Design, manufacture and use of intermediate bulk containers for the transportation of dangerous goods, classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9

PDF version (845Kb) (Help with alternative formats and plug-ins)

Please note that the format of this standard has been modified slightly for the web. The content of the web version and of the PDF is the same, but the PDF is regarded as the official document.

Canada/Canadian General Standards Board-43.146-2016

Canadian General Standards Board
Committee on Intermediate Bulk Containers for the Transport of Dangerous Goods (Voting membership at date of approval)

The Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB), under whose auspices this standard has been developed, is a government agency within Public Services and Procurement Canada. CGSB is engaged in the production of voluntary standards in a wide range of subject areas through the media of standards committees and the consensus process. The standards committees are composed of representatives of relevant interests including producers, consumers and other users, retailers, governments, educational institutions, technical, professional and trade societies, and research and testing organizations. Any given standard is developed on the consensus of views expressed by such representatives.

CGSB has been accredited by the Standards Council of Canada as a national standards development organization. The standards that it develops and offers as National Standards of Canada conform to the criteria and procedures established for this purpose by the Standards Council of Canada. In addition to standards it publishes as National Standards of Canada, CGSB produces standards to meet particular needs, in response to requests from a variety of sources in both the public and private sectors. Both CGSB standards and CGSB national standards are developed in conformance with the policies described in the CGSB Policy and Procedures Manual for the Development and Maintenance of Standards.

CGSB standards are subject to review and revision to ensure that they keep abreast of technological progress. CGSB will initiate the review of this standard within five years of the date of publication. Suggestions for their improvement, which are always welcome, should be brought to the notice of the standards committees concerned. Changes to standards are issued either as separate amendment sheets or in new editions of standards.

An up-to-date listing of CGSB standards, including details on latest issues and amendments, and ordering instructions, is found in the CGSB Catalogue at our web site—Canadian General Standards Board along with more information about CGSB products and services.

Although the intended primary application of this standard is stated in its Scope, it is important to note that it remains the responsibility of the users of the standard to judge its suitability for their particular purpose.

The testing and evaluation of a product against this standard may require the use of materials and/or equipment that could be hazardous. This document does not purport to address all the safety aspects associated with its use. Anyone using this standard has the responsibility to consult the appropriate authorities and to establish appropriate health and safety practices in conjunction with any applicable regulatory requirements prior to its use. CGSB neither assumes nor accepts any responsibility for any injury or damage that may occur during or as the result of tests, wherever performed.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this Canadian standard may be the subject of patent rights. CGSB shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights is entirely their own responsibility.

Language

In this Standard, "shall" states a mandatory requirement, "should" expresses a recommendation and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of this Standard. Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material. Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.

Further information on CGSB and its services and standards may be obtained from:

The Manager
Standards Division
Canadian General Standards Board
Gatineau, Canada
K1A 1G6

A National Standard of Canada is a standard developed by an Standards Council of Canada (SCC) accredited Standards Development Organization (SDO), and approved by the SCC, in accordance with SCC’s: Requirements and Guidance Accreditation for Standards Development Organizations, and Requirements and Guidance Approval of National Standards of Canada Designation. More information on National Standard requirements can be found at Standards Council of Canada.

An SCC approved standard reflects the consensus of a number of experts whose collective interests provide, to the greatest practicable extent, a balance of representation of affected stakeholders. National Standards of Canada are intended to make a significant and timely contribution to the Canadian interest.

SCC is a Crown corporation within the portfolio of Industry Canada. With the goal of enhancing Canada’s economic competitiveness and social well-being, SCC leads and facilitates the development and use of national and international standards. SCC also coordinates Canadian participation in standards development, and identifies strategies to advance Canadian standardization efforts. Accreditation services are provided by SCC to various customers, including product certifiers, testing laboratories, and standards development organizations. A list of SCC programs and accredited bodies is publicly available at Standards Council of Canada.

Users should always obtain the latest edition of a National Standard of Canada from the standards development organization responsible for its publication, as these documents are subject to periodic review.

The responsibility for approving standards as National Standards of Canada (NSC)s rests with:

Standards Council of Canada
55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 600
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6L5 Canada

How to order Canadian General Standards Board Publications

by telephone
819-956-0425 or 1-800-665-2472
by fax
819-956-5740
by mail
CGSB Sales Centre
Gatineau, Canada
K1A 1G6
in person
Place du Portage
Phase III, 6B1
11 Laurier Street
Gatineau, Quebec
by email
ncr.cgsb-ongc@tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca
on the web
Canadian General Standards Board

Cette Norme nationale du Canada est disponible en versions française et anglaise.

ICS 55.140—Published April 2016 by the Canadian General Standards Board
Gatineau, Canada K1A 1G6
©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Public Services and Procurement, the Minister responsible for the Canadian General Standards Board (2016).

No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission of the publisher.

Chair

Stewart, R.
Great Western Containers Inc. (General interest)

Producer category

Ali, L.
Syn-Tex, A Division of Signode Packaging Group Canada

Assmann, S.
Aco Container Systems Ltd.

Fournier, S.
Les Industries Desjardins

Lévesque, S.
AGB Products

Petrucci, M.
All Tank

Spann, H.
Snyder Industries Inc.

User category

Gray, T.
Flo-Bin Rentals

Mehain, H.
CHEP Catalyst & Chemical Containers Inc.

Jones, M.
Canadian Association of Chemical Distributors

Rankin, P.
Reusable Industrial Packaging Association

General interest category

Hawman, M.
Hawman Container Services

Kendall, K.
Kendall & Associates

Rousseau, D.
Micom Laboratories Inc.

Trépanier, G.
RTQ (National Containers)

Regulatory category

Bernier, F.
Transport Canada

Secretary (Non-voting)

Long, R.
Canadian General Standards Board

Acknowledgment is made for the translation of this National Standard of Canada by the Translation Bureau of Public Services and Procurement Canada.

On this page

Introduction

This is the third edition of CAN/CGSB-43.146, Design, manufacture and use of intermediate bulk containers for the transportation of dangerous goods, classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9. It supersedes the previous edition published in 2002, Design, Manufacture and Use of Intermediate Bulk Containers for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods.

This standard is intended for incorporation by reference into the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations. Where there are differences between the requirements of the TDG Regulations and this standard, the TDG Regulations prevail, unless specified otherwise, to the extent of the difference. Until the Regulations are amended to adopt this edition of the standard, an earlier edition may be the one legally in effect in Canada. To determine which edition is legally in effect, please refer to Table of Safety Standards and Safety Requirement Documents in Part 1, paragraph 1.3.1, of the TDG Regulations.

This standard contains requirements for

and is based on the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, 19th edition, published by the United Nations (UN).

This standard also provides requirements for a quality management system.

1 Scope

1.1 Organization and content

This standard sets out requirements for designing, manufacturing and marking of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) and for selecting and using means of containment for the transportation of dangerous goods of classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9. This standard consists of two parts and four annexes.

Part I contains the requirements for the design and manufacture of UN Standardized IBCs.

Part II contains the requirements for the selection and use of means of containment for the transportation of dangerous goods of classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9.

Annex A sets out the minimum requirements for the completion of a UN standardized IBC design type report submitted to the Director.

Annex B Part 1 contains a list of packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods.

Annex B, Part 2 contains the detailed packing instruction information.

Annex C contains the periodic leak test and inspection registration process.

Annex D contains a table that provides examples of various maximum vapour pressures for liquid dangerous goods.

Note: Requirements on the packaging, handling, offering for transport and transport of Explosives (Class 1) may be found in CGSB-43.151.

1.2 Application

This standard applies to both standardized and non-standardized means of containment as defined in the TDG Regulations.

1.3 Minimum requirements

This standard sets out certain minimum requirements regarding the design, construction, qualification, selection and use and testing of means of containment. It is essential to exercise competent technical and engineering judgment in conjunction with this standard.

It is the responsibility of the IBC manufacturer to ensure that the IBC will safely carry out its intended function within these constraints.

1.4 Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations prevalence

The TDG Act, 1992 and the TDG Regulations may call for additional requirements regarding the design, construction, qualification, selection, use, and testing of means of containment. Where there is an inconsistency between the requirements of this standard and those of the TDG Act or TDG Regulations, the Act or Regulations prevail to the extent of the inconsistency.

It should be noted that this standard, by itself, does not have the force of law unless it is officially adopted by a regulatory authority. It is recommended to read the standard in conjunction with the TDG Regulations.

1.5 Safety

The testing and evaluation of a product against this standard may require the use of materials and/or equipment that could be hazardous. This document does not purport to address all the safety aspects associated with its use. Anyone using this standard has the responsibility to consult the appropriate authorities and to establish appropriate health and safety practices in conjunction with any applicable regulatory requirements prior to its use.

1.6 Units

Quantities and dimensions used in this standard are given in metric units.

1.7 Classification

Dangerous goods are classified in accordance with Part 2 of the TDG Regulations and the appropriate shipping names and corresponding particulars (UN number, classification, and packing group, as applicable) selected from Schedule 1 of the TDG Regulations.

2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this National Standard of Canada. The referenced documents may be obtained from the sources noted below.

Note: The addresses provided below were valid at the date of publication of this standard.

An undated reference is to the latest edition or revision of the reference or document in question, unless otherwise specified by the authority applying this method. A dated reference is to the specified revision or edition of the reference or document in question.

2.1 Canadian General Standards Board

CGSB-43.151-2012—Packaging, handling, offering for transport and transport of Explosives (Class 1).

2.1.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Canadian General Standards Board

Sales Centre
Gatineau, Canada K1A 1G6

Telephone:
819-956-0425 or 1-800-665-2472
Fax:
819-956-5740
E-mail:
ncr.cgsb-ongc@tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca

2.2 Transport Canada

2.2.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Publications page of the Transport Canada web site. The Transport Canada publication TP 14850 may be ordered from the Transport Canada Publications Order Desk.

2.3 American Society for Testing and Materials International

2.3.1 Source

The above may be obtained from American Society for Testing and Materials International

100 Barr Harbor Drive
West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A.

Telephone
610-832-9585
Fax
610-832-9555

or from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta T2G 0K3

Telephone
613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax
613-237-4251

2.4 International Organization for Standardization

2.4.1 Source

The above may be obtained from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta T2G 0K3

Telephone
613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax
613-237-4251

2.5 Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry

2.5.1 Source

The above may be obtained from the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry

TAPPI Inc.
P.O. Box 933644
Atlanta, GA 31193-3644, U.S.A.

Telephone
1-800-446-9431 (Canada), 1-800-332-8686 (U.S.A.), 770-446-1400 (Worldwide)
Fax
770-209-7206
E-mail
memberconnection@tappi.org

or from IHS Global Canada Ltd.

200-1331 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, Alberta T2G 0K3

Telephone
613-237-4250 or 1-800-267-8220
Fax
613-237-4251

2.6 United Nations

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations (19th revised edition).

2.6.1 Source

The above may be obtained from distributors of United Nations Publications or from the United Nations Publications Customer Service

PO Box 960
Herndon, VA 20172, U.S.A.

Telephone
1-703-661-1571
Fax
1-703-996-1010
E-mail
order@un.org

The United Nations publications, Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations (19th revised edition), can also be viewed and downloaded.

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this National Standard of Canada, the following terms and definitions apply. Where there is a conflict between a term or definition in this standard and that of the TDG Regulations, the term or definition in the TDG Regulations shall prevail.

3.1 Body
Receptacle of an IBC (for all categories of IBCs other than composite IBCs).
3.2 Closed cargo transport unit
Cargo transport unit which totally encloses the means of containment by permanent structures with complete and rigid surfaces.

Note: Cargo transport units with fabric sides or tops are not considered closed cargo transport units.

3.3 Closure
Device that closes an opening of a receptacle.
3.4 Compatible material
Material compatible with the dangerous goods is a material that does not react physically or chemically with the dangerous goods in a way that under normal conditions of handling or transportation would cause a condition or release of dangerous goods that could endanger public safety, including corrosion, environmental stress cracking, solvation, fusion or chemical or physical reaction with the dangerous goods.
3.5 Composite IBC
IBC that is an integrated single unit consisting of a rigid outer casing enclosing a plastic inner receptacle together with any service and structural equipment.
3.6 Cross-bottled IBC
Remanufactured composite IBC in which an inner receptacle from one manufacturer is placed into an outer casing produced by another manufacturer.
3.7 CTC
Canadian Transport Commission.
3.8 Director
The Director, Regulatory Affairs Branch, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Directorate, Transport Canada
3.9 DOT
U.S. Department of Transportation.
3.10 Durable compliance marking
Marking that remains legible for the life expectancy of the IBC.
3.11 Durable periodic leak test and inspection marking
Marking that remains legible until the next periodic leak test and inspection.
3.12 Fibreboard IBC
IBC consisting of a fibreboard body with or without separate top and bottom caps, service equipment, structural equipment and, if necessary, an inner liner (but no inner packagings).
3.13 Flexible IBC
IBC consisting of a body made of film, woven fabric or any other flexible material or combination thereof, service equipment, handling devices, inserts and, if necessary, an inner coating or liner.
3.14 Grammage
Mass of a unit area of paper or fibreboard determined by TAPPI test method T410 expressed in grams per square metre. (Also known as nominal basis weight)
3.15 Handling device
Any sling, loop, eye or frame attached to the body of a flexible IBC or formed from a continuation of the flexible IBC body material.
3.16 IBC
See intermediate bulk container.
3.17 Inner receptacle
Receptacle of a composite IBC that requires an outer casing in order to perform its containment function.
3.18 Intermediate bulk container
Rigid or flexible portable means of containment, other than a bag, box, drum or jerrican, as defined in TP 14850, and that is designed for mechanical handling and is resistant to the stresses produced in handling and transport, as determined by tests.
3.19 Liner
Separate tube or bag, including its openings and their closures, inserted into the body of an IBC but not forming an integral part of it.
3.20 Lightweight IBC
Composite IBC with an outer casing made with light-gauge rigid material and plastic inner receptacle generally made by the blow-molding method.
3.21 Maximum capacity
Maximum volume of water, expressed in litres, that the IBC can hold at 15 °C and at an absolute pressure of 101.3 kPa, when filled through the intended filling orifice with the IBC resting in its normal position of filling.
3.22 Maximum permissible gross mass
Sum of the mass of an IBC and any service or structural equipment, and the maximum permissible load.
3.23 Maximum permissible load
Maximum net mass of the dangerous goods for which an IBC is designed to be used.
3.24 Metal IBC
IBC consisting of a metal body, service equipment and structural equipment.
3.25 Mobile IBC
IBC that is intended to be loaded, stored and unloaded while on a means of transport, but does not include the fuel tank of a vehicle.
3.26 Non-standardized IBC
IBC that does not conform to the requirements of Part 1 or section 12.5 of this standard but that is designed, constructed, maintained, filled, closed, secured and maintained so that under normal conditions of transport, including handling, the dangerous goods will be protected from the elements and there will be no accidental release of the dangerous goods that could endanger public safety.
3.27 Plastic material
When used in connection with inner receptacles for composites IBCs, is taken to include other polymeric materials such as rubber.
3.28 Recycled plastic material
Plastic material recovered from used industrial containers.
3.29 Receptacle
Containment vessel for receiving and holding the dangerous goods, including the openings and their closures but not the liner or service equipment.
3.30 Remanufactured IBC
Metal, rigid plastic or composite IBC that is produced as a UN type from a non-UN type, or is converted from one UN design type to another UN design type. Remanufactured IBCs also include cross-bottled IBCs.
3.31 Refurbished/repaired IBC
Metal, rigid plastic or composite IBC that, as a result of impact or for any other cause is restored so as to conform to the design type and to be able to withstand the design type tests.
3.32 Rigid plastic IBC
IBC consisting of a rigid plastic body, service equipment and structural equipment but does not include a flexible IBC with rigid fibreboard or plastic inserts.
3.33 Service equipment
Devices attached to and forming part of an IBC that are necessary for loading, unloading, venting, pressure relief, vacuum relief, internal heating, sampling and measuring. Such devices include pressure-relief devices, valves, pumps and their hoses, piping, gaskets, sight tubes and closures.
3.34 Sift-proof 
Impermeable to dry content, including any fine solid material produced during transport.
3.35 Standardized IBC
IBC that conforms to the requirements of Part I or section 12.5 of this standard.
3.36 Structural equipment
Reinforcing, fastening, handling, protective or stabilizing members of the body of a metal, rigid plastic, composite, fibreboard and wooden IBC, including the pallet base for a composite, fibreboard and wooden IBC.
3.37 TC
Transport Canada
3.38 TDG Act
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992.
3.39 TDG Regulations
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
3.40 ULC
Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada.
3.41 UN packaging symbol
UN packaging symbol

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

Image description

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

3.42 UN standardized IBC
IBC manufactured to the same design specification as a UN standardized IBC design type, or an IBC designed and manufactured in a country other than Canada in accordance with that country’s national regulations and the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations, 19th edition.
3.43 UN standardized IBC design type
Design specification for the prototype IBC successfully tested in accordance with Part I and as described in the UN Standardized IBC Design Type Report of Annex A.
3.44 UN standardized mobile IBC
Mobile IBC that conforms to the requirements of Part I of this standard.
3.45 Wooden IBC
IBC consisting of a rigid or collapsible wooden body, service equipment, structural equipment and a liner (but no inner packagings).
3.46 Woven plastic
Material made from stretched tapes or monofilaments of a plastic material.

Part I—Design and manufacture of United Nations standardized intermediate bulk containers

4 General requirements

4.1 General

A UN standardized IBC shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with the requirements in Part I of this standard.

4.2 Intermediate bulk containers code

The IBC code shall consist of the following sequence of numbers and letters:

4.3 Intermediate bulk container types by code

The IBC described in Column 1 of Table 1 having the design characteristics described in Column 2 shall be assigned the corresponding IBC Code in Column 3.

4.4 Use of the letter "W"

When assigned in accordance with the requirements of 11.10, the capital letter “W” shall follow the IBC Code.

4.5 Service equipment

The service equipment of an IBC shall be protected, or positioned in order to protect it, from damage during handling and transport. An IBC consisting of a body within a framework shall be constructed in such a way that the service equipment cannot be damaged if the connections between the framework allow relative expansion or movement.

4.6 Bottom discharge valve

The bottom discharge valve of an IBC shall be designed so that it can be secured in the closed position and so that the open or closed position is readily visible.

4.7 Intermediate bulk container design type report

A report shall be completed in accordance with Annex A for every IBC design type, and the report shall be submitted to the Director.

4.8 Notice to the user

The manufacturer or subsequent distributor shall provide a notice (in writing or by electronic means) to the initial user containing a list of primary components including service equipment. The description shall include sufficient information to ensure the IBC is closed in the same manner it was tested. For mobile IBCs, the notice shall also include the method to secure the IBC on the means of transport.

Note: A manufacturer or distributor selling more than one IBC of the same design to the same customer is not required to provide a notice at each sale as long as the design remains unchanged. However the manufacturer or distributor may provide a notice at least once every two years.

4.9 Maximum capacity

Unless otherwise specified in the standard, the maximum capacity of an IBC shall not be more than:

Table summary

The following Table 1 describes the design characteristics and codes for UN standardized IBC materials of steel, aluminium, metal other than steel or aluminium, flexible textile, flexible paper, rigid plastic, composite, fibreboard, natural wood, plywood and reconstituted paper.

Table 1— UN standardized IBCs
Column 1
IBC material
Column 2
Design characteristics
Column 3
IBC code
Steel for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity 11A
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure 21A
for liquids 31A
Aluminum for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity 11B
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure 21B
for liquids 31B
Metal other than steel or aluminum for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity 11N
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure 21N
for liquids 31N
Flexible plastic woven plastic without coating and liner 13H1
woven plastic, coated without liner 13H2
woven plastic, with liner without coating 13H3
woven plastic, coated with a liner 13H4
plastic film 13H5
Flexible textile without coating and liner 13L1
coated without liner 13L2
with liner without coating 13L3
coated with liner 13L4
Flexible paper multiwall 13M1
multiwall, water-resistant 13M2
Rigid plastic for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, fitted with structural equipment 11H1
for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, free-standing 11H2
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure, fitted with structural equipment 21H1
for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, free-standing 21H2
for liquids, fitted with structural equipment 31H1
for liquids, free-standing 31H2
Composite for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, with rigid plastic inner receptacle 11HZ1 Footnote 1
for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, with flexible plastic inner receptacle 11HZ2 Footnote 1
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure, with rigid plastic inner receptacle 21HZ1 Footnote 1
for solids, loaded or discharged under pressure, with flexible plastic inner receptacle 21HZ2 Footnote 1
for liquids, with rigid plastic inner receptacle 31HZ1 Footnote 1
for liquids, with flexible plastic inner receptacle 31HZ2 Footnote 1
Fibreboard for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity 11G
Natural wood for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, with inner liner 11C
Plywood for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, with inner liner 11D
Reconstituted wood for solids, loaded or discharged by gravity, with inner liner 11F

5 Compliance mark

5.1 Primary marking

5.1.1 Size, location, and content

Every IBC shall bear markings that are durable, legible, at least 12 mm in height, and readily visible. The markings shall appear on the body of the IBC or, in the case of a composite IBC, on the outer casing. The markings shall consist of the following sequence of numbers, letters and symbols:

5.1.2 Maximum permissible gross mass and maximum permissible load

The maximum permissible gross mass and maximum permissible load may be rounded up to the next:

5.1.3 Change in the maximum permissible gross mass and maximum permissible load

The marked maximum permissible gross mass or maximum permissible load of a UN standardized IBC design type that has been changed in accordance with the requirements of 8.1.1 b) and 8.1.2.3 a) shall be changed to the maximum permissible gross mass or maximum permissible load of the modified IBC design.

5.1.4 Examples of primary marking

Examples of markings for various design types of UN standardized IBCs follow:

Marking

Description

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

11A/Y/04 14
CAN/ABC 4-01/
5500/1500

A steel IBC for solids charged or discharged by gravity / for packing groups II and III / manufactured in April 2014 / authorized by Canada /manufactured by ABC company / Design registration number 4-01 / the stacking test load in kg / the maximum permissible gross mass in kg.

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

13H3/Z/04 14
CAN/ABC 4-02/
0/1500

A flexible IBC for solids charged or discharged by gravity and made from woven plastic without coating with a liner / for packing group III / manufactured in April 2014 / authorized by Canada / manufactured by ABC company / Design registration number 4-02 / not designed to be stacked / the maximum permissible load in kg.

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

31H1/Y/04 14
CAN/ABC 4-03/
10800/1200

A rigid plastic IBC for liquids / for packing groups II and III / manufactured in April 2014 / authorized by Canada / manufactured by ABC company / Design registration number 4-03 / the stacking test load in kg / the maximum permissible gross mass in kg.

Circle that contains letters u and n one above the other.

31HA1/Y/04 14
CAN/ABC 4-04/
10800/1200

A composite IBC for liquids with a rigid plastic inner receptacle and steel outer casing / for packing groups II and III / manufactured in April 2014 / authorized by Canada / manufactured by ABC company / Design registration number 4-04 / the stacking test load in kg / the maximum permissible gross mass in kg.

5.2 Additional marking

5.2.1 Location and content

In addition to the primary markings requirements in 5.1, every IBC of an IBC design type indicated by an “X” in Column 2 of Table 2 shall bear durable and legible markings consisting of the corresponding information in Column 1 of Table 2.

5.2.2 Tare mass

The tare mass may be rounded up to the next:

5.2.3 Capacity

The capacity may be rounded up to the next:

5.2.4 Changes to the tare mass

The marked tare mass of a IBC design type that has been changed in accordance with the requirements of 8.1.1 b) and 8.1.2.3 a) shall be modified to the tare mass of the modified IBC design.

5.2.5 Flexible Intermediate bulk containers

A flexible IBC may bear a pictogram indicating the lifting method.

5.2.6 Composite Intermediate bulk containers
Table summary

The following Table 2 describes additional marking for IBC design types of metal, rigid plastic, composite, fibreboard, wooden and flexible.

Table 2—Additional marking
Column 1
Additional marking
Column 2
IBC design type
Metal Rigid plastic Composite Footnote 2 Fibreboard Wooden Flexible
Rated or maximum capacity Footnote 3 in litres _/ Footnote 4 at 20 °C X X X N/A N/A N/A
Tare mass in kg _/ Footnote 4 X X X X X N/A
Test (gauge) pressure, in kPa or bar _/ Footnote 4 if applicable N/A X X N/A N/A N/A
Maximum loading/discharge pressure in kPa or bar _ / Footnote 4 if applicable X Footnote 5 X Footnote 5 X Footnote 5 N/A N/A N/A
Body material and its minimum thickness in mm _/ Footnote 4 X N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Marking of the last leak test and inspection X X X N/A N/A N/A
Serial number of the IBC X N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Maximum permitted stacking load Footnote 6 X X X X X X
5.2.7 Maximum permissible stacking load or non-stackable IBC symbol

5.2.7.1 The maximum permitted stacking load applicable when the IBC is in use shall be displayed on a symbol as shown in 5.2.7.1.1 or 5.2.7.1.2. The symbol and lettering shall be applied against a background of suitably contrasting color. The length of any side of the symbol as displayed on an IBC shall be equal to or greater than 100 mm. The letters and numbers shall be at least 12 mm high.

5.2.7.1.1 The maximum permissible stacking load symbol shall appear as illustrated below, where “…kg max” is replaced with the actual maximum permissible stacking load followed by “kg max”. The mass marked above the symbol shall not exceed the stacking test load divided by 1.8.

Black square with an arrow on top pointing down representing the maximum permissible stacking load—Image description below.

Image description

Symbol of a solid black square with an arrow on top pointing down representing the maximum permissible stacking load in kilograms. The minimum dimensions of this symbol are 100 mm x 100 mm.

5.2.7.1.2 The non-stackable IBC symbol shall appear as illustrated below.

Black square under a white square marked with an X representing the non-stackable IBC symbol—Image description below.

Image description

Symbol of a solid black square under a black outlined white square marked with an X representing a non-stackable IBC. The minimum dimensions of this symbol are 100 mm x 100 mm.

5.2.8 Mobile intermediate bulk containers—Lift restriction

Mobile IBCs designed with lifting lugs or other top lifting devices for which a representative prototype has not been successfully top lift tested in accordance with 7.4 shall bear the following durable and legible markings adjacent to the additional marking in 5.2:

5.2.9 Compliance marks on remanufactured intermediate bulk containers (other than cross-bottled intermediate bulk containers)

When a UN design type is converted to another UN design type, the original primary and additional markings specified in 5.1.1 and 5.2.1 shall be removed or made permanently illegible and new primary marking and additional markings shall be applied in accordance with this standard.

5.2.10 Compliance marks on remanufactured intermediate bulk containers (cross-bottled intermediate bulk containers)

The original primary and additional marking specified in 5.1.1 and 5.2.1 shall be removed from the outer cage or made permanently illegible and new primary marking and additional marking shall be applied to the outer cage. The inner receptacle shall keep its original marking in accordance with this standard.

5.2.11 Additional marking for recycled plastic material

IBCs manufactured from recycled plastic shall be marked “REC” near the primary marking.

5.2.12 Additional marking of country of manufacture

If the IBC is not manufactured in Canada, the country of manufacture shall be marked (for example: “Made in (Country of manufacture)”) near the primary marking.

5.2.13 Illegible or missing compliance marks

5.2.13.1 General

When the compliance mark on an IBC is illegible or missing, the owner, the manufacturer or a registered leak test and inspection facility shall replace the compliance mark in accordance with 5.2.13.2.

5.2.13.2 Supporting documentation

Prior to the installation of a replacement compliance mark:

If no documentation can be obtained, a replacement mark shall not be applied.

6 Detailed requirements

6.1 Metal intermediate bulk containers

6.1.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to metal IBCs for the transport of solids and liquids. There are three categories of metal IBCs:

6.1.2 General construction

The body of the IBC shall be constructed of ductile metal. Low temperature performance shall be taken into account when applicable. Welds shall maintain the integrity of the body when the IBC is subjected to the test procedures required by this standard.

6.1.3 Aluminum Intermediate bulk container for flammable liquids

An IBC made of aluminum that is designed for transporting flammable liquids shall have no moveable parts, such as covers or closures, made of unprotected steel that is liable to rust.

6.1.4 General requirements

The IBC shall be made of ductile metal that meets the following requirements:

6.1.5 Dissimilar metals

The IBC shall not be made of dissimilar metals that could cause deterioration by galvanic action due to their juxtaposition.

6.1.6 Minimum wall thickness
Table summary

The following Table 3 describes the minimum wall thickness of metal IBCs when the capacity of the IBC is less than or equal to 1000 litres, greater than 1000 litres and less than or equal to 2000 litres, greater than 2000 litres and less than or equal to 3000 litres and greater than 3000 litres and less than or equal to 5000 litres.

Table 3—Minimum wall thickness of metal IBCs
Capacity (C) of the IBC
L
Minimum wall thickness of the IBC
mm
IBC code 11A, 11B or 11N IBC code 21A, 21B, 21N IBC code 31A, 31B and 31N
Unprotected Protected Footnote 7 Unprotected Protected Footnote 7 Unprotected Protected Footnote 7
Less than or equal to 1000 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.5 2.0
Greater than 1000 and less than or equal to 2000 C/2000 + 1.5 C/2000 + 1.0 C/2000 + 2.0 C/2000 + 1.5 C/2000 + 2.0 C/2000 + 1.5
Greater than 2000 and less than or equal to 3000 C/2000 + 1.5 C/2000 + 1.0 C/1000 + 1.0 C/2000 + 1.5 C/1000 + 1.0 C/2000 + 1.5
Greater than 3000 and less than or equal to 5000 Footnote 8 N/A N/A N/A N/A C/1000 + 1.0 C/2000 + 1.5
6.1.7 Emergency pressure-relief device
6.1.8 Mobile intermediate bulk container

6.1.8.1 Stability of the means of transport

A mobile IBC that is to be transported partially loaded shall be designed to control liquid sloshing such as not to compromise the IBC structural integrity and the stability of the means of transport.

6.1.8.2 Openings

Openings shall be located in the vapour space unless they are completely enclosed within the footprint of the mobile IBC or sufficiently protected on each side to prevent the loss of the dangerous good content in case of an accident. Openings shall be constructed of metal that is not subjected to deterioration by the dangerous good and closed by a plug, valve or other service equipment located as close to the body of the mobile IBC as practical.

6.1.8.3 Gauging devices

Mobile IBCs may be equipped with a gauging device that indicates the liquid content by volume or liquid level. Gauging devices such as sight tube shall be completely enclosed within the footprint of the IBC or sufficiently protected on each side. Tubes of sight tubes shall be made of strong and impact-resistant material. Sight tubes shall be equipped with a valve at each end and closed in transport.

6.1.8.4 Piping

Any piping on an opening located in the liquid space of the mobile IBC that extends the protection referred to in 6.1.8.2 shall be designed to act as a sacrificial device to protect the mobile IBC in case of an accident. The opening shall also be equipped with a valve located as close to the mobile IBC as practical.

6.1.8.5 Baffles

If the IBC is equipped with baffles, they shall be substantial enough and welded on enough of their length to ensure sufficient reinforcement of the mobile IBC under normal condition of transport.

6.1.8.6 Multiple compartments

Mobile IBCs designed with multiple compartments shall have interstitial spaces between each compartment. Interstitial spaces shall also have a drain at the bottom that is accessible for inspection. Drains shall be closed in transport.

6.2 Flexible intermediate bulk containers

6.2.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to flexible IBCs for the transport of solids only.

6.2.2 Seams

The seams of the IBC shall be formed by stitching, heat sealing, gluing or an equally effective method that meets the requirements of 6.2.6. The ends of a stitched seam shall be secured.

6.2.3 Resistance to environmental degradation

The materials of construction shall provide resistance to aging and degradation caused by the external environment and, if required, by ultraviolet degradation; and shall be compatible with the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used. Substances that are added to the materials of construction to protect the IBC against ultraviolet radiation shall be compatible with the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used and shall be effective throughout the life of the body.

6.2.4 Recycled plastic

Except for recycled plastic material, no used material other than production residues or regrind from the same manufacturing process shall be used in the body. The specific properties of the recycled plastic material used for production of new IBCs shall be assured and documented under a quality management system meeting the requirement of 10.3.

6.2.5 Height to width ratio

When filled, the ratio of height to width of the IBC shall be equal to or less than 2:1.

6.2.6 Joints and closures

When the IBC is tested in accordance with the appropriate test procedures defined in section 7 of this standard, the joints and closures of the IBC shall be sift-proof and shall be capable of withstanding pressures and impacts.

6.2.7 Code 13M1 or 13M2 intermediate bulk container

After complete immersion in water for at least 24 h, the materials used in the construction of a Code 13M1 or 13M2 IBC shall retain at least 85% of their tensile strength, as measured originally on the material that was conditioned to equilibrium at 67% or less relative humidity (RH).

6.3 Rigid plastic intermediate bulk containers

6.3.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to rigid plastics IBCs for the transport of solids and liquids. Rigid plastics IBCs are of the following types:

6.3.2 Material of construction

The body of the IBC shall be made of suitable plastic resin of known specifications.

6.3.3 Resistance to environmental degradation

The material of construction shall provide resistance to aging and degradation caused by the external environment and, if required, by ultraviolet radiation; and shall be compatible with the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used. Substances that are added to the material of construction to protect the IBC against ultraviolet radiation shall be compatible with the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used and shall be effective throughout the life cycle of the body.

6.3.4 Recycled plastic

Except for recycled plastic material, no used material other than production residue or regrind from the same manufacturing process shall be used in the body. The specific properties of the recycled plastic material used for production of new IBCs shall be assured and documented under a quality management system meeting the requirement of 10.3.

6.4 Composite Intermediate bulk containerss

6.4.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to composite IBCs for the transport of solids and liquids. Composite IBCs are of the following types:

6.4.2 Outer casing

When tested in accordance with the appropriate test procedures in this standard, the outer casing of the IBC, including the pallet base if applicable, shall consist of rigid material that is capable of protecting the inner receptacle from physical damage. The strength of the material and the construction of the outer casing shall be appropriate to the capacity of the composite IBC and its intended use.

6.4.3 Inner receptacle
6.4.4 Resistance to environmental degradation

The materials of construction shall provide resistance to aging and degradation caused by the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used and, if required, by ultraviolet radiation and the external environment. If applicable, low-temperature performance shall be determined and incorporated into the design. Substances that are added to the materials to protect the IBC against ultraviolet radiation shall be compatible with the dangerous goods for which the IBC is to be used and shall be effective throughout the life cycle of the body.

6.4.5 Recycled plastic

Except for recycled plastic material, no used material other than production residue or regrind from the same manufacturing process, shall be used in the inner receptacle. The specific properties of the recycled plastic material used for production of new IBCs shall be assured and documented under a quality management system meeting the requirement of 10.3.

6.4.6 Projections on an outer casing

The outer casing of the IBC shall be free from any projections that could damage the inner receptacle during handling and transport.

6.4.7 Joints of fibreboard outer casing

The joints of the outer casing of a composite IBC that is made of fibreboard shall be taped, lapped and glued, or lapped and stitched with metal staples. The adhesive of glued or taped joints shall be water-resistant.

6.4.8 Pallet base

An integral pallet base forming part of the IBC or a detachable pallet base shall be designed for mechanical handling with the IBC loaded to its maximum permissible gross mass. If a detachable pallet base is used, the outer casing of the IBC shall be secured to the pallet to ensure stability during handling and transport. The integral pallet base or detachable pallet base shall be free from projections that could damage the IBC during handling and transport.

6.4.9 Stacking

An IBC designed for stacking shall have a bearing surface that evenly distributes the load and shall be designed so that the load is not supported by the inner receptacle. Strengthening devices, such as timber supports used to increase the stacking performance of the IBC, shall be external to the inner receptacle.

6.4.10 Code 31HZ2 intermediate bulk container

A Code 31HZ2 IBC shall have a capacity that is equal to or less than 1250 L. The inner receptacle shall consist of a minimum three plies of film. The outer casing shall enclose the inner receptacle on all sides.

6.5 Fibreboard intermediate bulk containers

6.5.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to fibreboard IBCs for the transport of solids which are loaded and discharged by gravity.

6.5.2 Material of construction

The body of the IBC

6.5.3 Puncture resistance

The top, bottom and walls of the IBC shall have a minimum puncture resistance of 15 J when tested in accordance with the requirements of ISO 3036.

6.5.4 Joints in the fibreboard

The joints of the body of the IBC shall be lapped and taped, lapped and glued, lapped and stitched with metal staples, or made by another equally effective method. The adhesive of glued or taped joints shall be water-resistant. If a liner is used, metal staples shall pass completely through all fibreboard pieces and shall be protected to prevent any damage to the liner.

6.5.5 Liner

If a liner is used, the joints and closures of the liner shall be sift-proof when the IBC is tested in accordance with the appropriate test procedures in this standard

6.5.6 Top-lifting device

The IBC shall not incorporate top-lifting devices.

6.5.7 Pallet base

An integral pallet base forming part of the IBC or a detachable pallet base shall be designed for mechanical handling with the IBC loaded to its maximum permissible gross mass. If a detachable pallet base is used, the body of the IBC shall be secured to the pallet to ensure stability during handling and transport. The integral pallet base or detachable pallet base shall be free from projections that could damage the IBC during handling and transport.

6.5.8 Stacking

An IBC designed for stacking shall have a bearing surface that evenly distributes the load. Strengthening devices, such as timber supports used to increase the stacking performance of the IBC, shall be external to the liner if a liner is used.

6.6 Wooden intermediate bulk containers

6.6.1 General requirements

These requirements apply to wooden IBCs for the transport of solids which are loaded and discharged by gravity. The IBC shall not incorporate top-lifting devices. The walls of the IBC shall be firmly fastened together. The strength of the materials used and the method of construction of the body shall be appropriate to the capacity and intended use of the IBC.

6.6.2 Natural wood body

If the body of the IBC is made of natural wood, the wood shall be well seasoned, commercially dry and free from defects that would reduce the strength of the IBC. The wood shall also consist of parts that are made of one piece or the equivalent. A part is equivalent to one piece when one or more parts are glued together to form a single unit. The parts shall be assembled using a Lindermann joint, a tongue and groove joint, a ship-lapped joint, a rabbet joint, and a butt joint with at least two corrugated metal fasteners at each joint.

6.6.3 Plywood body

If the body of the IBC is made of plywood,

6.6.4 Reconstituted wood body

If the body of the IBC is made of reconstituted wood, the wood shall be made of water-resistant reconstituted wood such as hardboard, particleboard or other suitable type.

6.6.5 Liner

The IBC shall have a liner. The joints and closures of the liner shall be sift-proof when tested in accordance with the appropriate test procedures in this standard.

6.6.6 Top-lifting device

The IBC shall not incorporate top-lifting devices.

6.6.7 Pallet base

An integral pallet base forming part of the IBC or a detachable pallet base shall be designed for mechanical handling with the IBC loaded to its maximum permissible gross mass. If a detachable pallet base is used, the body of the IBC shall be secured to the pallet to ensure stability during handling and transport. The integral pallet base or detachable pallet base shall be free from projections that could damage the IBC during handling and transport.

6.6.8 Stacking

An IBC designed for stacking shall have a bearing surface that evenly distributes the load. Strengthening devices, such as timber supports used to increase the stacking performance of the IBC, shall be external to the liner.

7 Test requirements for intermediate bulk containers

7.1 General requirements

7.1.1 Test samples

The relevant performance test requirements set out in this section shall be successfully performed on an IBC of every design type.

7.1.2 Variations

Tests shall be repeated after any modification of the design type, other than the modifications specified in section 8. Design variations shall be documented in the IBC design type report required and made available to the Director upon request. The Director may permit some or all of the tests in Part I to be waived for an IBC design that differs only in minor respects from a UN standardized IBC design type.

7.1.3 Test schedule

Submit one IBC of the design type and IBC code listed in Column 1 of Table 4 to all the applicable performance tests of Part I in the order specified by the ordinal number in the other columns of the table.

7.2 Preparation for testing

7.2.1 Test media

Before testing in accordance with the applicable requirements in 7.3 to 7.13, load the IBC with the dangerous goods intended for handling or transport. Alternatively, load with a substitute that represents the dangerous goods intended for transport, unless loading with a substitute would invalidate the results of the tests. It is permissible to use additives, such as bags of lead shot, to achieve the requisite total mass provided the materials are placed so that the test results are not affected. If a substitute is used for solids in the tests, it shall have the same physical characteristics, including mass and grain size, as the dangerous goods intended for transport.

7.2.2 Mobile intermediate bulk containers

A mobile IBC shall be fitted with the loading, unloading and venting devices intended to be installed on the IBC during use or a substitute that represents the loading, unloading and venting devices including the maximum mass for the devices.

7.2.3 Conditioning

7.2.3.1 Fibreboard conditioning

Condition fibreboard IBCs and composite IBCs with fibreboard outer casings in accordance with ASTM D685 or TAPPI T402. Condition for at least 24 h in an atmosphere having a controlled temperature and relative humidity (RH) with an average value in the range of one of the following:

7.2.4 Compatibility test

Compatibility of Code 31H or 31HZ IBC with the dangerous goods shall be demonstrated by successfully passing a compatibility test unless such compatibility is demonstrated by successful user experience.

This may be done, for example, by submitting sample IBCs to a preliminary test extending over a long period, for example six months, during which the samples would remain filled with the substances they are intended to contain or with substances which are known to have at least as severe a stress-cracking, weakening or molecular degradation influence on the plastics materials in question, and after which the samples shall be submitted to the applicable tests listed in Table 4.

Table summary

The following Table 4 describes the IBC test requirements and test schedule for IBC types of metal, flexible, rigid plastic, composite, fibreboard and wooden.

Table 4—IBC test requirements and test schedule
Col. 1
IBC code
Col. 2
Bottom
lift testFootnote 9 (see 7.3)
Col. 3
Top lift
testFootnote 9 (see 7.4)
Col. 4
Stacking
testFootnote 10 (see 7.5)
Col. 5
Leakproofness test (see 7.6)
Col. 6
Hydraulic pressure
test (see 7.7)
Col. 7
Drop
testFootnote 13 (see 7.8)
Col. 8
Tear
test (see 7.9)
Col. 9
Topple
test (see 7.10)
Col. 10
Righting
testFootnote 11 (see 7.11)
Col. 11
Rollover
testFootnote 12, Footnote 13 (see 7.12)
Col. 12
Vibration
testFootnote 13 (see 7.13)
Metal: 11A, 11B, 11N 1st 2nd 3rd N/A N/A Any order N/A N/A N/A Any order N/A
Metal: 21A, 21B, 21N 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A Any order N/A
Metal: 31A, 31B, 31N 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A Any order Any order
FlexibleFootnote 14 N/A XFootnote 11 X N/A N/A X X X X N/A N/A
Rigid plastic: 11H1, 11H2 1st 2nd 3rd N/A N/A Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Rigid plastic: 21H1, 21H2 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Rigid plastic: 31H1, 31H2 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A Any order
Composite: 11HZ1, 11HZ2 1st 2nd 3rd N/A N/A Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Composite: 21HZ1, 21HZ2 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Composite: 31HZ1, 31HZ2 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A Any order
Fibreboard 1st N/A 2nd N/A N/A Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Wooden 1st N/A 2nd N/A N/A Any order N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

7.3 Bottom lift test

7.3.1 Scope

Conduct the test on an IBC of any design type that is fitted with a means of lifting from the base, including fibreboard or wooden IBC.

7.3.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.3.3, the IBC shall be filled and a load shall be added and evenly distributed. The mass of the filled IBC and the load shall be 1.25 times the maximum permissible gross mass.

7.3.3 Procedure

Raise and lower the IBC twice by a lift truck. Space the forks at a distance equal to three quarters of the direction of entry and centrally position them, unless the points of entry are fixed. Penetrate the forks to three quarters of the direction of entry. Repeat the test from each possible direction of entry.

7.3.4 Results

After testing, there shall be no permanent deformation of the structural equipment or release of the contents.

7.4 Top lift test

7.4.1 Scope

Conduct the test on an IBC of any design type that is designed to be lifted from the top and on any flexible IBC that is designed to be lifted from the top or the side.

7.4.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.4.3, follow the steps below, as applicable.

7.4.3 Procedure
7.4.4 Results

Criteria for passing the test

7.5 Stacking test

7.5.1 Scope

Conduct the test on an IBC of any design type that is designed to have other IBCs of the same design type stacked on it. In the case of a mobile IBC, conduct the test if the IBC is designed to support a load.

7.5.2 Preparation for Testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.5.3, follow the steps below, as applicable.

7.5.3 Procedure
7.5.4 Results

Criteria for passing the test

7.6 Leakproofness test

7.6.1 Scope

Conduct the test on an IBC of a design type used for liquids or for solids that are loaded or unloaded under pressure.

7.6.2 Pressure gauge

The pressure shall be measured by use of a gauge of suitable range and accuracy. The gauge shall be regularly calibrated or be frequently verified for accuracy against a regularly calibrated gauge.

7.6.3 Procedure

Perform the test before fitting any thermal insulation equipment. Replace the vented closures with similar non-vented closures that are fastened in the closed position. Alternatively, remove the vented closures and plug their openings. Apply an air pressure of at least 20 kPa (0.2 bar) to the body or inner receptacle of the IBC. Hold the pressure for at least 10 min. During the test,

7.6.4 Double-walled mobile intermediate bulk containers

When possible, the secondary containment space of a double-walled mobile IBC shall also undergo a leakproofness test in accordance with 7.6.3. To avoid possible damage to the primary containment while the secondary containment space is being leak tested, an air pressure may be maintained in the primary containment.

7.6.5 Mobile intermediate bulk containers with multiple compartments

Interstitial spaces shall also undergo a leakproofness test in accordance with 7.6.3.

7.6.6 Results

There shall be no leakage of air from the body or inner receptacle of the IBC.

7.7 Hydraulic pressure test

7.7.1 Scope

Conduct the test on an IBC of a design type used for liquids or for solids that are loaded or unloaded under pressure.

7.7.2 Pressure gauge

The pressure shall be measured by use of a gauge of suitable range and accuracy. The gauge shall be regularly calibrated or be frequently verified for accuracy against a regularly calibrated gauge.

7.7.3 Procedure
Table summary

The following Table 5 describes the IBC test pressure for various IBC codes.

Table 5—IBC test pressure
IBC code Packing group Pressure (gauge)
kPa (bar)
21A, 21B or 21N I 250 kPa (2.5 bar)
21A, 21B, 21N II, III 200 kPa (2.0 bar)
31A, 31B or 31N any 65 kPa (0.65 bar) for the first test and 200 kPa (2.0 bar)
for the second test
21H1, 21H2, 21HZ1 or 21HZ2 any 75 kPa (0.75 bar)
31H1, 31H2, 31HZ1 or 31HZ2 any An agreed pressure set by the user or see 7.7.3 c)
7.7.4 Results

Criteria for passing the test

7.8 Drop test

7.8.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of any design type.

7.8.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.8.3, follow the steps below, as applicable.

7.8.3 Procedure
7.8.4 Drop height

7.8.4.1 Table 6 specifies the drop test height for solids or liquids. The test is performed with the solid or liquid to be transported or with another substance having essentially the same physical characteristics:

Table summary

The following Table 6 describes drop test height for solids and liquids in packing groups I, II and III.

Table 6—Drop test height for solids and liquids
State Packing group I Packing group II Packing group III
Solids 1.8 m 1.2 m 0.8 m
Liquids N/AFootnote 15 1.2 m 0.8 m

7.8.4.2 For liquids if the test is performed with water:

Table summary

The following Table 7A describes drop test height for liquids if the test is performed with water where the substances to be transported have a relative density not exceeding 1.2.

Table 7A—Drop test height for liquids if the test is performed with water
Packing group I Packing group II Packing group III
N/AFootnote 16 1.2 m 0.8 m
Table summary

The following Table 7B describes drop test height for liquids if the test is performed with water where the substances to be transported have a relative density exceeding 1.2.

Table 7B—Drop test height for liquids if the test is performed with water
Packing group I Packing group II Packing group III
N/AFootnote 17 d × 1.0 m d × 0.67 m
7.8.5 Results

Criteria for passing the test:

7.9 Tear test

7.9.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of a flexible design type.

7.9.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.9.3, load the IBC to at least 95% of its capacity and to its maximum permissible load. Distribute the load evenly.

7.9.3 Procedure
7.9.4 Results

The original cut shall not have increased in length to more than 125 mm.

7.10 Topple test

7.10.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of a flexible design type.

7.10.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.10.3, load the IBC to at least 95% of its capacity and to its maximum permissible load. Distribute the load evenly.

7.10.3 Procedure

Topple an unrestrained IBC from a raised platform at the height specified in Table 8 for the packing group for which the IBC is designed to be used. Ensure that the IBC lands on any part of its top onto a rigid, non-resilient, smooth, flat, horizontal surface.

Table summary

The following Table 8 describes topple test height for packing groups I, II and III.

Table 8—Topple test height
Packing group I Packing group II Packing group III
1.8 m 1.2 m 0.8 m
7.10.4 Results

There shall be no release of the contents. However, a slight discharge from a closure or stitch hole, upon impact, shall not be considered to be a failure of the IBC provided that no further leakage occurs.

7.11 Righting test

7.11.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of a design type that is a flexible and designed to be lifted from the top or side.

7.11.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.11.3, load the IBC to at least 95% of its capacity and to its maximum permissible load. Distribute the load evenly.

7.11.3 Procedure

Lay the IBC on its side and lift by one lifting device, or by two lifting devices if four lifting devices are provided. Lift at a speed equal to or greater than 0.1 m/s until the IBC is in the upright position and not resting on the ground.

7.11.4 Results

There shall be no damage to the IBC or its lifting devices.

7.12 Rollover test

7.12.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of a mobile design type.

7.12.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.12.3, secure the IBC to a platform using the method to be used during transport. The platform shall be constructed to withstand, without deformation, the stresses to which it is subjected during the test in 7.12.3. The edges of the platform shall extend a minimum of 300 mm beyond the horizontal outside dimensions of the IBC. Load the IBC with water to at least 95% of its capacity.

7.12.3 Procedure

Place the IBC and its platform on a level concrete surface. Raise a long side of the platform, pivoting the assembly on the other long side until it passes the balance point and the assembly rolls unrestrained.

7.12.4 Results

7.13 Vibration test

7.13.1 Scope

Conduct this test on an IBC of a rigid design type used for liquids.

7.13.2 Preparation for testing

Before testing in accordance with 7.13.3,

7.13.3 Procedure
7.13.4 Results

There shall be no release of the contents or damage to the structural equipment of the IBC.

8 Modifications to an intermediate bulk container

8.1 Modifications without retesting

The following changes may be made to an IBC or to a registered IBC design type without retesting the IBC design type if other design specifications remain unchanged. The manufacturer shall submit a revised description of the modified IBC to the Director.

8.1.1 Modifications applicable to any types of IBC design types
8.1.2 Modifications applicable to specific types of IBC design types

8.1.2.1 Flexible intermediate bulk containers:

8.1.2.2 Metal intermediate bulk containers:

Stainless steel may substitute for mild steel provided that minimal properties (tensile and elongation) of the stainless steel equal or exceed the properties of the mild steel used for the performance testing and welds properties are equal or superior to the material that was tested.

8.1.2.3 Mobile intermediate bulk containers:

8.2 Modifications with testing

The following changes may be made to a registered IBC design type if the specific tests, as indicated, are conducted on the IBC. The test report and revised description of the modified IBC design type shall be submitted to the Director by the manufacturer.

9 Production testing

9.1 Code 21 or 31 intermediate bulk containers

Every IBC intended to contain solids charged or discharged by pressure or intended to contain liquids that is manufactured shall be subjected to the leakproofness test in 7.6 or to an alternative test method. The period over which the test is conducted shall be sufficient to detect leaks that would be identified by the design type test method. Manufacturers who employ an alternative test method shall be able to demonstrate that their leak detection system complies with the requirements of the standard. Alternative test methods shall be validated by the facility, the test equipment manufacturer or a third party. All validation data shall be retained for 36 months after the test method is no longer used by the facility.

9.2 Double-walled mobile intermediate bulk containers

When possible, the secondary containment space of a double-walled mobile IBC shall also be subjected to the leak test referred in 9.1.

9.3 Mobile Intermediate bulk containers with multiple compartments

Interstitial spaces shall also be subjected to the leak test referred in 9.1.

10 Quality management system

10.1 General

IBCs shall be manufactured and remanufactured under a quality management system capable of ensuring that the IBCs are in accordance with the tested and registered design specified in the design report, the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations. Each manufacturing facility operated by the manufacturer shall have a quality management system that conforms to 10.2.

10.2 Quality standard

10.2.1 The quality management system shall conform to the requirements of ISO 9001 and be registered with a quality management system registrar accredited or recognized by the Standards Council of Canada (SCC), or a foreign quality assurance systems registrar recognized by the SCC.

10.2.2 Despite the requirement specified in 10.2.1, remanufacturers performing only cross-bottling activities are not required to be registered with a quality management system registrar accredited or recognized by the Standards Council of Canada (SCC), or a foreign quality assurance systems registrar recognized by the SCC. However, the facility shall adhere to a quality management system meeting the requirements specified in 10.2.3.

10.2.3 Specific elements and processes of the quality management system

The quality management system of a facility performing cross-bottling shall include all the following elements and processes:

10.2.3.1 Management commitment

Facility management shall appoint a member of management who, irrespective of other responsibilities, has the authority and responsibility for overseeing the quality management system of the facility, including

10.2.3.2 Human resources

A human resources management process that

10.2.3.3 Purchasing

A purchasing control process shall be established and maintained to ensure that purchased parts conform to the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations.

10.2.3.4 Program documentation manual

A program documentation manual shall be developed, with the following components:

10.3 Recycled plastic material

10.3.1 The specific properties of recycled plastic material

The specific properties of recycled plastic material used for the manufacture of new IBCs shall be verified and documented regularly as part of a quality management system meeting the requirement specified in 10.3.2.

10.3.2 The quality management system shall enable the facility to identify

11 Transport Canada registration

11.1 General

UN standardized IBCs shall not be manufactured under this standard unless the manufacturing facility and the IBC design type have been registered with the Director. Remanufactured IBCs are subject to the same design and manufacturing requirements that apply to new IBCs and the design type shall be registered with the Director.

11.2 Certificate of registration

A manufacturing facility is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Certificate of registration. The Certificate of registration remains valid until its indicated expiry date or its revocation for cause.

11.3 Design registration number

An IBC design type is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Design registration number. The Design registration number remains valid until its revocation for cause.

11.4 Application for registration

11.4.1 Manufacturing facility

An application for registration of a manufacturing facility shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

11.4.2 Intermediate bulk containers design type

An application to manufacture a new IBC design type shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

11.4.3 Cross-bottled composite intermediate bulk containers design type

An application to manufacture a cross-bottled composite IBC design type shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information:

11.5 Record retention

11.5.1 The manufacturer shall keep a copy of every application for registration of the manufacturing facility for as long as UN standardized IBCs are manufactured and at least two years thereafter.
11.5.2 The manufacturer shall keep a copy of every application to manufacture a new IBC design type or a new cross-bottled IBC design type for as long as UN standardized IBCs is manufactured and at least two years thereafter.

11.6 Registration and compliance

A Certificate of registration and Design registration number shall be issued by the Director, for a manufacturing facility if the Director is satisfied that:

11.7 Revocation for cause

11.7.1 Certificate of registration

The Director may revoke a Certificate of registration if the Director is satisfied that:

11.7.2 Design registration number

The Director may revoke a Design registration number if the Director is satisfied that;

11.8 Renewal of Certificate of registration

Manufacture of IBCs shall not continue past the expiry date of the Certificate of registration.

11.9 Application for renewal

An application for renewal of a Certificate of registration is subjected to the same process and conditions as the initial application for Certificate of registration relating to the manufacturer. The application for renewal shall also include a list of all currently registered IBC design types identified either as actively being manufactured or to be discontinued.

11.10 Equivalent specification (“W” marking)

The Director may issue a Registration number for an IBC design type that, although of a type described in Table 1, is manufactured to a different specification if the Director is satisfied that the IBC is equivalent to an IBC that conforms to the requirements of this standard. The Director shall assign the capital letter “W” to the IBC code.

11.11 Design modifications

When the modification is within the permitted design variations such that no new testing is required, the applicant is not required to submit an application. However, the documentation shall be made available upon request.

11.12 Transition period

A Certificate of registration issued in accordance with CAN/CGSB-43.146-2002 standard for an IBC design type shall be deemed to be registered as a manufacturing facility and for IBC design pursuant to section 10 of this Standard unless the certificate has expired or been revoked.

Part II—Selection and use of intermediate bulk containers for the handling, offering for transport, or transporting of classes 3, 4, 5, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods

12 General requirements

12.1 Selection and use

12.1.1 The dangerous goods described in Columns 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of the table in Annex B, Part 1, shall be handled, offered for transport, and transported

12.2 Before filling an intermediate bulk container

An IBC shall not be filled with dangerous goods unless the following conditions are fulfilled:

12.3 Filling and closing an intermediate bulk container

The following requirements shall apply:

12.4 Before offering for transport and transporting

An IBC containing dangerous goods shall be secured to the means of transport to prevent movement of the IBC that could damage the IBC, the other products in means of transport, or the means of transport itself.

12.5 Equivalent specifications

12.5.1 Standardized intermediate bulk container equivalent specification: specification 56 portable tank
12.5.2 Standardized intermediate bulk container or standardized mobile intermediate bulk container equivalent specification: specification 57 portable tank
12.5.3 Standardized mobile intermediate bulk container equivalent specification

The dangerous goods may be transported:

12.6 Periodic leak test and inspection

12.6.1 Periodic leak test and inspection: Intermediate bulk containers other than mobile intermediate bulk containers

An IBC for liquids, or for solids which is filled or discharged under pressure shall not be used in transport unless the IBC has been leak tested and inspected in accordance with Annex C within the previous 30 months.

However, an IBC filled with dangerous goods prior to the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection may be transported for a period not to exceed 12 months beyond the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection.

12.6.2 Periodic leak test and inspection: Lightweight intermediate bulk container

A lightweight IBC for liquids shall not be used in transport unless the IBC has been leak tested and inspected before each use in accordance with Annex C.

However, an IBC filled with dangerous goods prior to the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection may be transported for a period not to exceed 12 months beyond the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection.

12.6.3 Periodic leak test and inspection: Mobile intermediate bulk containers

A mobile IBC shall not be used in transport unless the IBC has been leak tested and inspected in accordance with Annex C within the previous 60 months.

However, an IBC filled with dangerous goods prior to the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection may be transported for a period not to exceed 12 months beyond the date of expiry of the last periodic test and inspection.

12.6.4 Periodic leak test and inspection: Outside of Canada

The requirements of 12.6.1, 12.6.2 or 12.6.3 have been complied with if an IBC has been leak tested and inspected in a country other than Canada in accordance with that country’s national regulations and with Chapter 6.5 of the UN Recommendations.

12.6.5 First leak test and inspection

Regarding 12.6.1 to 12.6.4, the date from which the first leak test and inspection period is measured for a Code 31H or 31HZ IBC shall be the date of manufacture of the body of the IBC or, in the case of a composite IBC, the inner receptacle.

12.7 Additional requirements for liquids

12.7.1 Maximum vapour pressure for liquids in rigid plastic or composite intermediate bulk containers

Unless otherwise permitted in the standard, a Code 31H or 31HZ IBC shall be loaded only with liquid dangerous goods having an absolute vapour pressure

Table D1 provides examples of various maximum vapour pressures for liquid dangerous goods and is presented for information in Annex D.

12.8 Additional requirements for solids

12.8.1 Solids that may become liquid in transport

Annex A (normative)
United Nations standardized intermediate bulk container design report

A.1 The following information for the successfully tested IBC design shall be provided in the UN standardized IBC design report (see 4.7). Information provided in the report shall only be used for assessing conformance to the requirements of this standard by the Director.

A.2 Contents

A.2.1 General

The report shall contain the following general information:

A.2.2 Performance testing

The report shall contain the following testing information:

A.3 Description of the intermediate bulk containers design type

A.3.1 Body, inner receptacle, outer casing

The report shall include

A.3.2 Drawings

Drawings submitted with the report shall include the date of the drawing, a unique drawing number, any revision number and the name of the manufacturer.

A.3.3 Other components

The report shall describe the components of the IBC, other than the body, inner receptacle and outer casing, including gaskets, liners, loading and discharge devices, and pallet base. The description shall include the dimensions and the materials of construction of the components.

A.3.4 Materials of construction

The report shall describe the materials of construction of all structural components of the IBC, including the body, inner receptacle, outer casing and liner.

A.3.5 Material specification

The description of the materials in A.3.4 shall include the following information:

A.4 Quality system

A.4.1 The report shall include a copy of the current quality system Certificate of registration in accordance with 10.2.

A.5 Certification statement

A.5.1 The report shall include a statement certifying that the IBC design type conforms to the requirements of this standard. The statement shall be signed by a representative of the IBC manufacturer, by the person who conducted the IBC tests, and by his or her employer if the employer is different from the IBC manufacturer.

Annex B (normative)

Part 1—Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods

Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 3—Flammable liquids
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 3 and PG I 3 Any or none I 11
Any All dangerous goods of class 3 and PG II, except those listed below: 3 Any or none II 2
1162 Dimethyldichlorosilane 3 8 II 11
1196 Ethyltrichlorosilane 3 8 II 11
1250 Methyltrichlorosilane 3 8 II 11
1261 Nitromethane 3 N/A II 11
1298 Trimethylchlorosilane 3 8 II 11
1305 Vinyltrichlorosilane, Stabilized 3 8 II 11
1308 Zirconium suspended in a flammable liquid 3 N/A II 11
2359 Diallylamine 3 6.1, 8 II 9
2985 Chlorosilanes, flammable, corrosive, N.O.S. 3 8 II 11
3064 Nitroglycerine, solution in alcohol with more than 1% but not more than 5% nitroglycerine 3 N/A II 11
3248 Medicine, liquid, flammable, toxic, N.O.S. 3 6.1 II 11
3269 Polyester resin kit 3 N/A II 11
3286 Flammable liquid, toxic, corrosive, N.O.S. 3 6.1, 8 II 9
3357 Nitroglycerine mixture, desensitized, liquid, N.O.S. with not more than 30% nitroglycerine, by mass 3 N/A II 11
Any All dangerous goods of class 3 and PG III, except those listed below: 3 Any or none III 3
1308 Zirconium suspended in a flammable liquid 3 N/A III 11
3248 Medicine, Liquid, Flammable, Toxic, N.O.S. 3 6.1 III 11
3256 Elevated Temperature Liquid, Flammable, N.O.S. with a flash point above 60 °C, at or above its flash point 3 N/A III 1
3269 Polyester resin kit 3 N/A III 11
Any Dangerous goods with no assigned packing group 3 N/A N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 4.1—Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid de-sensitized explosives
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.1 and PG I 4.1 Any or none I 11
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.1 and PG II, except those listed below: 4.1 Any or none II 6
Any Any self-reactive liquid or self-reactive solid 4.1 Any or none II 11
Any Any self-reactive liquid, temperature controled or self-reactive solid, temperature controlled 4.1 Any or none II 11
1309 Aluminium powder, coated 4.1 N/A II 8
1323 Ferrocerium 4.1 N/A II 8
1325 Flammable solid, organic, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 8
1333 Cerium, slabs, ingots or rods 4.1 N/A II 8
1339 Phosphorus heptasulphide, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1 N/A II 4
1341 Phosphorus sesquisulphide, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1 N/A II 4
1343 Phosphorus trisulphide, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.1 N/A II 4
1345 Rubber scrap or rubber shoddy, powdered or granulated, not exceeding 840 microns and rubber content exceeding 45% 4.1 N/A II 8
1437 Zirconium hydride 4.1 N/A II 4
1871 Titanium hydride 4.1 N/A II 4
2555 Nitrocellulose with water (not less than 25% water, by mass) 4.1 N/A II 11
2556 Nitrocellulose with alcohol (not less than 25% alcohol, by mass, and not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass) 4.1 N/A II 11
2557 Nitrocellulose, with not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass, mixture with or without platicizer, with or without pigment 4.1 N/A II 11
2989 Lead phosphite, dibasic 4.1 N/A II 8
3089 Metal powder, flammable, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 8
3097 Flammable solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.1 5.1 II 11
3176 Flammable solid, organic, molten, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 11
3178 Flammable solid, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 8
3181 Metal salts of organic compounds, flammable, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 8
3182 Metal hydrides, flammable, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A II 4
3229 Self-reactive liquid type F 4.1 N/A II 9
3230 Self-reactive solid type F 4.1 N/A II 9
3242 Azodicarbonamide 4.1 N/A II 11
3270 Nitrocellulose membrane filters, with not more than 12.6% nitrogen, by dry mass 4.1 N/A II 11
3319 Nitroglycerin mixture desensitized, solid, N.O.S. with more than 2% but not more than 10% nitroglycerine by mass 4.1 N/A II 11
3344 Pentaerythrite tetranitrate (pentaerythritol tetranitrate; petn) mixture, desensitized, solid, N.O.S. with more than 10% but not more than 20% PETN, by mass 4.1 N/A II 11
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.1 and PG III, except those listed below: 4.1 Any or none III 8
Any Any self-reactive liquid or self-reactive solid 4.1 Any or none III 11
Any Any self-reactive liquid, temperature controlled or self-reactive solid, temperature controlled 4.1 Any or none III 11
1313 Calcium resinate 4.1 N/A III 6
1314 Calcium resinate, fused 4.1 N/A III 4
1318 Cobalt resinate, precipitated 4.1 N/A III 6
1324 Films, nitrocellulose base, gelatin coated, except scrap 4.1 N/A III 11
1330 Manganese resinate 4.1 N/A III 6
1331 Matches, 'strike anywhere' 4.1 N/A III 11
1944 Matches, safety (book, card or strike on box) 4.1 N/A III 11
1945 Matches, wax 'vesta' 4.1 N/A III 11
2000 Celluloid in block, rods, rolls, sheets, tubes, etc., except scrap 4.1 N/A III 11
2254 Matches, fusee 4.1 N/A III 11
2304 Naphthalene, molten 4.1 N/A III 11
2448 Sulphur, molten 4.1 N/A III 1
2623 Firelighters, solid with flammable liquid 4.1 N/A III 11
2714 Zinc resinate 4.1 N/A III 6
2715 Aluminum resinate 4.1 N/A III 6
2858 Zirconium, dry, coiled wire, finished metal sheets, strip (thinner than 254 microns but not thinner than 18 microns) 4.1 N/A III 11
2925 Flammable solid, corrosive, organic, N.O.S. 4.1 8 III 6
2926 Flammable solid, toxic, organic, N.O.S. 4.1 6.1 III 6
2956 5-tert-butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene (musk xylene) 4.1 N/A III 11
3097 Flammable solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.1 5.1 III 11
3176 Flammable solid, organic, molten, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A III 1
3179 Flammable solid, toxic, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.1 6.1 III 6
3180 Flammable solid, corrosive, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.1 8 III 6
3182 Metal hydrides, flammable, N.O.S. 4.1 N/A III 4
3251 Isosorbide-5-mononitrate 4.1 N/A III 11
Any Dangerous goods with no assigned packing group 4.1 N/A N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 4.2—Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.2 and PG I 4.2 Any or none I 11
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.2 and PG II, except those listed below: 4.2 Any or none II 6
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.2 and subsidiary class 6.1 or subsidiary class 8 4.2 6.1 or 8 II 5
1374 Fish meal (fish scrap), unstabilized 4.2 N/A II 8
1378 Metal catalyst, wetted with a visible excess of liquid 4.2 N/A II 1
3127 Self-heating solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.2 5.1 II 11
3183 Self-heating liquid, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 N/A II 2
3184 Self-heating liquid, toxic, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 6.1 II 2
3185 Self-heating liquid, corrosive, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 8 II 2
3186 Self-heating liquid, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 N/A II 2
3187 Self-heating liquid, toxic, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 6.1 II 2
3188 Self-heating liquid, corrosive, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 8 II 2
3313 Organic pigments, self-heating 4.2 N/A II 8
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.2 and PG III, except those listed below: 4.2 Any or none III 8
1372 Fibres, animal, burnt, wet or damp or fibres, vegetable, burnt, wet or damp 4.2 N/A III 11
1387 Wool waste, wet 4.2 N/A III 11
1857 Textile, waste, wet 4.2 N/A III 11
2006 Plastics, nitrocellulose-based, self-heating, N.O.S. 4.2 N/A III 11
2009 Zirconium, dry, finished sheets, strip or coiled wire 4.2 N/A III 11
2210 Maneb or maneb preparation with not less than 60% maneb 4.2 4.3 III 6
3127 Self-heating solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.2 5.1 III 11
3183 Self-heating liquid, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 N/A III 2
3184 Self-heating liquid, toxic, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 6.1 III 2
3185 Self-heating liquid, corrosive, organic, N.O.S. 4.2 8 III 2
3186 Self-heating liquid, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 N/A III 2
3187 Self-heating liquid, toxic, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 6.1 III 2
3188 Self-heating liquid, corrosive, inorganic, N.O.S. 4.2 8 III 2
N/A Dangerous goods with no assigned packing group 4.2 Any or none N/A 11
1856 Rags, oily 4.2 N/A N/A 8
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 4.3—Substances which in contact with water, emit flammable gases
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.3 and PG I, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or none I 11
1402 Calcium carbide 4.3 N/A I 4
1407 Caesium 4.3 N/A I 4
1415 Lithium 4.3 N/A I 4
1423 Rubidium 4.3 N/A I 4
1428 Sodium 4.3 N/A I 4
2257 Potassium 4.3 N/A I 4
2806 Lithium nitride 4.3 N/A I 4
2813 Water-reactive solid, N.O.S. 4.3 N/A I 9
3132 Water-reactive solid, flammable, N.O.S. 4.3 4.1 I 9
3208 Metallic substance, water-reactive, N.O.S. 4.3 N/A I 9
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.3 and PG II, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or none II 7
1340 Phosphorus pentasulphide, free from yellow and white phosphorus 4.3 4.1 II 4
1395 Aluminum ferrosilicon powder 4.3 6.1 II 5
1409 Metal hydrides, water-reactive, N.O.S. 4.3 N/A II 4
1418 Magnesium powder or magnesium alloys powder 4.3 4.2 II 5
2805 Lithium hydride, fused solid 4.3 N/A II 4
2835 Sodium aluminum hydride 4.3 N/A II 4
3129 Water-reactive liquid, corrosive, N.O.S. 4.3 8 II 1
3130 Water-reactive liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 4.3 6.1 II 1
3131 Water-reactive solid, corrosive, N.O.S. 4.3 8 II 6
3132 Water-reactive solid, flammable, N.O.S. 4.3 4.1 II 4
3133 Water-reactive solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.3 5.1 II 11
3134 Water-reactive solid, toxic, N.O.S. 4.3 6.1 II 5
3135 Water-reactive solid, self-heating, N.O.S. 4.3 4.2 II 5
3148 Water-reactive liquid, N.O.S. 4.3 N/A II 1
3209 Metallic substance, water-reactive, self-heating, N.O.S. 4.3 4.2 II 5
3292 Batteries, containing sodium, or cells, containing sodium 4.3 N/A N/A 11
3395 Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive 4.3 N/A II 4
3396 Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive, flammable 4.3 4.1 II 4
3397 Organometallic substance, solid, water-reactive, self-heating 4.3 4.2 II 4
3398 Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive 4.3 N/A II 1
3399 Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive, flammable 4.3 3 II 1
Any All dangerous goods of class 4.3 and PG III, except those listed below: 4.3 Any or none III 8
3129 Water-reactive liquid, corrosive N.O.S. 4.3 8 III 2
3130 Water-reactive liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 4.3 6.1 III 2
3132 Water-reactive solid, flammable, N.O.S. 4.3 4.1 III 6
3133 Water-reactive solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 4.3 5.1 III 11
3148 Water-reactive liquid, N.O.S. 4.3 N/A III 2
3395 Organometallic sustance, solid, water-reactive 4.3 N/A III 6
3396 Organometallic sustance, solid, water-reactive, flammable 4.3 4.1 III 6
3397 Organometallic sustance, solid, water-reactive, self-heating 4.3 4.2 III 6
3398 Organometallic sustance, liquid, water-reactive 4.3 N/A III 2
3399 Organometallic sustance, liquid, water-reactive, flammable 4.3 3 III 2
N/A Any dangerous goods of class 4.3 with no assigned packing group 4.3 Any N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 5.1—Oxidizing substances
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 5.1 and PG I, except those listed below: 5.1 Any or none I 11
1479 Oxidizing solid, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A I 5
1491 Potassium peroxide 5.1 N/A I 6
1504 Sodium peroxide 5.1 N/A I 5
2466 Potassium superoxide 5.1 N/A I 6
2547 Sodium superoxide 5.1 N/A I 6
Any All dangerous goods of class 5.1 and PG II or III, except those listed below: 5.1 Any or none II or III 8
1442 Ammonium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1445 Barium chlorate, solid 5.1 6.1 II 6
1447 Barium perchlorate, solid 5.1 6.1 II 6
1448 Barium permanganate 5.1 6.1 II 6
1449 Barium peroxide 5.1 6.1 II 6
1455 Calcium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1456 Calcium permanganate 5.1 N/A II 6
1457 Calcium peroxide 5.1 N/A II 6
1461 Chlorates, inorganic, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 6
1462 Chlorites, inorganic, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 6
1470 Lead perchlorate, solid 5.1 6.1 II 6
1472 Lithium peroxide 5.1 N/A II 6
1475 Magnesium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1476 Magnesium peroxide 5.1 N/A II 6
1481 Perchlorates, inorganic, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 6
1482 Permanganates, inorganic, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 6
1483 Peroxides, inorganic, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 6
1489 Potassium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1502 Sodium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1503 Sodium permanganate 5.1 N/A II 6
1508 Strontium perchlorate 5.1 N/A II 6
1509 Strontium peroxide 5.1 N/A II 6
1515 Zinc permanganate 5.1 N/A II 6
1516 Zinc peroxide 5.1 N/A II 6
2014 Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution with not less than 20% but not more than 60% hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary) 5.1 8 II 2
2427 Potassium chlorate, aqueous solution 5.1 N/A II or III 2
2428 Sodium chlorate, aqueous solution 5.1 N/A II or III 2
2429 Calcium chlorate, aqueous solution 5.1 N/A II or III 2
2573 Thallium chlorate 5.1 6.1 II 6
2626 Chloric acid, aqueous solution with not more than 10% chloric acid 5.1 N/A II 2
2984 Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution with not less than 8% but less than 20% hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary) 5.1 N/A III 2
3085 Oxidizing solid, corrosive, N.O.S. 5.1 8 II 6
3087 Oxidizing solid, toxic, N.O.S. 5.1 6.1 II 6
3098 Oxidizing liquid, corrosive, N.O.S. 5.1 8 II 1
3098 Oxidizing liquid, corrosive, N.O.S. 5.1 8 III 2
3099 Oxidizing liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 5.1 6.1 II 1
3099 Oxidizing liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 5.1 6.1 III 2
3100 Oxidizing solid, self-heating, N.O.S. 5.1 4.2 II 11
3121 Oxidizing solid, water-reactive, N.O.S. 5.1 4.3 II 11
3139 Oxidizing liquid, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3149 Hydrogen peroxide and peroxyacetic acid mixture with acid(s), water and not more than 5% peroxyacetic acid, stabilized 5.1 8 II 2
3210 Chlorates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3211 Perchlorates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3213 Bromates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3214 Permanganates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 2
3216 Persulphates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A III 2
3218 Nitrates, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3219 Nitrites inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A II 1
3219 Nitrites, inorganic, aqueous solution, N.O.S. 5.1 N/A III 2
3375 Ammonium nitrate emulsion or suspension or gel, intermediate for blastic explosive 5.1 N/A N/A 11
3405 Barium chlorate solution 5.1 6.1 II or III 2
3406 Barium perchlorate solution 5.1 6.1 II or III 2
3407 Chlorate and magnesium chloride mixture solution 5.1 N/A II or III 2
3408 Lead perchlorate solution 5.1 6.1 II or III 2
N/A Any dangerous goods of class 5.1 with no assigned packing group 5.1 Any or none N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 5.2—Organic peroxides
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 5.2, except those listed below: 5.2 N/A II 11
3109 Organic peroxide, type F, liquid 5.2 N/A II 10
3110 Organic peroxide, type F, solid 5.2 N/A II 10
3119 Organic peroxide, type F, liquid, temperature controlled 5.2 N/A II 10
3120 Organic peroxide, type F, solid, temperature controlled 5.2 N/A II 10
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 6.1—Toxic substances
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 6.1 and PG I, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none I 11
1544 Alkaloids, solid, N.O.S. or alkaloid salts, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
1557 Arsenic compound, solid, N.O.S., inorganic, including: arsenates, N.O.S.; arsenites, N.O.S.; and arsenic sulphides, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
1565 Barium cyanide 6.1 N/A I 7
1570 Brucine 6.1 N/A I 7
1575 Calcium cyanide 6.1 N/A I 7
1588 Cyanides, inorganic, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
1601 Disinfectant, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
1626 Mercuric potassium cyanide 6.1 N/A I 7
1655 Nicotine compound, solid, N.O.S. or nicotine preparation, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
1680 Potassium cyanide, solid 6.1 N/A I 7
1689 Sodium cyanide, solid 6.1 N/A I 7
1692 Strychnine or strychnine salts 6.1 N/A I 7
1713 Zinc cyanide 6.1 N/A I 7
2025 Mercury compound, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
2026 Phenylmercuric compound, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
2316 Sodium cuprocyanide, solid 6.1 N/A I 7
2471 Osmium tetroxide 6.1 N/A I 7
2570 Cadmium compound 6.1 N/A I 7
2588 Pesticide, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 9
2628 Potassium fluoroacetate 6.1 N/A I 7
2629 Sodium fluoroacetate 6.1 N/A I 7
2630 Selenates or selenites 6.1 N/A I 7
2642 Fluoroacetic acid 6.1 N/A I 7
2757 Carbamate pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2759 Arsenical pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2761 Organochlorine pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2763 Triazine pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2771 Thiocarbamate pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2775 Copper based pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2777 Mercury based pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2779 Substituted nitrophenol pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2781 Bipyridilium pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2783 Organophosphorus pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2786 Organotin pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
2811 Toxic solid, organic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 9
2928 Toxic solid, corrosive, organic, N.O.S. 6.1 8 I 9
2930 Toxic solid, flammable, organic, N.O.S. 6.1 4.1 I 9
3027 Coumarin derivative pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
3048 Aluminum phosphide pesticide 6.1 N/A I 7
3143 Dye, solid, toxic, N.O.S. or dye intermediate, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3146 Organotin compound, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3283 Selenium compound, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3284 Tellurium compound, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3285 Vanadium compound, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3288 Toxic solid, inorganic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 9
3290 Toxic solid, corrosive, inorganic, N.O.S. 6.1 8 I 9
3345 Phenoxyacetic acid derivative pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
3349 Pyrethroid pesticide, solid, toxic 6.1 N/A I 7
3439 Nitriles, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3450 Diphenylchloroarsine, solid 6.1 N/A I 7
3462 Toxins, extracted from living sources, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3464 Organophosphorus compound, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3465 Orgonoarsenic compound, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3466 Metal carbonyls, solid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
3467 Organometallic compound, solid toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A I 7
Any All liquid dangerous goods of class 6.1 and PG II, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none II 2
1569 Bromoacetone 6.1 3 II 11
1600 Dinitrotoluenes, molten 6.1 N/A II 11
1851 Medicine, liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A II 11
2312 Phenol, molten 6.1 N/A II 11
2742 Chloroformates, toxic, corrosive, flammable, N.O.S. 6.1 3, 8 II 1
2743 N-butyl chloroformate 6.1 3, 8 II 11
2744 Cyclobutyl chloroformate 6.1 3, 8 II 1
3073 Vinylpyridines, stabilized 6.1 3, 8 II 1
3250 Chloroacetic acid, molten 6.1 8 II 11
3279 Organophosphorus compound, toxic, flammable, N.O.S. 6.1 3 II 11
3361 Chlorosilanes, toxic, corrosive, N.O.S. 6.1 8 II 11
3362 Chlorosilanes, toxic, corrosive, flammable, N.O.S. 6.1 3, 8 II 11
Any All liquid dangerous goods of class 6.1 and PG III, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none III 3
1851 Medicine, liquid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A III 11
3411 Beta-nephthylamine 6.1 N/A III 2
3424 Amonium dinitro-o-cresolate, solution 6.1 N/A III 2
Any All solid dangerous goods of class 6.1 and PG II or III, except those listed below: 6.1 Any or none II or III 8
2727 Thallium nitrate 6.1 5.1 II 6
2928 Toxic solid, corrosive, organic, N.O.S. 6.1 8 II 6
3086 Toxic solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 6.1 5.1 II 6
3124 Toxic solid, self-heating, N.O.S. 6.1 4.2 II 6
3125 Toxic solid, water-reactive, N.O.S. 6.1 4.3 II 6
3243 Solids containing toxic liquid, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A II 2
3249 Medicine, solid, toxic, N.O.S. 6.1 N/A II or III 11
3290 Toxic solid, corrosive inorganic, N.O.S. 6.1 8 II 6
N/A Any dangerous goods of class 6.1 with no assigned packing group 6.1 Any or none N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 8—Corrosive substances
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 8 and PG I, except those listed below: 8 Any or none I 11
1759 Corrosive solid, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
1905 Selenic acid 8 N/A I 7
2430 Alkylphenols, solid, N.O.S. (including C2-C12 homologues) 8 N/A I 7
2921 Corrosive solid, flammable, N.O.S. 8 4.1 I 9
2923 Corrosive solid, toxic, N.O.S. 8 6.1 I 9
3147 Dye, solid, corrosive, N.O.S. or dye intermediate, solid, corrosive, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
3259 Amines, solid, corrosive, N.O.S. or polyamines, solid, corrosive, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
3260 Corrosive solid, acidic, inorganic, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
3261 Corrosive solid, acidic, organic, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
3262 Corrosive solid, basic, inorganic, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
3263 Corrosive solid, basic, organic, N.O.S. 8 N/A I 7
Any All liquid dangerous goods of class 8 and PG II, except those listed below: 8 Any or none II 2
1724 Allyltrichlorosilane, stabilized 8 3 II 11
1728 Amyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1747 Butyltrichlorosilane 8 3 II 11
1753 Chlorophenyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1762 Cyclohexenyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1763 Cyclohexyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1766 Dichlorophenyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1767 Diethyldichlorosilane 8 3 II 11
1769 Diphenyldichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1771 Dodecyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1781 Hexadecyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1784 Hexyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1799 Nonyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1800 Octadecyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1801 Octyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1804 Phenyltrichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
1816 Propyltrichlorosilane 8 3 II 11
1818 Silicon tetrachloride 8 N/A II 11
2434 Dibenzyldichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
2435 Ethylphenyldichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
2437 Methylphenyldichlorosilane 8 N/A II 11
2986 Chlorosilanes, corrosive, flammable, N.O.S. 8 3 II 11
2987 Chlorosilanes, corrosive, N.O.S. 8 N/A II 11
2439 Sodium hydrogendifluoride 8 N/A II 8
2442 Trichloroacetyl chloride 8 N/A II 11
2576 Phosphorus oxybromide, molten 8 N/A II 11
2683 Ammonium sulphide solution 8 3, 6.1 II 1
2826 Ethyl chlorothioformate 8 3 II 11
3094 Corrosive liquid, water-reactive, N.O.S. 8 4.3 II 11
3301 Corrosive liquid, self-heating, N.O.S. 8 4.2 II 11
Any All liquid goods of class 8 and PG III, except those listed below: 8 Any or none III 3
2215 Maleic anhydride, molten 8 N/A III 11
2803 Gallium 8 N/A III 11
2809 Mercury 8 6.1 III 11
Any All solid goods of class 8 and PG II or III except those listed below: 8 Any or none II or III 8
1774 Fire extinguisher charges, corrosive liquid 8 N/A II 11
2028 Bombs, smoke, non-explosive with corrosive liquid, without initiating device 8 N/A II 11
3084 Corrosive solid, oxidizing, N.O.S. 8 5.1 II 6
3095 Corrosive solid, self-heating, N.O.S. 8 4.2 II 6
3096 Corrosive solid, water-reactive, N.O.S. 8 4.3 II 6
3244 Solids containing corrosive liquid, N.O.S. 8 N/A II 5
N/A Any dangerous goods of class 8 with no assigned packing group 8 Any or none N/A 11
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

Class 9—Miscellaneous substances and articles
Column 1
UN No.
Column 2
Dangerous goods
Column 3
Class
Column 4
Sub-class
Column 5
Packing group
Column 6
Packing instruction
Any All dangerous goods of class 9 and PG I 9 Any or none I 11
Any All liquid dangerous goods of class 9 and PG II 9 Any or none II 2
Any All liquid dangerous goods of class 9 and PG III, except those listed below: 9 Any or none III 3
1941 Dibromodifluoromethane 9 N/A III 11
3257 Elevated temperature liquid, N.O.S., at or above 100 °C and below its flash point (including molten metals, molten salts, etc.) 9 N/A III 1
Any All solid dangerous goods of class 9 and PG II or III, except those listed below: 9 Any or none II or III 8
2807 Magnetized material 9 N/A III 11
3258 Elevated temperature solid, N.O.S., at or above 240 °C 9 N/A III 11
3316 Chemical kit or first aid kit 9 N/A II or III 11
  Any dangerous goods of class 9 with no assigned packing group 9 Any or none N/A 11
3496 Batteries, nickel-metal hydride 9 N/A N/A 08

Part 2—Detailed packing instructions

Note: If the capital letters "HZ" appears in an IBC code in this standard, the "Z" is replaced by the letter in the list in 4.2 b) that represents the material of construction of the outer casing of the composite IBC.

Packing instruction 1

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBC:

  1. Metal (31A, 31B and 31N).

Additional requirement:

  1. Dangerous goods in packing group I or II that have a primary hazard of Class 6.1 and that meet the criteria for inhalation toxicity in accordance with Section 2.28 of the TDG Regulations, shall not be handled, offered for transport, or transported in an IBC that has a bottom outlet.

Packing instruction 2

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid Plastic (31H1 and 31H2); or
  3. Composite (31HZ1).

Additional requirements:

  1. If the liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC, see 12.7.1.
  2. Dangerous goods in Packing group I or II that have a primary hazard of Class 6.1 and that meet the criteria for inhalation toxicity in accordance with Section 2.28 of the TDG Regulations, shall not be handled, offered for transport, or transported in an IBC that has a bottom outlet.

Special packing provisions:

  1. Liquid dangerous goods, UN1164, 1234, 1265, 1278, 1891, 2246, 2288, 2460, 2612, and 2622, with a vapour pressure greater than 110 kPa at 50 °C or 130 kPa at 55 °C, shall not be offered for transport or transported in the IBC.
  2. If dangerous goods UN 1791, 2014, 2984 or 3149 are offered for transport and transported, the IBC shall have a device to allow venting during transport. The inlet to the venting device shall be located in the vapour space of the IBC under maximum filling conditions during transport.
  3. If dangerous goods UN 1222 or 1865 are offered for transport or transported, the IBC shall have a capacity equal to or less than 450 L.
  4. If dangerous good UN 2031 with more than 55% nitric acid is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC with a rigid plastic inner receptacle, they shall not be used for more than two years from their date of manufacture.
  5. If dangerous goods UN 1203, 1230, 1863 or 1268 are offered for transport or transported, the IBC may be a mobile IBC (or a substitute specification referred in 12.5.2 and 12.5.3) having a capacity equal to or less than 3000 L.

Packing instruction 3

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid plastic (31H1 and 31H2); or
  3. Composite (31HZ1, 31HA2, 31HB2, 31HN2, 31HD2 and 31HH2)

Additional requirement:

  1. If the liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC, see 12.7.1.

Special packing provisions:

  1. Liquid dangerous goods, UN 1593, with a vapour pressure greater than 110 kPa at 50 °C, or 130 kPa at 55 °C, shall not be offered for transport or transported in the IBC.
  2. Ammonia solutions, UN 2672, that exceed 29.4% concentration by mass of NH3 (26.0 °B @15.6 °C) shall not be offered for transport or transported in the IBC.
  3. If dangerous goods, UN 1202, 1223, 1268 or 1863, are offered for transport or transported, the IBC may be a mobile IBC (or a substitute specification referred in 12.5.2 and 12.5.3) having a capacity equal to or less than 5000 L.

Packing instruction 4

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBC:

  1. Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N).

Special packing provision:

  1. If the dangerous goods are in packing group I, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.

Packing instruction 5

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid plastic (11H1, 11H2, 21H1, 21H2, 31H1 and 31H2); or
  3. Composite (11HZ1, 21HZ1 and 31HZ1).

Additional requirement:

  1. If the liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC see 12.7.1.

Special packing provisions:

  1. If the dangerous goods are in packing group I, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
  2. If solid dangerous goods, other than UN 3244, are in packing group II and are contained in a composite IBC, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.

Packing instruction 6

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid plastic (11H1, 11H2, 21H1, 21H2, 31H1 and 31H2); or
  3. Composite (11HZ1, 11HZ2, 21HZ1, 21HZ2 and 31HZ1).

Additional requirements:

  1. If the solid dangerous good may become liquid during transport, see 12.8.1.
  2. If liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC see 12.7.1.
  3. Dangerous goods in packing group I or II that have a primary hazard of Class 6.1 and that meet the criteria for inhalation toxicity in accordance with Section 2.28 of the TDG Regulations, shall not be handled, offered for transport, or transported in an IBC that has a bottom outlet.

Special packing provisions:

  1. If the dangerous goods are in packing group I, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
  2. If solid dangerous goods, other than UN 1361, 2004 and 3400, are in packing group II and are contained in a composite IBC, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
  3. For UN 2907, IBCs shall meet the packing group II performance level. IBCs meeting the test criteria of packing group I shall not be used.

Packing instruction 7

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid plastic (11H1, 11H2, 21H1, 21H2, 31H1 and 31H2);
  3. Composite (11HZ1, 11HZ2, 21HZ1, 21HZ2 and 31HZ1); or
  4. Wooden (11C, 11D and 11F)

Additional requirements:

  1. If the solid dangerous good may become liquid during transport, see 12.8.1.
  2. Liners of wooden IBCs shall be siftproof.
  3. If the liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC, see 12.7.1.
  4. Dangerous goods in packing group I or II that have a primary hazard of Class 6.1 and that meet the criteria for inhalation toxicity in accordance with Section 2.28 of the TDG Regulations, shall not be handled, offered for transport, or transported in an IBC that has a bottom outlet.

Special packing provisions:

  1. If the dangerous goods are in packing group I, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
  2. If solid dangerous goods are in packing group II and are contained in a composite or wooden IBC, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.

Packing instruction 8

The dangerous goods shall be offered for transport and transported in the following IBCs:

  1. Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N);
  2. Rigid plastic (11H1, 11H2, 21H1, 21H2, 31H1 and 31H2);
  3. Composite (11HZ1, 11HZ2, 21HZ1, 21HZ2 and 31HZ1);
  4. Fibreboard (11G);
  5. Wooden (11C, 11D and 11F); or
  6. Flexible (13H1, 13H2, 13H3, 13H4, 13H5, 13L1, 13L2, 13L3, 13L4, 13M1 and 13M2).

Additional requirements:

  1. If the solid dangerous good may become liquid during transport, see 12.8.1.
  2. If the liquid dangerous good is offered for transport or transported in a rigid plastic IBC or a composite IBC, see 12.7.1.
  3. Dangerous goods in packing group I or II that have a primary hazard of Class 6.1 and that meet the criteria for inhalation toxicity in accordance with Section 2.28 of the TDG Regulations, shall not be handled, offered for transport, or transported in an IBC that has a bottom outlet.

Special packing provisions:

  1. Dangerous goods UN 1327, 1363, 1364, 1365, 1386, 1408, 1841, 1856, 2211, 2217, 2793, 3314 or 3496 may be offered for transport and transported in a non-standardized IBC.
  2. If dangerous goods of packing group III, other than UN 1396, 1398, 1403, 1405, 1408, 1418, 1435, 1436, 1748, 2813, 2844, 2880, 2950, 2968, 3089, 3131, 3134, 3135, 3170, 3208, 3209 and 3487, are offered for transport or transported in a flexible IBC, the IBC shall be sift-proof and water resistant or shall have a liner that is water resistant and sift-proof.
  3. If solid dangerous goods of packing group II are contained in a flexible, composite, wooden or fibreboard IBC, the IBC shall be transported in a closed cargo transport unit.
  4. If the dangerous goods of packing group II and some of the dangerous goods of packing group III (UN 1396, 1398, 1403, 1405, 1408, 1418, 1435, 1436, 1748, 2813, 2844, 2880, 2950, 2968, 3089, 3131, 3134, 3135, 3170, 3208, 3209 and 3487), are transported in a flexible, fibreboard or wooden IBC, the IBC shall be sift-proof and water resistant or shall have a liner that is water-resistant and sift-proof.

Packing instruction 9

  1. The dangerous goods shall not be offered for transport or transported unless a competent authority approval has been issued by the Director.
  2. The shipping document shall be:
    1. a) accompanied by a copy of the competent authority approval; or
    2. b) marked "IBC approved by the competent authority of Canada" and/or « GRV par l’autorité compétente du Canada »

Packing instruction 520

  1. This packing instruction applies to organic peroxides and self-reactive substances of type F.2.
  2. Dangerous Goods in Class 5.2 shall be transported at or below the control temperature and the emergency temperature.
  3. The IBC shall have a device to allow venting during transport. The inlet to the venting device shall be located in the vapour space of the IBC under maximum filling conditions during transport.
  4. To prevent explosive rupture of metal IBCs or composite IBCs with complete metal casing, the IBC shall be equipped with an emergency pressure relief device designed to vent all the decomposition products and vapours evolved during self-accelerating decomposition or during a period of not less than one hour of complete fir-engulfment as calculated by the formula in 4.2.1.13.8 in the UN Recommendations.
Table summary

The following Table Part 1 in Annex B, Packing instruction numbers for dangerous goods, describes the UN number, dangerous goods, class, sub-class, packing group and packing instruction for class 3, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 8 and 9 dangerous goods.

UN No. Organic peroxide Type of IBC Maximum quantity (L) Control temperature (°C) Emergency temperature (°C)
3109 Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, not more than 72% with water 31A 1250 N/A N/A
Tert-Butyl peroxyacetate, not more than 32% in diluent type 31A
31HA1
1250
1000
N/A N/A
Tert-Butyl peroxybenzoate, not more than 32% in diluent type A 31A 1250 N/A N/A
Tert-Butyl peroxy-3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate, not more than
37% in diluent type A
31A
31HA1
1250
1000
N/A N/A
Cumyl hydroperoxide, not more than 90% in diluent type A 31HA1 1250 N/A N/A
Dibenzoyl peroxide, not more than 42% as a stable dispersion 31H1 1000 N/A N/A
Di-tert-butyl peroxide, not more than 52% in diluent type A 31A
31HA1
1250
1000
N/A N/A
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy) cyclohexane, not more than 37% in diluent type A 31A 1250 N/A N/A
1,1-Di-(tert-butylperoxy)cyclohexane, not more than 42% in diluent type A 31H1 1000 N/A N/A
Dilauroyl peroxide, not more than 42%, stable dispersion, in water 31HA1 1000 N/A N/A
Isopropylcumyl hydroperoxide, not more than 72% in diluent type A 31HA1 1250 N/A N/A
p-Menthyl hydroperoxide, not more than 72% in diluent type A 31HA1 1250 N/A N/A
Peroxyacetic acid, stabilized, not more than 17% 31H1
31H2
31HA1
31A
1500
1500
1500
1500
N/A N/A
3110 Organic peroxide, type F, solid N/A N/A N/A N/A
Dicumyl peroxide 31A
31H
31HA1
2000 N/A N/A
3119 Organic peroxide, type F, liquid, temperature controlled N/A N/A N/A N/A
Tert-Amyl peroxypivalate, not more than 32% in diluent type A 31A 1250 +10 °C +15 °C
Tert-Butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate, not more than 32% in diluent type B 31HA1
31A
1000
1250
+30 °C
+30 °C
+35 °C
+35 °C
Tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate, not more than 32% in diluent type A 31A 1250 °C +10 °C
Tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate, not more than 42% stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 -°C +°C
Tert-Butyl peroxyneodecanoate, not more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 -°C +°C
Tert-Butyl peroxypivalate, not more than 27% in diluent type B 31HA1
31A
1000
1250
+10 °C
+10 °C
+15 °C
+15 °C
Cumyl peroxyneodecanoate, not more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 -15 °C -°C
Di-(4-tert-butylcyclohexyl) peroxydicarbonate, not more
than 42%, stable dispersion, in water
31HA1 1000 +30 °C +35 °C
Dicetylperoxydicarbonate, not more than 42%, stable
dispersion, in water
31HA1 1000 +30 °C +35 °C
Dicyclohexylperoxydicarbonate, not more than 42% as a stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 +10 °C +15 °C
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) peroxydicarbonate, not more than 62%, stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 -20 °C -10 °C
Diisobutyryl peroxide, not more than 28% as a stable dispersion in water 31HA1
31A
1000
1250
-20 °C
-20 °C
-10 °C
-10 °C
Diisobutyryl peroxide, not more than 42% as a stable dispersion in water 31HA1
31A
1000
1250
-25 °C
-25 °C
-15 °C
-15 °C
Dimyristyl peroxydicarbonate, not more than 42%, stable dispersion, in water 31HA1 1000 +15 °C +20 °C
Di-(2-neodecanoylperoxyisopropyl) benzene, not more than 42%, stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 -15 °C -°C
Di-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl) peroxide, not more than 52% in diluent type A 31HA1
31A
1000
1250
+10 °C
+10 °C
+15 °C
+15 °C
Di-(3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl) peroxide, not more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water 31A 1250 +10 °C +15 °C
3-Hydroxy-1,1-dimethylbutyl peroxyneodecanoate, not
more than 52%, stable dispersion, in water
31A 1250 -15 °C -°C
1,1,3,3-Tetramethylbutyl peroxyneodecanoate, not more
than 52%, stable dispersion, in water
31A
31HA1
1250
1000
-°C
-°C
+°C
+°C
3120 Organic peroxide, type F, solid, temperature controlled N/A N/A N/A N/A

Packing instruction 11

  1. The dangerous goods shall not be offered for transport or transported in an IBC.

Annex C (normative)
Periodic leak test and inspection

C.1 Transport Canada registration

C.1.1 Registration

A facility that conducts the periodic leak test and inspection of IBCs as required by 12.6 shall be registered with the Director.

C.1.2 Certificate of registration

A periodic leak test and inspection facility is registered upon issuance, by the Director, of a Certificate of registration. The Certificate of registration remains valid until its indicated expiry date or its revocation for cause.

C.1.3 Application for registration

C.1.3.1 An application for registration of a periodic leak test and inspection facility shall be submitted to the Director and, at a minimum, shall include the following information

C.1.4 Revocation for cause

The Director may revoke the Certificate of registration of the facility if the Director is satisfied that the person is not capable of consistently complying with the applicable requirements of this annex.

C.1.5 Quality management system

C.1.5.1 Application

Each facility conducting the periodic leak test and inspection shall have and adhere to a quality management system.

C.1.5.2 General requirements

The quality management system shall, at minimum, include the elements listed in C.1.5.3.

C.1.5.3 Specific elements and processes of the quality management system

The quality management system of a leak test and inspection facility shall include all of the following elements and processes:

C.1.5.3.1 Management commitment

Facility management shall appoint a member of management who, irrespective of other responsibilities, has the authority and responsibility for overseeing the quality management system of the facility, including

C1.5.3.2 Human resources

A human resources management process

C1.5.3.3 Purchasing

When applicable, a purchasing control process shall be established and maintained to ensure that purchased replacement parts conform to the requirements of this standard and the TDG Regulations.

C.1.5.3.4 Quality manual

A quality manual shall be developed, with the following components:

C.1.6 Explosives

An IBC that has last transported explosives shall be decontaminated prior to the periodic leak test and inspection. The decontamination shall be done in accordance with the requirements of CGSB-43.151, Appendix B.

C.2 Preparation

C.2.1 General requirement

C.2.1.1 Mobile intermediate bulk containers

Unless contained in equipment or fully enclosed in a means of transport, mobile IBCs shall be removed from the means of transport so that all accessible surfaces are examined for damage or evidence of leakage.

C.2.2 Cleaning

C.2.2.1 Cleaning of intermediate bulk containers other than mobile intermediate bulk containers

The cleaning process shall consist of the steps below. Steps need not be performed in the sequence specified.

C.2.2.2 Cleaning of mobile intermediate bulk containers

Mobile IBCs are not required to be cleaned prior to leak test and inspection but shall be drained of previous lading.

C.2.3 Vents

Vents or vented closures shall be replaced by similar non-vented closures, fastened in the closed position, or removed and their openings plugged during the leak test.

C.3 Internal inspection

C.3.1 General

All IBCs, except mobile IBCs, shall be inspected internally.

C.3.2 Procedure

Internal inspection shall include the following:

C.3.3 Results

Inspection of the IBC in accordance with C.3.2 shall show no defects that could render the IBC unsafe for transporting dangerous goods. An IBC having defects shall be repaired and re-inspected before being leak tested.

C.4 Leak test

C.4.1 General

A leak test shall be conducted in conjunction with the inspection process. The leak test shall be conducted in accordance with C4.2 or shall be an alternative test method that is at least equally effective. This may be done, for example, by compiling documented evidence to show that it will effectively detect at the same level of sensitivity as the design type test method in 7.6. Alternative test methods shall be validated by the facility, the test equipment manufacturer or a third party. All validation data shall be retained for 36 months after the test method is no longer used by the facility.

C.4.2 Test pressure

A test pressure equal to or greater than 20 kPa shall be applied to the body or inner receptacle of the IBC.

C.4.3 Pressure gauge

The pressure shall be measured by use of a gauge of suitable range and accuracy. Various means of pressure measurement calibration may be used as long as the facility develops a quality control procedure (see C.1.5.3.4 d) 4)) for ensuring that instruments are maintained and calibrated, and that they operate within suitable parameters.

C.4.4 Test duration

The period over which the test is conducted may vary from the design type leakproofness test period in 7.6, but shall be of sufficient duration to detect leaks. The duration required for different type and size of IBCs shall be documented in the quality management system (see C.1.5.3.4 d) 4)).

C.4.5 Procedure

C.4.5.1 Intermediate bulk containers other than mobile intermediate bulk containers

The IBC shall be observed for leakage during the test period by any effective means such as coating the seams, joints and flange seals of the IBC with a soapy solution or by submersing the IBC in water and observing for bubbles or by measuring a drop in pressure. In the case of water submersion or hydraulic pressure, the test pressure may be adjusted to take into account the hydrostatic pressure.

C.4.5.2 Mobile intermediate bulk containers

C.4.5.2.1 Mobile intermediate bulk containers accessible for complete external inspection

C.4.5.2.1.1 General

This section applies to single-walled IBCs and to secondary containments of double-walled IBC.

Note: To avoid possible damage to the primary containment, a pressure may be maintained in the primary containment while the secondary containment is being leak tested.

C.4.5.2.2 Mobile intermediate bulk containers not accessible for complete external inspection

C.4.5.2.2.1 General

This section applies to IBCs contained in equipment or fully enclosed in a means of transport and to primary containments of double-walled IBCs.

Note: To avoid possible damage to the primary containment, a pressure may be maintained in the primary containment while the secondary containment is being leak tested.

C.4.6 Test media

Test medium can be one of the following:

Note: When using air as a test medium, the tester shall be aware of the need for proper purging and ensure that there is no possibility of creating a mixture of product and air within the explosive limits of the product.

C.4.7 Results

Testing of the IBC in accordance with C4.4 shall not result in the leakage of air, gas or liquid from the IBC.

C.5 External inspection

C.5.1 General

The external inspection shall be conducted on the IBC while pressure is being applied. In the case of a composite IBC, the inner receptacle may be removed from the outer casing and pressure applied while the inspection is being conducted. In the case of a lightweight IBC, due to safety considerations, the inner receptacle should remain inside the outer casing.

C.5.2 Procedure

External inspection shall include the following:

C.5.3 Results

Inspection of the IBC in accordance with C.5.2 shall show no defects that could render the IBC unsafe for transporting dangerous goods. An IBC having defects shall be repaired, re-inspected and leak tested.

C.6 Refurbishing/repair

C.6.1 Original specification

If a standardized IBC is repaired or replacement parts are installed on the IBC, the repairs and replacement parts shall be of the same specification as the original unless otherwise permitted by the applicable standard.

C.6.2 Compliance mark

If the compliance mark on an IBC is damaged or difficult to read as a result of the cleaning or refurbishing process, the marking shall be reproduced in durable and legible form on the IBC. Missing compliance marks shall be replaced in accordance with 5.2.13.

C.6.3 Inner receptacle of a composite intermediate bulk container

If the plastic inner receptacle of a composite standardized IBC is replaced, the replacement receptacle shall be a receptacle of the same specification as the original. If inner receptacles of the same specification are no longer manufactured, a receptacle of a design that is comparable to and has the same outer dimensions as the original receptacle shall be used.

C.7 Marking

C.7.1 General

An IBC that has been successfully leak tested and inspected shall be marked with the letter “R,” followed by the month and the last two digits of the year of the leak test and inspection, followed by the Transport Canada registration number of the periodic leak test and inspection facility. The mark shall be durable and legible and placed on the body or, in the case of a composite IBC, on the outer casing. The markings shall be readily accessible for inspection.

C.8 Leak test and inspection records

C.8.1 Content

Every successful leak test and inspection of a metal IBC shall be recorded, and a copy of the record shall be retained by the person in charge of the leak test and inspection facility and by the owner of the IBC subjected to C.8.2. The record shall include the type of IBC, the owner’s name and address, the date of the leak test and inspection, the serial number of the IBC, the name, address and Certificate of registration number of the leak test and inspection facility, and the results of the leak test and inspection.

C.8.2 Retention period

C.8.2.1 Facility’s retention period

C.8.2.1.1 Intermediate bulk container other than a mobile intermediate bulk container

The minimum retention period for such record is 30 months.

C.8.2.1.2 Mobile intermediate bulk container

The minimum retention period for such record is 60 months.

C.8.2.2 Owner’s retention period

C.8.2.2.1 The owner of the IBC shall keep the record until the next leak test and inspection unless the IBC is permanently removed from service.

Annex D (informative)
Maximum vapour pressure for liquid dangerous goods transported in a Code 31H or 31HZ intermediate bulk container

Table summary

The following Table D1 describes the maximum vapour pressure for liquid dangerous goods transported in a Code 31H or 31HZ IBC.

Table D1—Maximum vapour pressure for liquid dangerous goods
transported in a Code 31H or 31HZ IBC
Test pressure marked on the IBC
kPa
Maximum Vp50Footnote 18
kPa
Maximum Vp55Footnote 18
kPa
40 80 93
60 91 106
93 or more 110 130

Note: Approximate absolute vapour pressure at 50 °C for some liquids: