Strategic outcome and program descriptions

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Strategic Outcome 1

Safe and Secure Waters.

Program 1.1 — Fleet Operational Readiness

The Canadian Coast Guard Fleet Operational Readiness Program provides safe, reliable, available, and operationally capable vessels, air cushion vehicles, helicopters, and small craft with competent and professional crews ready to respond to on‑water and maritime‑related requirements. This Program involves fleet management and operations, fleet maintenance, and fleet asset procurement. Through the Fleet Operational Readiness Program, the Canadian Coast Guard ensures that the Government of Canada's civilian fleet meets the current and emerging needs and priorities of Canadians and the Government of Canada. The Fleet Operational Readiness Program supports Coast Guard programs, the science and fisheries and aquaculture management activities of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and the activities of a number of other government departments needing on‑water delivery in support of their mandates. The Canadian Coast Guard College is an important contributor to the delivery of this Program. The legal basis and authority for this Program and capability is found in the Constitution Act, 1867, and the Oceans Act.

Program 1.2 — Shore‑Based Asset Readiness

The Canadian Coast Guard Shore‑based Asset Readiness Program ensures that the Canadian Coast Guard's non‑fleet assets are available and reliable to support the delivery of Canadian Coast Guard programs. These non‑fleet assets include both fixed and floating aids, such as visual aids (e.g., lighthouses and buoys), aural aids (e.g., fog horns), radar aids (e.g., reflectors and beacons), and long‑range marine aids, such as the Differential Global Positioning System, as well as electronic communication and navigation systems and over 300 radio towers. The Shore‑based Asset Readiness Program ensures the availability and reliability of these assets through provision of life‑cycle investment planning, engineering, acquisition, maintenance, and disposal services. The Canadian Coast Guard College is an important contributor to the delivery of this Program. As required, this program is delivered in coordination with Public Works and Government Services Canada. Activities associated with the life‑cycle asset management of Canadian Coast Guard shore‑based assets are legislated and guided by a number of legal instruments such as the Financial Administration Act and Government Contracts Regulations, as well as policies, directives, and guidelines provided by Treasury Board, Treasury Board Secretariat, Industry Canada, and Public Works and Government Services Canada. The legal basis or authority for this Program is found in the Constitution Act, 1867, and the Oceans Act.

Program 1.3 — Marine Communications and Traffic Services

The Marine Communications and Traffic Services Program is delivered by the Canadian Coast Guard. The safety of mariners and marine environmental protection in Canadian waters both depend on the efficient and timely communication of information. The Marine Communications and Traffic Services Program ensures a reliable communication system is available around the clock to contribute to the safety of life at sea, the protection of the marine environment, the safe and efficient navigation of shipping in Canadian waterways, and maritime domain awareness. Services include the provision of marine distress and general radio communications, the broadcasting of maritime safety information, the screening of vessels entering Canadian waters, the regulation of vessel traffic in selected Canadian waters, the provision of marine information to other federal government departments and agencies, and a marine telephone call service on a cost‑recovery basis. The Canadian Coast Guard's Shore‑based Asset Readiness and Canadian Coast Guard College programs are integral contributors to the delivery of this Program. The legal basis or authority for the Marine Communications and Traffic Services Program is found in the Constitution Act, 1867, the Oceans Act, the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, and, by virtue of an agreement with Transport Canada, the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, 2001.

Program 1.4 — Search and Rescue Services

The Canadian Coast Guard's maritime Search and Rescue Services Program leads, delivers, and maintains preparedness for the 5.3 million square kilometer maritime component of the federal search and rescue system; it does so with the support of multiple stakeholders and partners, including the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary and the Department of National Defence. Through communication, coordination, and the delivery of maritime search and rescue response and operational awareness, the Program increases the chances of rescue for people caught in dangerous on‑water situations. Coast Guard's Fleet Operational Readiness and Marine Communications and Traffic Services are integral contributors to the delivery of this Program. The legal basis or authority for the Search and Rescue Services program is found in the Constitution Act, 1867, the Oceans Act, and the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.

Program 1.5 — Hydrographic Products and Services

The safe use of Canadian waterways requires knowledge of the physical limitations to navigation. The Canadian Hydrographic Service contributes to safety on Canadian waterways by undertaking hydrographic surveys from primarily Canadian Coast Guard vessels to, measure, describe, and chart the physical features of Canada's oceans and navigable inland waters. As Canada's hydrographic authority, the Canadian Hydrographic Service uses these data to produce up‑to‑date, timely and accurate navigational products in support of domestic and international marine transportation in accordance with the requirements of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, 2005 and the International Maritime Organization's Safety of Life At Sea Convention. In addition to supporting Safe and Secure Waters strategic objectives, hydrographic information is a foundational support for a spectrum of research and development applications in engineering, ocean research, maritime security, marine navigation, ocean management, ecosystem science and the renewable and non‑renewable energy sectors.

Program 1.6 — Canadian Coast Guard College

Operating as Coast Guard's national, bilingual, degree‑conferring training institution, the Canadian Coast Guard College educates the marine professionals necessary to deliver programs in support of Coast Guard's mission and mandate in marine safety, security, and environmental protection. Coast Guard's Fleet Operational Readiness, Shore‑based Asset Readiness, Marine Communications and Traffic Services, Search and Rescue, and Environmental Response are integral contributors to the delivery of this Program. The legal basis or authority for this Program is found in the Constitution Act, 1867, and the Oceans Act.

Program 1.7 — Maritime Security

The Maritime Security Program is led by the Canadian Coast Guard. This Program collaborates with federal departments and agencies with maritime security responsibilities, including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canadian Forces, Canada Border Services Agency, Public Safety Canada, and Transport Canada, by facilitating the provision of maritime expertise, vessel support, and information. The Maritime Security Program provides these agencies with relevant Coast Guard information in support of their maritime and national security mandates. Coast Guard's Fleet Operational Readiness, Marine Communications and Traffic Services, and Shore‑based Asset Readiness programs are integral contributors to the delivery of this Program. This Program is delivered in coordination with the Department's Conservation and Enforcement Program. The legal basis or authority for the Maritime Security Program is found primarily in the Oceans Act.

Program 1.8 — Ocean Forecasting

As a maritime nation bordered by three oceans and an extensive network of inland waters, Canada has a requirement to understanding ocean processes to enable the prediction of ocean conditions and their influences on our environment, ecosystems, and coastal communities. This is accomplished through research and the long‑term monitoring of key ocean parameters (temperature, sea level, nutrients, tides, salinity, etc.) via space‑based, aerial, autonomous vehicles, and vessel‑based observations and the management of data to ensure its integrity and accessibility. This program is the foundation for marine information, including ocean prediction products and services that are used to support emergency preparedness (e.g. tsunami warnings, storm surges), adaptation to climatic change, search and rescue, the mitigation of oil spills, and at‑sea operations such as fisheries and offshore energy. Clients of the program include internal users such as the Canadian Coast Guard, other federal government departments and agencies (e.g., Environment Canada, Department of National Defence, Transport Canada, Public Safety Canada), various maritime industries (e.g., commercial shipping, off‑shore energy, fishing industry), the Canadian and international marine science community, and Canadians.

Strategic Outcome 2

Economically Prosperous Maritime Sectors and Fisheries.

Program 2.1 — Integrated Fisheries Management

The role of Integrated Fisheries Management is to sustainably manage Canada's fishery resources in consultation with Aboriginal groups, other Federal Departments, other levels of government, industry and other stakeholders. This is accomplished through the delivery of policies, programs and plans (i.e. Integrated Fisheries Management Plans and Conservation and Harvesting Plans, Rebuilding Plans, Recovery Strategies and Action Plans) under the Fisheries Act, the Species at Risk Act and related regulations. The program is necessary to promote sustainability and provide for the allocation and distribution of harvestable resources among those dependent on the fishery (Aboriginal, aquaculture for seed, spat and broodstock, commercial harvesters and recreational anglers). The program is informed by scientific assessments of fish, invertebrates and marine mammals, and is supported by the development of fisheries policies and strategies.

Program 2.2 — Small Craft Harbours

The Small Craft Harbours (SCH) Program operates and maintains a national network of harbours in support of the principal and evolving needs of the commercial fishing industry and the broader interests of coastal communities. Investment in small craft harbour infrastructure supports the economic prosperity of Canada's fisheries and maritime sectors and contributes to public safety. SCH focuses its resources on keeping fishing harbours that are critical to the commercial fishing industry in good repair. The Program is delivered in cooperation with Harbour Authorities, local not‑for‑profit organizations representing the interests of both commercial fish harvesters and the broader community, who manage the harbours under lease agreements with DFO. Low activity fishing harbours, as well as recreational harbours, are transferred to third parties through divestiture. The SCH Program is funded through an annual appropriation and is also supported by two component Transfer Payment Programs: the Small Craft Harbours Class Grant Program and the Small Craft Harbours Class Contribution Program. The SCH Program operates under the authority of the Fishing and Recreational Harbours Act and its regulations, as well as the Federal Real Property and Federal Immovables Act.

Program 2.3 — Aboriginal Strategies and Governance

This is a complex departmental responsibility, with both program and policy elements. This program delivers contribution programs supporting the involvement of Aboriginal groups in the fishery, where DFO manages the fishery and where land claims agreements have not been concluded, specifically for three purposes: Food, Social and Ceremonial usage; shared management, by building the capacity required to engage in an integrated fishery; and, conservation, by building monitoring, policing and species at risk management capacities. Concurrently the program provides strategic guidance to the department in: the ongoing management of Aboriginal rights issues; the renewal of Aboriginal programs and policies; allocation policies; treaty negotiation mandates; frameworks for the implementation of treaties; and, fisheries related consultation and engagement. This program serves to build and maintain strong and stable relations with Aboriginal groups and to promote fisheries‑related economic opportunities for Aboriginal communities; both are instrumental to maintaining a stable fisheries management regime with common and transparent rules for all.

Program 2.4 — Marine Navigation

The Canadian Coast Guard program provides Canadian and international commercial marine transportation sectors, fishers, and pleasure craft operators with information and services that facilitate economical and efficient movement of maritime commerce in support of economic prosperity. Program services include providing survey and forecast information on certain commercial channels to identify available water depth, restrictions, or hazards to navigation; dredging services; marine structures contributing to the maintenance of certain waterway's ship channels; aids to navigation systems including short‑range marine aids such as buoys and fixed aids to navigation and the Differential Global Positioning System, and information to mariners; assistance to beset vessels in ice; opening of tracks through shore‑fast ice; harbour breakouts; ice routing advice and ice information and escorting service to ships in ice‑covered waters; and risk management of flooding on the St. Lawrence River through the monitoring, prevention, and breaking up of ice jams. Program services also contribute to Arctic sovereignty by transporting goods/supplies to northern communities and being a visible federal government marine presence in the Canadian North. Marine Navigation supports economic prosperity by ensuring economical, efficient and safe access to the Canadian marine transportation networks.This Program is guided by various international organizations such as the International Association of Marine Aids and Lighthouse Authorities, which the Canadian Coast Guard is an active member. This Program is delivered in coordination with Coast Guard's Fleet Operational Readiness and Shore‑based Asset Readiness programs, Canadian Hydrographic Services, Public Works and Government Services Canada, and Environment Canada. Legal authority for this Program is found in the Constitution Act, 1867; the Oceans Act, 1996; and the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.

Program 2.5 — Salmonid Enhancement Program

The Salmonid Enhancement Program supports sustainable fisheries by enabling harvest opportunities through producing fish for harvest, stock assessment and conservation as well as supporting stewardship with partners. The program contributes directly and indirectly to sustainable harvest opportunities through the culture and release of Pacific salmon from its hatcheries and spawning channels. Through targeted enhancement efforts on key stocks SEP actively contributes directly to Canada's ability to meet its obligations under the Pacific Salmon Treaty and supports secure international market access objectives for Canadian salmon products. The Salmonid Enhancement Program has been highly successful in engaging communities and the public broadly in Salmon stewardship through its activities of education, community involvement, restoration and maintenance of critical salmon habitat. The program is a contributor to Integrated Fisheries Resource Management, particularly Commercial and Recreational Fisheries, Habitat Management, and the British Columbia Aquaculture Program and works with Aquatic Animal Health and Biotechnology and Genomics. Components of the program are coordinated with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, and provincial, territorial and municipal governments.

Program 2.6 — Sustainable Aquaculture Program

The mission of the Sustainable Aquaculture Program is to create the conditions for growth in the Canadian aquaculture sector by supporting a more attractive investment climate while ensuring the long term sustainability of the sector. The regulatory mandate of the program is derived from the Fisheries Act, the Fisheries Development Act, and the Oceans Act. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, as the lead federal organization for aquaculture, provides a horizontally managed and integrated intradepartmental approach to create the optimal conditions for the sector, mainly via the establishment of regulations and extensive collaboration with private and public sector stakeholders. The Program is delivered in collaboration with other federal departments, provincial and territorial governments, industry, the private sector, non‑government organizations, and other stakeholders. The Department's scientific expertise plays an important role in supporting sustainable aquaculture production.

Program 2.7 — International Engagement

Through multilateral and bilateral engagements, this program promotes and protects the interests of Canadians by ensuring access for Canadians to fish resources managed internationally, promoting and influencing sustainable regional fisheries management and healthy global marine ecosystems, and contributing to a stable international trade regime for Canadian fish and seafood products. This is achieved through a coordinated and proactive approach that reflects domestic positions and interests and the Government of Canada's international priorities, and that is grounded in the Department's scientific expertise and best management practices. The program's goals are also advanced through building broad and constructive relationships with international partners based upon common goals and strategies. Many Canadians directly benefit from internationally managed fish stocks, and the Canadian seafood sector as a whole relies heavily on international trade. As Canada also shares three oceans, effective relations and collaboration with international, regional, and domestic partners are essential to addressing fisheries and ecosystem challenges and to advancing international standards, agreements, and management decisions that reflect Canadian approaches.

Program 2.8 — Aquatic Animal Health

In collaboration with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is responsible for co‑delivering Canada's National Aquatic Animal Health Program. The objective of the program is to protect against the introduction or spread of serious infectious disease in wild and cultured aquatic animals. Detection and reporting of aquatic animal diseases of national and international importance in wild and cultured aquatic animals is imperative to prevent or control serious disease outbreaks. An integrated approach to aquatic animal health protects the health of Canada's aquatic resources, wild and farmed, and provides greater economic stability and potential for growth for the industries and regions that depend on these resources. Preventing the spread of aquatic animal diseases within Canada and guarding against the introduction of serious infectious aquatic animal diseases is critical to safeguarding the health of Canada's aquatic resources and our export markets for fish and seafood products. Fisheries and Oceans Canada's scientific expertise provides scientific advice, diagnostic testing and research. Knowledge derived through science informs the certification of aquatic animal health status in support of the Canadian fish/seafood trade, market access, and the delivery of federal responsibilities under the Health of Animals Act and the Fisheries Act.

Program 2.9 — Biotechnology and Genomics

Both knowledge and its application through innovative technology are vital for fostering advances in the sustainable development of aquatic resources. The Department is responsible for developing the knowledge necessary to inform the federal government's responsibility for regulation and the assessment of risk associated with fish products of biotechnology. Through the adoption of leading‑edge genomics research and biotechnology tools and techniques, the Department also improves Fisheries and Oceans Canada's ability to protect endangered species, manage the opening and closing of fisheries, avoid overexploitation of resources, prosecute poachers, improve aquaculture practices, control disease outbreaks, and remediate contaminated sites.

Program 2.10 — Climate Change Adaptation Program

As a federal department contributing to the growth and sustainability of numerous maritime sectors, and with billions of dollars in associated infrastructure, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is positioning itself to adjust its decisions and activities to consider the vulnerabilities, risks, impacts, and opportunities associated with a changing climate. Through the program's assessment of risk, and the development of science‑based knowledge and applied adaptation tools, the Climate Change Adaptation Program enables the integration of climate change considerations and adaptive management strategies into departmental decision‑making on mandated areas of responsibility. Whether it is the management of the fisheries resource, Small Craft Harbours or marine navigation, decision‑making within the Department and by Canadians must take into account a changing climate so that Canada can continue to derive socio‑economic benefits from our oceans and inland waters. This program is one element of a horizontal program involving not only DFO but also Environment Canada, Transport Canada, Indian and Northern Affairs, Parks Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Program 2.11 — Territorial Delineation

The definition and description of Canada's maritime boundaries is reliant on hydrographic data and marine geodetic expertise. Canada ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 2003 and had until December 2013 to submit evidence in support of the establishment of the outer limits of Canada's continental shelf beyond the current 200‑mile Exclusive Economic Zone. Fisheries and Oceans Canada is responsible for the provision of ongoing marine geodetic expertise and hydrographic data to defend Canada's evidence submission to the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (the Commission). The Department will continue to work closely with Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada and Natural Resources Canada in this endeavour. In addition to its direct contribution to Canada's submission to the Commission, the program defines the geographic positions for all Canadian offshore maritime boundaries and provides the geodetic evidence to resolve boundary disputes (e.g., Beaufort Sea) and prosecutions related to the violation of international maritime law (e.g., foreign fishing).Through the international recognition of these limits and boundaries, Canada is able to assert its sovereign right to resources and secure its maritime boundaries. There is a linkage between this program and Maritime Security and Enforcement.

Strategic Outcome 3

Sustainable Aquatic Ecosystems.

Program 3.1 — Compliance and Enforcement

The program promotes and maintains compliance with legislation, regulations, and management measures implemented to achieve the conservation and sustainable use of Canada's aquatic resources and the protection of species at risk, fish habitat, and oceans. The program is delivered through a balanced regulatory management and enforcement approach, including the promotion of compliance through education and shared stewardship; monitoring, control, and surveillance activities; and the management of major cases / special investigations related to complex compliance issues. The program also works closely with the Ecosystems and Fisheries Management Sector, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and industry partners to ensure peaceful and orderly fisheries. It makes a significant contribution, with the Canadian Coast Guard, to the protection of Canadian sovereignty and assists the Department of National Defence in the identification of potential marine security threats through extensive marine surveillance activities. It plays a key role along with Ecosystems and Fisheries Management, Environment Canada, and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency in the administration of the Canadian Shellfish Sanitation Program to help ensure that the public is protected from contaminated fisheries products.

Program 3.2 — Fisheries Protection

Canada's freshwater and marine fish species and fish habitat play an important role in Canada's sustainable aquatic ecosystem and economic prosperity. Diverse activities undertaken in and near freshwater and marine fisheries waters such as oil and gas exploration and development, forestry, mining, hydroelectric power generation and agriculture have the potential to negatively impact fisheries by causing serious harm to the fish and fish habitat that support them. The Fisheries Protection Program (FPP) policy objective is to contribute to the ongoing productivity and sustainability of Canada's commercial, recreational and Aboriginal (CRA) fisheries by minimizing threats from works undertakings and activities taking place in and near Canadian waters. This policy objective will, to the extent that the FPP's mandate permits, contribute to goal that the fisheries resources they support are maintained to provide for the sustainability and productivity of Canadian fisheries and their use by Canadians now and in the future. This, in turn, is expected to maintain the related economic, social and other benefits that are derived from such efforts from the fisheries and from development. The Program's immediate goals are to: ensure that those conducting regulatory reviews of development projects have the necessary direction, guidance and training to respond to requests according to the legislative and regulatory framework; ensure that those undertaking development activities in or near CRA fisheries waters have the necessary direction to comply with legal and regulatory requirements under the Fisheries Act; and, provide organizations with resources, in cooperation with other funding partners to take remedial action on impacted habitat in areas that would improve Canada's recreational fisheries.

Program 3.3 — Oceans Management

The Oceans Act and its supporting policy, Canada's Oceans Strategy, affirm DFO's mandate and role as the lead federal authority for the oceans and provide a framework for modern management of estuarine, coastal and marine ecosystems. Oceans Management involves an integrated and evidence‑based approach to decisions and actions relating to the oceans. Oceans Management is interdisciplinary in nature and is conducted in collaboration with other federal departments, other levels of government, Aboriginal groups, users, and other non‑government stakeholders. Building on a foundation of science, Oceans Management seeks to address a number of challenges facing Canada's oceans, such as oceans health, marine habitat loss, declining biodiversity and growing demands for access to ocean space and resources. Implementation of integrated decisions that consider ecological, social and economic impacts will result in the protection, conservation and sustainable use of Canada's oceans.

Program 3.4 — Species at Risk Management

The Species at Risk Act is the legislative basis for the Government of Canada's strategy for the protection of wildlife species at risk. It establishes a process for conducting scientific assessments of the population status of individual wildlife species and a mechanism for listing extirpated, endangered, threatened and special concern wildlife species. The Species at Risk Act also includes provisions for the protection, recovery and management of listed wildlife species and their critical habitats and residences. As one of two competent Ministers named under the Species at Risk Act, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans has the legislated responsibility and mandate for the protection and recovery of all aquatic species in Canada (except those on federal lands under the responsibility of Parks Canada). Management of the program reflects key Species at Risk Act principles, such as: stewardship and engagement, consultation and cooperation, and compliance and enforcement. The program is informed by sound scientific research and considers socio‑economic, stakeholder, and community knowledge in support of activities in the Species at Risk conservation cycle, including the assessment and listing of species; the recovery and protection of species at risk through the development of recovery strategies, action plans and management plans; the identification and protection of species' critical habitats; implementing recovery measures; and reporting on progress for the survival or recovery of species. The Species at Risk Program helps improve the ecological integrity of aquatic ecosystems so that they remain healthy and productive for future generations of Canadians.

Program 3.5 — Environmental Response Services

The Canadian Coast Guard is the lead federal agency for ensuring an appropriate response to all ship‑source and mystery pollution spills in Canadian waters and for the support of countries under international agreements. The objectives of the Environmental Response Services Program are to minimize the environmental, economic, and public safety impacts of marine pollution incidents. Through the Environmental Response Services Program, the Canadian Coast Guard establishes an appropriate and nationally consistent level of preparedness and response services in Canadian waters; monitors and investigates all reports of marine pollution in Canada in conjunction with other federal departments; and maintains communications with the Program's partners, including Transport Canada and Environment Canada, to ensure a consistent approach to the response to marine pollution incidents. Coast Guard's Fleet Operational Readiness is an integral contributor to the delivery of this Program. This Program is delivered in coordination with other federal departments for surveillance information and scientific advice. Within Canada's Marine Oil Spill Preparedness Response Regime, response capacity arrangements between ship owners and commercial Response Organizations are essential in support of the regime. The legal basis and authority for the Environmental Response Services Program is found in the Oceans Act, the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, the Constitution Act, 1867, and, by virtue of an agreement with Transport Canada, the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act, 2001.

Strategic Outcome 4

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 4.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Freshwater Fish marketing Corporation

Strategic Outcome 1

To regulate interprovincial and export trade in freshwater fish.

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