.
4.2

Compost produced on the farm

Compost produced on the farm shall conform to the criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks. In addition, if made from animal manures or other likely sources of human pathogens, compost produced on the farm shall:

  1. a) reach a temperature of 55°C (130°F) for a period of four consecutive days or more. The compost piles shall be mixed or managed to ensure that all of the feedstock heats to the required temperature for the minimum time; or
  2. b) meet limits for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; or
  3. c) be considered as aged or raw manure rather than compost ,that is, meeting requirements specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.
4.2

Compost tea

Compost tea shall be made from composts that conform to criteria specified in Table 4.2 Compost produced on the farm, Compost from off-farm sources or Worm castings.

Other substances listed in Table 4.2 may be added to compost tea.

If compost tea is applied directly to the edible parts of plants, the operator shall be able to demonstrate that best practices known to eliminate pathogens during the processing have been used OR that the requirements for raw manure, as specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, have been met.

See the Compost tea definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

4.2

Copper

The following copper products may be used to correct documented copper deficiencies: copper sulphate, basic copper sulphate, copper oxide and copper oxysulphate.

Copper ammonia base, copper ammonium carbonate, copper nitrate and cuprous chloride are prohibited.

Shall be used with caution to prevent excessive copper accumulation in the soil. Build up of copper in soil may prohibit future use. Visible residue of copper products on harvested crops is prohibited.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Copper

The following copper products are permitted:

  1. a) for use as a wood preservative or for disease control—copper hydroxide;
  2. b) for use as a fungicide on fruits and vegetables—copper sulphates, Bordeaux mix, copper oxychloride and copper oxide.

Shall be used with caution to prevent excessive copper accumulation in the soil. Copper buildup in soil may prohibit future use.

Visible residue of copper products on harvested crops is prohibited.

4.3

Copper sulphate

As an essential nutrient (source of copper and sulphur) and for topical use (foot baths).

5.3

Cultures

See Table 6.4 Micro-organisms.

6.4

Detergents

Detergents shall be biodegradable (see Biodegradable definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310).

7.4

Diatomaceous earth

Non-heated forms are permitted.

Synthetic pesticides and synergists shall not be added.

4.3

Diatomaceous earth

Approved as an anti-caking agent in feed to a maximum of 2% of the total diet.

5.2

Diatomaceous earth

For use in control of external parasites.

5.3

Diatomaceous earth

As a food filtering aid or as a clarifying agent.

6.5

Diatomaceous earth

No annotation. 8.2

Digestate, anaerobic

Products of anaerobic digestion may be used for soil amendment provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. a) the materials added to the digester shall be listed in Table 4.2. If feedstocks are obtained from off-farm sources, the digestate shall comply with the heavy metal restrictions in Table 4.2 Compost from off-farm sources;
  2. b) the criteria for raw manure land application specified in 5.5.2.3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 shall be met;
  3. c) anaerobic digestate may be used as a compost feedstock if it is added to other substrates which are then composted. See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.
4.2

Dormant oils

For use as a dormant spray on woody plants. Shall not be used as a dust suppressant.

4.3

Dust suppressants

Non-synthetic substances, or substances listed in Tables 4.2 and 4.3 (examples: Lignin sulphonate; Molasses; and Vegetable oils) are permitted.

Petroleum products are prohibited.

4.2

Dust suppressants

Non-synthetic substances, or substances listed in Tables 4.2 and 4.3, (examples: Lignin sulphonate; Molasses; and Vegetableoils) are permitted.

Petroleum products are prohibited.

4.3

Electrolytes

Including, but not limited to: CMPK (Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium), calcium propionate and calcium sulphate. Shall not contain antibiotics.

Orally or by injection.

5.3

Energy feeds and forage concentrates (grains) and roughages (hay, silage, fodder, straw)

Shall be obtained from organic sources. May include silage preservation products. See Table 5.2 Hay or silage preservation products.

5.2

Enzymes

Shall be derived from non-synthetic substances by the action of micro-organisms. Shall not be fortified with prohibited substances

4.2

Enzymes

Non-synthetic enzymes are permitted, including bromelain, catalase—bovine liver, ficin, animal lipase, malt, pancreatin, pepsin, trypsin, proteases and carbohydrases.

Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages.

5.2

Enzymes

The following sources of enzymes are permitted:

  1. a) any preparations of enzymes normally used in food processing derived from edible, non-toxic plants, non-pathogenic fungi or non-pathogenic bacteria;
  2. b) derived from animals—shall be organic if commercially available: rennet; catalase from bovine liver; animal lipase; pancreatin; pepsin; and trypsin. Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages;
  3. c) egg white lysozyme.
6.3

Enzymes

The following sources of enzymes are permitted:

  1. a) any preparations of enzymes normally used in food processing derived from edible, non-toxic plants, non-pathogenic fungi or non-pathogenic bacteria;
  2. b) derived from animals—shall be organic if commercially available: rennet; catalase from bovine liver; animal lipase; pancreatin; pepsin; and trypsin. Animal-derived enzymes shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of ruminants aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of ruminants of all ages;
  3. c) egg white lysozyme.
6.5

Ethylene

For post-harvest ripening of tropical fruit and degreening of citrus.

6.5

Ethylene

For post-harvest ripening of tropical fruit and degreening of citrus.

8.3

Extractants

Permitted extractants include non-synthetic substances, such as cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except as specified in the annotations of substances listed in Table 4.2.

4.2

Extractants

Permitted extractants include non-synthetic substances, such as cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water. Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited, except as specified in the annotations of substances listed in Table 4.3.

4.3

Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids

The following may be used to derive substances listed in Tables 5.2, 6.3, 6.4 and 6.5:

  1. a) water;
  2. b) culinary steam, as described in 8.1.2 b) of CAN/CGSB-32.310;
  3. c) fats and oils and alcohols other than isopropyl alcohol;
  4. d) supercritical CO2; and
  5. e) substances listed in Tables 6.3-6.5 of this standard.
6.3

Feather meal

No annotation. 4.2

Ferric phosphate
(iron ortho-phosphate, iron phosphate)

Permitted as a molluscicide.

Shall be used in such a manner that runoff into water bodies is prevented.

Contact with crops is prohibited.

4.3

Fibre row covers

Shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose; shall be removed at the end of the growing season.

4.3

Fish meal, fish powder, fish wastes, hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles

The following fish products are permitted: fish meal; fish powder; and hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles. Fish farm wastes shall be composted.

Ethoxyquin or other synthetic preservatives, fertilizers and other chemically synthesized substances not listed in this standard shall not be added to fish products.

Chemical treatment is prohibited, except that liquid fish products may be pH adjusted with the following, in preferential order:

  1. a) vinegar;
  2. b) non-synthetic citric acid;
  3. c) synthetic citric acid;
  4. d) phosphoric acid; and
  5. e) sulphuric acid.

The amount of acid used shall not exceed the minimum needed to stabilize the product.

4.2

Flavours

Derived from non-synthetic sources (such as plants, meat, seafood, micro-organisms, etc.) using approved methods (see clause 10 of CAN/CGSB-32.310), and substances (see Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids).

6.4

Formic acid

For apicultural use, to control parasitic mites. This substance may be used after the last honey harvest of the season and shall be discontinued 30 days before the addition of honey supers.

5.3

Formulants

Non-synthetic substances shall be used, unless a substance annotation specifies that a synthetic formulant may be used. For example, see Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products; Table 4.2 Fish meal, fish powder, fish wastes, hydrolysate, emulsions and solubles; Table 4.2 Humates, humic acid and fulvic acid.

4.2

Formulants

Formulants may be used in conjunction with substances listed in Table 4.3 as follows:

  1. a) Formulants classified in PMRA List 4A or 4B or non-synthetic may be used with the following substances: adhesives for sticky traps and barriers, ammonium carbonate, baits, borate, boric acid, pesticides, dormant oils, hydrogen peroxide and soaps.
  2. b) Formulants classified in PMRA List 3 may be used with passive pheromone dispensers.
  3. c) Formulants used with all other substances listed in Table 4.3 shall be non-synthetic unless specified in the annotation as being permitted.
4.3

Formulants
(inerts, excipients)

Shall be used in conjunction with substances listed in Table 5.3.

5.3

Gelatine

Shall be organic if commercially available.

Gelatine may be sourced from:

  1. a) plants; or
  2. b) animals. If derived from cattle, gelatine shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.
6.3

Gelatine

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Permitted sources are:

  1. a) plants; and
  2. b) animals. Animal gelatine may be used in preparations of canned meat or as a gelling agent for gummed candy. If derived from cattle, gelatine shall be guaranteed free of specified risk materials including the skull, brain, trigeminal ganglia (nerves attached to the brain), eyes, tonsils, spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (nerves attached to the spinal cord) of cattle aged 30 months or older; and the distal ileum (portion of the small intestine) of cattle of all ages.
6.5

Glucono delta lactone

Production by the oxidation of D-glucose with bromine water is prohibited.

6.3

Glucose

No annotation. 5.3

Glycerides
(mono and diglycerides)

From organic sources if commercially available.

For use in drum drying of products.

6.3

Glycerol
(glycerine, glycerin)

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Shall be from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils.

Shall be produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.

6.3

Glycerol (glycerine, glycerin)

Shall be:

  1. a) sourced from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils;
  2. b) produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.
7.3

Glycerol (glycerine, glycerin)

Shall be from organic sources if commercially available.

Shall be from vegetable or animal fats and/or oils.

Shall be produced using fermentation or by hydrolysis.

5.3

Growth regulators for plants

Non-synthetic plant hormones, such as gibberellic acid, indoleacetic acid and cytokinins, are permitted.

4.3

Guano

Shall be decomposed, dried deposits from wild bats or birds.

Domesticated fowl excrement is considered to be manure, not guano.

4.2

Gums

The following gums are permitted: arabic gum, carob bean gum (locust bean gum), gellan gum, guar gum, karaya gum, tragacanth gum, and xanthan gum.

Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids. By exception, isopropyl alcohol may also be used to derive gums.

6.3

Hay or silage preservation products

Preference should be given to bacterial or enzymatic additives derived from bacteria, fungi and plants and food by-products [such as molasses and whey].

The following acids may be used: lactic, propionic and formic.

5.2

Homeopathy and biotherapies

No annotation. 5.3

Homeopathic preparations

No annotation. 4.3

Honey

Shall be organic.

5.3

Hormones

See Table 4.3 Growth regulators for plants.

4.3

Humates, humic acid and fulvic acid

Permitted if extracted by:

  1. a) non-synthetic substances;
  2. b) microbial fermentation; or
  3. c) potassium hydroxide—potassium hydroxide levels used in the extraction process shall not exceed the amount required for extraction.

Shall not exceed the limits (category C1) for acceptable levels (mg/kg) of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead and mercury specified in Guidelines for the Beneficial Use of Fertilising Residuals.

4.2

Humus from worms and insects (vermicompost)

See Table 4.2 Worm castings.

4.2

Hydrated lime

For plant disease control.

4.3

Hydrogen peroxide

Permitted for use as a fungicide.

4.3

Hydrogen peroxide

Pharmaceutical grade hydrogen peroxide is permitted for external use (disinfectant), food-grade hydrogen peroxide is permitted for internal use (for example, added to livestock drinking water).

5.3

Hydrogen peroxide

No annotation. 7.3

Inoculants

See Table 4.2 Microbial products.

4.2

Iodine

If used as a topical disinfectant: permitted iodine sources include potassium iodide and elemental iodine.

If used as a cleaning agent: non-elemental iodine shall be used; iodine shall not exceed 5% solution by volume (example: iodophors). Use shall be followed by a hot-water rinse.

5.3

Iodine

Shall be non-elemental. Shall not exceed 5% solution by volume (example: iodophors).

7.4

Iron

The following sources of iron are permitted, to correct documented iron deficiencies: ferric oxide, ferric sulphate, ferrous sulphate, iron citrate, iron sulphate or iron tartrate.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Iron products

May be supplied by ferric phosphate, ferric pyrophosphate, ferrous lactate, ferrous sulphate, iron carbonate, iron gluconate, iron oxide, iron phosphate, iron sulphate or reduced iron.

5.3

Isinglass

As a fining agent (fish-based).

6.5

Kaolin

As a clarifying agent.

6.5

Kaolin clay

Kaolin clay and calcined kaolin clay. Addition of synthetic chemicals to kaolin clay during calcination is prohibited.

4.3

Kelp and kelp products

See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.

4.2

Kelp and kelp products

For use as a thickener and dietary supplement.

6.3

Leaf mould

No annotation. 4.2

Lecithin

Shall be organic if commercially available. Bleached form is permitted if processed using food-grade hydrogen peroxide.

6.3

Lecithin

Shall be organic if commercially available. Bleached form is permitted if processed using food-grade hydrogen peroxide.

6.5

Lignin sulphonates

Lignosulphonic acid, calcium lignosulphate and sodium lignosulphate.

Permitted as a chelating agent, as a formulant ingredient and as a dust suppressant.

Ammonium lignosulphate is prohibited.

4.3

Lime

All forms of lime, including calcium carbonate, calcium hydroxide and calcium oxide.

7.4

Lime, hydrated

Shall not be used to deodorize animal wastes.

5.3

Lime sulphur
(calcium polysulphide)

Permitted on plants as:

  1. a) a fungicide;
  2. b) an insecticide; and
  3. c) an acaricide (mite control).
4.3

Limestone

Magnesium carbonate and calcium carbonate. Shall be from a non-synthetic source. Oyster shell flour, limestone, dolomite (not slaked), aragonite, eggshell meal, lime from sugar processing and mined calcium carbonate are acceptable sources.

Calcium products that have been used in controlled atmosphere storage are prohibited.

Magnesium carbonate shall be used with caution to prevent magnesium buildup in soil.

4.2

Local anesthetics

Such as lidocaine. Preference shall be given to non-synthetic alternatives.

Use shall be followed by withdrawal periods of 90 days for livestock intended for slaughter, and seven days for dairy animals.

5.3

Magnesium

From non-synthetic substances, without the addition of chemically synthesized substances or chemical treatment. The following sources of magnesium are permitted:

  1. a) magnesium rock—magnesium carbonate, magnesium chloride;
  2. b) dolomitic limestone (not slaked);
  3. c) magnesium sulphate (MgSO4): Epsom salts (may be synthetic), kieserite. MgSO4 shall be used to correct a documented magnesium deficiency.
4.2

Magnesium carbonate

For use in meat products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients, as an anti-caking agent in non-standardized dry mixes (example: seasonings).

6.3

Magnesium chloride

Non-synthetic sources.

4.3

Magnesium chloride

Derived from seawater.

6.3

Magnesium stearate

If non-synthetic magnesium stearate is not commercially available, synthetic sources of magnesium stearate are permitted.

For use as an anti-caking or releasing agent in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

6.3

Magnesium sulphate

Mined sources. A source of magnesium and sulphur.

5.3

Magnesium sulphate

No annotation. 6.3

Malic acid

No annotation. 6.3

Manganese

Manganous oxide and manganese sulphate are permitted, to correct a documented manganese deficiency.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Manure, composted

See Table 4.2 Compost.

4.2

Manure, non-organic manure source

See 5.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

4.2

Meat curing agents

Extracts, juice or cultured powder of celery or chard are permitted.

Shall be organic if commercially available.

6.3

Meat meal

Shall be processed by drying, heat sterilization and/or composting.

4.2

Microbial products

The following microbial products are permitted:

  1. a) rhizobium bacteria;
  2. b) mycorrhizal fungi;
  3. c) azolla; and
  4. d) yeast and other micro-organisms.

Ionizing radiation is permitted for use on peat moss carrier, before the addition of microbial inoculants. Radiation is otherwise prohibited.

4.2

Micronutrients

Includes micronutrients (trace elements) from non-synthetic or synthetic sources. May be chelated. See Table 4.2 Chelates.

To be used when soil and plant deficiencies are documented by visual symptoms or by testing of soil and/or plant tissue, or when the need for a preventative application can be documented.

Nitrate and ammonium forms of micronutrients are prohibited.

See Table 4.2 Boron; Table 4.2 Copper; Table 4.2 Iron; Table 4.2 Manganese; Table 4.2 Molybdenum; and Table 4.2 Zinc.

4.2

Micro-organisms

Includes starter and dairy cultures and other preparations of micro-organisms normally used in product processing.

Ingredients used for micro-organism preparations: non-synthetic substrates (such as milk, lactose, soy, etc.) are permitted. Other ingredients used in micro-organism preparations (such as carriers, anti-caking agents and fillers, etc.) shall be listed in Tables 6.3 or 6.4.

Operators shall obtain documentation from the manufacturer identifying any synthetic substances (such as preservatives, cryo-protectants, etc.) included in micro-organism preparations.

6.4

Micro-organisms and yeasts

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, non-synthetic yeast sources, including yeast autolysate, shall be used.

5.2

Micro-organisms and yeasts

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, non-synthetic yeast sources, including yeast autolysate, shall be used.

5.3

Milk

No annotation. 4.2

Milk replacer

Shall be organic if commercially available.

Permitted for emergency use. Without antibiotics and animal fats or by-products.

5.2

Mined minerals, unprocessed

Mined minerals include basalt, pumice, sand, feldspar, mica, granite dust and unprocessed rock dust. Minerals extracted from seawater are permitted. A mined mineral shall not have undergone any change in its molecular structure through heating or combining with other substances and shall not be processed or fortified with synthetic chemicals unless listed in Table 4.2.

Sodium nitrate and rock dust that have been mixed with petroleum products, such as those from stone engraving, are prohibited.

4.2

Mineral oil

For external use.

5.3

Minerals, trace minerals, elements

Non-synthetic chelated or sulphated minerals. Examples include oyster shell, calcium choride and magnesium oxide.

Synthetic nutrient minerals may be used if non-synthetic sources are not commercially available.

5.2

Minerals, trace minerals, elements

Non-synthetic chelated or sulphated minerals. Examples include oyster shell, calcium choride and magnesium oxide.

Synthetic nutrient minerals may be used if non-synthetic sources are not commercially available.

Minerals from any source are permitted for medical use.

5.3

Molasses

Shall be organic.

4.2

Molasses

Shall be organic.

5.2

Molybdenum

To correct documented molybdenum deficiencies.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Mulches

See Table 4.3 Mulches.

4.2

Mulches

Organic plant residues may be used for mulching. If organic plant materials are not readily available, non-organic, non-genetically engineered sources of straw, leaves, grass clippings or hay may be used. Prohibited substances shall not have been used on these materials for at least 60 days before harvest.

Sawdust, wood chips and shavings may be used for mulching if they are obtained or derived from wood that has not been treated with paint or prohibited substances.

Newspaper and paper mulch: glossy paper and coloured ink are prohibited.

Plastic mulches: Non-biodegradable and semi-biodegradable materials shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose. Use of polyvinyl chloride as plastic mulch or row cover is prohibited.

Biodegradable mulches: 100% of biodegradable mulch films shall be derived from bio-based sources. Formulants or ingredients shall be listed in Tables 4.2 or 4.3. Biodegradable polymers and Carbon Black from GE or petroleum sources are not permitted. As a temporary exemption, biodegradable mulch film used on organic farms in 2014 but which do not meet the petroleum source requirement may be used without removal until January 1, 2017.

4.3

Mushroom compost

See Table 4.2 Compost.

4.2

Neem oil

No annotation. 8.2

Nitrogen

For controlled atmosphere storage.

4.3

Nitrogen

Shall be food-grade quality.

6.4

Nitrogen

Shall be food-grade quality.

6.5

Nitrogen

For controlled atmosphere storage.

8.3

Oilseed meals

Shall be organic if commercially available.

4.2

Oxalic acid

For mite control in honeybee colonies.

5.3

Oxygen

For controlled atmosphere storage.

4.3

Oxygen

No annotation. 6.4

Oxygen

No annotation. 6.5

Oxygen

No annotation. 8.3

Oxytocin

For post-parturition therapeutic use. Meat from treated animals will not lose its organic status. See 6.6.10 d) of CAN/CGSB-32.310, for criteria pertaining to the mandatory withdrawal period.

5.3

Ozone

No annotation. 6.3

Ozone

No annotation. 6.5

Ozone

No annotation. 7.3

Paraffin

Shall be food-grade. For use in hives.

5.3

Parasiticides and anti-microbials

Shall respect requirements set out in 6.6 of CAN/CGSB-32.310 with regard to the use of internal parasiticides.

5.3

Peat moss

No annotation. 4.2

Pectin

High-methoxyl and low-methoxyl pectin sources are permitted.

6.3

Peracetic (peroxyacetic) acid

Permitted for:

  1. a) controlling fire blight bacteria; and
  2. b) disinfecting seed and asexually propagated planting material.

See Table 4.3 Seed treatments; Table 4.3 Treated seeds.

4.3

Peracetic (peroxyacetic) acid

On food and plants: peracetic acid may be used in wash or rinse water.

Peracetic acid may also be used on food contact surfaces.

7.3

Perlite

For use as a filtering aid.

6.5

pH buffers

Shall be non-synthetic, such as citric acid or vinegar.

Lye and sulphuric acid are prohibited.

4.2

pH buffers

Shall be non-synthetic, such as citric acid or vinegar.

Lye and sulphuric acid are prohibited.

4.3

Pheromones and other semiochemicals

Synthetic and non-synthetic pheromones and semiochemicals are permitted.

For pest control. Use in pheromone traps or passive dispensers.

4.3

Phosphate rock

Shall not be fortified or processed with synthetic chemicals.

Cadmium shall not exceed 90 mg/kg P2O5.

4.2

Phosphoric acid

On dairy equipment.

7.4

Physical teat seals

Synthetic and non-synthetic ingredients are permitted. Shall be free from antibiotics.

For post-lactation use. Shall be completely removed prior to nursing or milking.

Shall be prescribed and administered under veterinary supervision.

5.3

Plant extracts, oils and preparations

Permitted extractants include: cocoa butter, lanolin, animal fats, alcohols and water.Extraction with synthetic solvents is prohibited except with, in order of preference:

  1. a) potassium hydroxide;
  2. b) or sodium hydroxide;

provided the amount of solvent used does not exceed the amount necessary for extraction. The manufacturer shall prove the need to use sodium hydroxide.

For pest control (disease, weed and insect).

Clove oil is permitted for sprout inhibition in potatoes.

4.3

Plant oils

To control external parasites.

5.3

Plant protectants

Non-synthetic substances including, but not limited to: calcium carbonate, diatomaceous earth, kaolin clay, pine oil, pine resin and yucca. White wash is permitted for use on trees to protect against sunburn and southwest disease.

Shall be used to protect plants from harsh environmental conditions, such as frost and sunburn, infection, the buildup of dirt on leaf surfaces, or injury by a pest.

4.3

Plants and plant by-products

Includes plant preparations of aquatic or terrestrial plants or parts of plants, such as cover crops, green manures, crop wastes, hay, leaves and straw. Parts of plants used as soil amendments and foliar feeds are permitted. Wastes from crops that have been treated with or produced with prohibited substances may be used as composting feedstocks.

For processing of plant by-products, see Table 4.2 Extractants.

Sawdust, wood chips and shavings may be used for mulching if they are obtained or derived from wood that has not been treated with paint or prohibited substances.

4.2

Plastic for row covers and solarization

Non-biodegradable and semi-biodegradable materials shall not be incorporated into the soil or left in the field to decompose.

Use of polyvinyl chloride as plastic mulch or row cover is prohibited.

4.3

Pomaces

Feedstocks shall be from organically grown fruits or vegetables. Non-organic pomaces shall be composted. See Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

4.2

Potassium

The following sources of potassium are permitted:

  1. a) langbeinite, mined sulphate of potash magnesia and mined potassium salts (sylvinite and kainite);
  2. b) potassium rock powder—includes basalt, biotite, mica, feldspar, granite and greensand;
  3. c) potassium chloride (KCl)—muriate of potash and rock potash. KCl shall not cause salt buildup in soil through repeated application;
  4. d) potassium sulphate—shall be produced by combining brines from seabed deposits and mined minerals. Potassium sulphate made using reactants (such as sulphuric acid or ammonia) is prohibited. Fortification with synthetic chemicals is prohibited.
4.2

Potassium acid tartrate (KC4H5O6)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

6.3

Potassium bicarbonate

Permitted for pest and disease control in greenhouses and other crops.

4.3

Potassium bicarbonate

On organic product contact surfaces.

7.3

Potassium carbonate

No annotation. 6.5

Potassium carbonate

Documentation shall demonstrate that effluent discharge was neutralized to minimize negative environmental impact.

7.4

Potassium carbonates
(mono- and bi-)

No annotation. 6.3

Potassium chloride

Non-synthetic sources.

6.3

Potassium citrate

No annotation. 6.3

Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash)

For pH adjustment. Prohibited for use in lye peeling of fruits and vegetables.

6.5

Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash)

No annotation. 7.4

Potassium iodide

From non-synthetic sources.

Shall be used when legally required. Synthetic potassium iodide is permitted for use in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

6.4

Potassium metabisulphite

See Anhydrous sulphur dioxide, sulphurous acid (sulphur dioxide, SO2).

6.3

Potassium permanganate

Not to exceed 1% solution by volume.

7.4

Potassium phosphate
(mono-, di-, and tribasic forms)

For use in products whose contents are 70% and <95% organic ingredients.

6.3

Potassium tartrate
(K2C4H4O6. INS 336)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

6.3

Potting soil

Shall not contain synthetic wetting agents or synthetic fertilizers.

4.2

Prebiotics

From organic sources if commercially available.

5.3

Pre-mixes

Concentrated mixture of minerals and vitamins. From organic sources if commercially available.

All ingredients in pre-mixes shall be essential for animal nutrition and listed in Table 5.2. Non GE fillers, for example rice hulls, may be non-organic.

5.2

Probiotics

Probiotics may be administered orally, as dietary supplements, via pharmaceutical preparations in the form of capsules, tablets, alginate gels, or dry powder.

5.2

Probiotics

Probiotics may be administered orally, as dietary supplements, via pharmaceutical preparations in the form of capsules, tablets, alginate gels, or dry powder.

5.3

Protein feeds

Shall be from organic sources.

5.2

Pyrethrins

Without piperonyl butoxide as a carrier.

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

8.2

Pyrethrum

Shall be combined with acceptable formulants listed in Table 4.3.

See Table 4.3 Botanical pesticides for restrictions.

4.3

Quick lime
(calcium oxide)

Shall not be used as a fertilizer or as a soil amendment.

4.3

Repellents

Shall be derived from a non-synthetic source, such as sterilized blood meal, rotten eggs, hair or predator scents. Shall not contain synthetic additives.

4.3

Salt

Substances listed in Tables 6.3 or 6.4 may be added to mined or sea salt.

See Table 6.3 Sodium chloride and Table 6.3 Potassium chloride.

See Salt definition in clause 3 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

6.4

Salt

Non-synthetic sources of sodium chloride and calcium chloride.

For disease control and prevention in mushroom production.

4.3

Seaweed and seaweed products

See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.

4.2

Seaweed and seaweed products

See Table 4.2 Aquatic plants and aquatic plant products.

4.3

Seaweed meal

No annotation. 5.2

Sedatives

Such as xylazine.

5.3

Seed treatments

Microbial products, kelp, yucca, gypsum, clays and botanicals.

See Table 4.3 Peracetic Acid; Table 4.3 Treated seeds.

4.3

Selenium products

Derived from sodium selenate or sodium selenite.

May be used to address documented deficiencies in the stock, soils or feed supplies.

See Table 5.3 Minerals, trace minerals, elements.

5.3

Shell from aquatic animals

Includes chitin.

4.2

Shell from aquatic animals

Includes chitin.

4.3

Silica

As a filtering agent (food-grade powder) in maple syrup production.

6.5

Silicon dioxide

No annotation. 6.3

Silicon dioxide

No annotation. 6.5

Smoke flavour

See Table 6.3 Yeast.

6.4

Soap-based algicide
(demossers)

No annotation. 7.4

Soaps

Soaps (including insecticidal soaps) shall consist of fatty acids derived from animal or vegetable oils.

4.3

Soaps

Soaps shall consist of fatty acids derived from animal or vegetable oils.

7.4

Soaps, ammonium

As a large animal repellent.

Direct contact with soil or edible portion of crop is prohibited.

4.3

Soaps, ammonium

As a large animal repellent.

Direct contact with organic products is prohibited.

8.2

Sodium acid pyrophosphate

For use as a leavening agent.

6.3

Sodium bicarbonate

For pest and disease control. In greenhouses and for other crops.

4.3

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

6.3

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the available synthetic form is permitted.

6.5

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda)

Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 7.4 Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), synthetic.

7.3

Sodium bicarbonate
(baking soda), synthetic

No annotation. 7.4

Sodium borate

No annotation. 7.4

Sodium carbonate
(soda ash)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the synthetic form is permitted.

6.3

Sodium carbonate
(soda ash)

Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 7.4 Sodium carbonate (soda ash), synthetic.

7.3

Sodium carbonate

(soda ash), synthetic

No annotation. 7.4

Sodium chloride

No annotation. 6.3

Sodium citrate

Non-synthetic sources.

6.3

Sodium citrate

Non-synthetic sources.

7.3

Sodium citrate

No annotation. 7.4

Sodium Hydroxide

For use in dehorning paste.

5.3

Sodium hydroxide
(lye or caustic soda)

No annotation. 6.3

Sodium hydroxide (lye or caustic soda)

Prohibited for use in lye peeling of fruits and vegetables.

6.5

Sodium hydroxide
(lye or caustic soda)

No annotation. 7.3

Sodium percarbonate

No annotation. 7.4

Sodium phosphates

For use in dairy products.

6.3

Sodium silicate

For tree fruit and fibre processing.

4.3

Sodium silicate

In detergents.

See Table 7.4 Detergents.

7.4

Soil

From organic sources. Shall comply with restrictions specified in 5.1.2 of CAN/CGSB-32.310.

4.2

Sphagnum moss

Shall not contain synthetic wetting agents.

4.2

Starch

From rice and waxy maize—Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids, where applicable. Starch shall not be modified by chemicals. Starch may be modified using physical or enzymatic methods.

Cornstarch—May contain substances that are plant-derived and/or listed in Tables 6.3 - 6.5.

6.4

Sterile insects

See Table 4.3 Biological organisms.

4.3

Stillage and stillage extract

Ammonium stillage is prohibited.

4.2

Sugar

Organic sugar may be used as an ingredient in a crop production aid.

4.3

Sulphur

For control of external parasites.

5.3

Sulphur smoke bombs

Use of sulphur smoke bombs shall be permitted in conjunction with other methods used for rodent control, when a full pest control program is maintained but temporarily overwhelmed.

4.3

Sulphur, elemental

Non-synthetic elemental sulphur may be used as a soil amendment where more buffered sources of sulphur are not appropriate, and as a foliar application. Chemically synthesized substances shall not be added. Chemical treatment is prohibited.

4.2

Sulphur, elemental

For foliar use.

4.3

Summer oils

On foliage, as suffocating or stylet oils.

4.3

Surfactants

Non-synthetic substances.

See Table 4.2 Formulants; Table 4.2 Wetting agents; and Table 4.3 Soaps; Table 4.3 Vegetable oils.

4.2

Surfactants

Non-synthetic substances.

See Table 4.3 Soaps; table 4.3 Vegetable oils; Table 4.2 Wetting agents.

4.3

Surfactants

See Table 7.4 Detergents; Table 7.4 Soaps.

7.4

Talc

As a filtering agent.

6.5

Tannic acid

Shall be from an organic source if commercially available. Shall be derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Permitted as a filtration aid for wines.

6.5

Tartaric acid
(C4H6O6. INS 334)

If the non-synthetic form is not commercially available, the available synthetic form is permitted.

For beverages.

6.3

Tartaric acid
(C4H6O6. INS 334)

Shall be from non-synthetic sources.

For beverages.

6.5

Tocopherols and mixed natural concentrates

Derived from vegetable oil when rosemary extracts are not a suitable alternative.

6.3

Transplant and potting media

Shall be composed entirely of permitted substances.

4.3

Treated seed

Seed treated with biological management agents is permitted. Seed pelletized with clay, gypsum, biological organisms (such as Rhizobium) or other non-synthetic coatings is permitted. Plastic polymer pelletization of seed is prohibited.

See Table 4.3 Peracetic acid; Table 4.3 Seed treatments.

4.3

Tree seals

Plant or milk-based paints are permitted. Shall not be combined with fungicides or other synthetic chemicals.

See Table 4.3 Plant Protectants.

For planting stock: synthetic grafting materials are permitted, provided that plants are maintained in accordance with requirements in CAN/CGSB-32.310 for at least 12 months prior to harvest of organic products.

4.3

Vaccines

See Table 5.3 Biologics, including vaccines.

5.3

Vegetable oils

Shall be organic if commercially available. Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Maple syrup production—vegetable oils shall be organic and without allergenic potential.

6.3

Vegetable oils

From organic sources if commercially available. Derived using substances listed in Table 6.3 Extraction solvents, carriers and precipitation aids.

Maple syrup production—vegetable oils shall be organic and without allergenic potential.

6.5

Vegetable oils

Plant oils shall not contain synthetic pesticides.

For use as spreader-stickers, surfactants and carriers.

4.3

Vermicasts

See Table 4.2 Worm castings.

4.2

Vermiculite

No annotation. 4.2

Vinegar
(acetic acid)

Non-synthetic sources.

See Table 4.3 Acetic acid.

4.3

Vinegar

No annotation. 7.3

Virus sprays

No annotation. 4.3

Vitamins

Non-synthetic sources of all vitamins and synthetic sources of vitamins B1, C (ascorbic acid) and E are permitted for use in organic crop production.

4.2

Vitamins

Permitted for enrichment or fortification.

5.2

Vitamins

Vitamin formulants that comply with Canadian regulations are accepted.

Orally, topically or by injection.

5.3

Vitamins and mineral nutrients

Shall be used if legally required.

The following non-dairy substitute products may be fortified on a voluntary basis, if legally permitted: plant-based beverages, products that resemble cheese, and butter substitutes.

Ferrous sulphate—Shall be used if legally required and may be used, on a voluntary basis, if legally permitted.

6.4

Water

No annotation. 4.3

Water, recycled

Recycled water shall only contain substances listed in Tables 4.2, 4.3, 7.3 and 7.4.

Recycled wash water from all organic operations, including dairy operations, may be spread on crop lands. Requirements for land application, as specified in 5.5.2.5 of CAN/CGSB-32.310, shall be met. In all other uses, recycled water shall meet applicable irrigation water regulatory requirements.

4.3

Waxes

Applied to fresh produce—only organic wax or carnauba wax is permitted.

Applications other than fresh produce—If organic waxes, such as beeswax, are not commercially available, non-synthetic waxes, such as carnauba wax, shall be used.

See Table 6.5 Waxes.

6.3

Waxes

If organic waxes, such as beeswax, are not commercially available, non-synthetic sources of wax, such as carnauba wax shall be used.

By exception, paraffin wax may be used to coat cheese, if other non-synthetic waxes are not commercially available. Use of microcrystalline wax, either alone or in formulations with paraffin wax, is prohibited. Wax cheese coatings, except for organic waxes, must be removable and considered inedible, and shall not include synthetic preservatives, synthetic colors, or any bactericide or fungicide.

6.5

Wetting agents

Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents.

4.2

Wetting agents

Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents, are permitted.

See Table 4.3 Soaps.

4.3

Wetting agents

Non-synthetic wetting agents, including saponins and microbial wetting agents.

See Table 7.4 Detergents; Table 7.4 Soaps.

7.4

Wood ash

See Table 4.2 Ash.

4.2

Worm castings

Worm castings (also called vermicompost, worm compost, vermicasts, worm humus or worm manure) are the end product of the breakdown of organic matter and compounds by some earthworm species.

Feedstocks for earthworms shall meet the criteria in Table 4.2 Compost feedstocks.

The operator shall be able to demonstrate that:

  1. a) worm castings produced either on the farm or obtained from off-farm sources meet the limits for acceptable levels (MPN/g total solids) of human pathogens as specified in Guidelines for Compost Quality; or
  2. b) that best practices known to eliminate human pathogens during vermicomposting have been used.

See Table 4.2 Microbial products for information on compost starters.

4.2

Yeast

See Table 4.2 Microbial products.

4.2

Yeast

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, these non-synthetic sources of yeast may be used:

  1. a) autolysate;
  2. b) bakers' (may contain lecithin, as listed in Table 6.3);
  3. c) brewers';
  4. d) nutritional; and
  5. e) smoked.

Growth on petrochemical substrate and sulphite waste liquor is prohibited.

Non-synthetic smoke flavouring process shall be documented.

6.3

Yeast

If organic sources of yeast are not commercially available, these non-synthetic sources of yeast may be used:

  1. a) autolysate;
  2. b) bakers' (may contain lecithin, as listed in Table 6.3);
  3. c) brewers';
  4. d) nutritional; and
  5. e) smoked.

Growth on petrochemical substrate and sulphite waste liquor is prohibited.

Non-synthetic smoke flavouring process shall be documented.

6.4

Yeast foods

For use in alcoholic beverages:

  1. a) potassium chloride—permitted for ale, beer, light beer, malt liquor, porter and stout; and
  2. b) dibasic ammonium phosphate (diammonium phosphate, DAP), restricted to 0.3 g/L (0.04 oz./gal.)—permitted for cider, mead and wine.
6.3

Zinc

Zinc oxide and zinc sulphate may be used to correct a documented zinc deficiency.

See Table 4.2 Micronutrients.

4.2

Footnotes

Footnote 1

References throughout this document to “this National Standard of Canada” or “this standard” refer to CAN/CGSB-32.311, Organic Production Systems – Permitted Substances Lists.

Return to footnote referrer 1