Strategic outcome and program descriptions

Public Accounts of Canada 2015 Volume II - Top of the page Navigation

Department

Strategic Outcome 1

A safe and resilient Canada.

Program 1.1 — Emergency Management

Public Safety Canada works to protect Canada and Canadians by exercising national leadership in emergency management and setting a clear direction for emergency management and critical infrastructure protection for the Government of Canada, pursuant to the Emergency Management Act of 2007.Working closely with federal institutions, provinces, territories, the first responder community, the private sector and international counterparts to address all hazards (natural, technological and human‑induced), this program contributes to a safe and resilient Canada through policy and program development and coordination across the four functions of emergency management‑prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. The program develops and maintains the federal government's capacity to manage whole‑of‑government emergencies, monitors and coordinates federal responses and provides support to provinces and territories when federal assistance is needed. The program also promotes public awareness of emergency management to Canadians and businesses directly through outreach and various emergency management fora.

Program 1.2 — Countering Crime

Crime continues to be a significant preoccupation among Canadians and they recognize the importance of the federal government's role in responding to crime issues across the country. The Countering Crime Program provides federal policy leadership, coordination and program support on a continuum of activities related to the prevention of crime, the enforcement of law, and the rehabilitation of those who have committed criminal offences. The intent of this program is to reduce the likelihood of criminality by working in close collaboration with federal partners, and those in the provinces, territories and communities to design and deliver national programs that are specific and appropriate to regions and communities.

Program 1.3 — National Security

The National Security Program aims to ensure that Canada is prepared for and can respond to a range of national security threats. The National Security Program plays a coordinating role in the prevent, detect, deny and respond efforts of the Public Safety Portfolio and broader government departments and agencies on matters relevant to national security. In order to achieve this objective, the program works with operational and policy partners to provide the Government with strategic advice on rapidly evolving and often sensitive issues. The National Security Program also assists the Minister and Deputy Minister in fulfilling key statutory obligations, and seeks to identify and close gaps in Canada's ability to deal with National Security threats. It coordinates, analyses and develops policies, and implements processes related to issues such as critical infrastructure, cyber security, counter terrorism, the listing and delisting of terrorist entities, the review of foreign investments that raise national security concerns, radicalization leading to violence, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Because of their complexity, importance, and potential impact on individual rights, national security legislation, programs and policies must be well founded, well governed, and well executed; this program plays a central role in supporting decision makers in achieving this goal on behalf of Canadians. To this end, the Minister, Deputy Minister, and policy‑makers continue to benefit from the advice provided by the Cross‑Cultural Roundtable on Security, a forum of Canadian citizens from diverse backgrounds that provides policy advice on emerging national security issues.

Program 1.4 — Border Strategies

The Border Strategies Program provides federal policy leadership, coordination and coherence on a variety of border issues such as customs, immigration, refugees and citizenship, and cross‑border law enforcement in order to ensure that security objectives are achieved in a manner that facilitates the flow of legitimate trade and travel and reduces security and fraud related risks. The intent of this program is to promote the safety and economic well‑being of Canadians through supporting secure and efficient management of Canada's borders. This program also advances critical infrastructure objectives through effective coordination among federal departments and agencies and partnerships with industry sectors. In order to achieve this result, the program develops and supports a focused border management agenda, leads ongoing dialogue between Canada and the United States on strategic and operational border policy issues, including the implementation of the Beyond the Border Action plan. The program implements cross‑border arrangements relating to the movement of goods and people during emergencies, and provides policy advice, leadership and horizontal coordination to Public Safety Portfolio agencies and other federal departments regarding border issues. It also ensures collaboration and integrated coordination of all public communications. This program plays a central role in supporting the Government in making fully informed decisions concerning border policy, border management and cross‑border law enforcement for the benefit of Canadians.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Canada Border Services Agency

Strategic Outcome 1

International trade and travel is facilitated across Canada's border and Canada's population is protected from border‑related risks.

Program 1.1 — Admissibility Determination

Through the Admissibility Determination program, the CBSA develops, maintains and administers the policies, regulations, procedures and partnerships that enable border services officers to intercept people and goods that are inadmissible to Canada and to process legitimate people and goods seeking entry into Canada within established service standards. In addition, the Agency develops, maintains and administers the policies, regulations, procedures and partnerships to control the export of goods from Canada. In the traveller stream, border services officers question people upon arrival to determine if they and their personal goods meet the requirements of applicable legislation and regulations to enter Canada. Border services officers will then make a decision to grant entry or refer a person for further processing (e.g. payment of duties and taxes, issuance of a document), and/or for a physical examination. In the commercial stream, carriers and importers are required to provide information to the CBSA at or prior to arrival in Canada. Border services officers review the status of pre‑arrival decisions and/or the provided accompanying documentation to determine whether the goods meet the requirements of applicable legislation and regulations to enter Canada. Based on this determination, a border services officer may refer the goods for further processing, examination and/or scientific/engineering analysis. Upon further examination goods may be seized or penalties imposed. With some exceptions, stemming from the policies and legislative requirements of some of our partner departments and agencies, all goods being exported from Canada must be reported "in writing" to the CBSA.

Program 1.2 — Immigration Enforcement

The Immigration Enforcement Program determines whether foreign nationals and permanent residents who are or may be inadmissible to Canada are identified and investigated, detained, monitored and/or removed from Canada. Foreign nationals and permanent residents of Canada believed to be inadmissible are investigated and may have a report written against them by a CBSA inland enforcement officer. Depending on the type of inadmissibility, the merits of the report are reviewed by either a Minister's Delegate or an independent decision maker at the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) where a CBSA hearings officer represents the Minister of Public Safety. Subsequent to this review, a removal order may be issued against the foreign national or permanent resident in question. Removal orders issued against refugee claimants are conditional and do not come into force until the claim against the removal order is abandoned, withdrawn or denied by the IRB.

Program 1.3 — Risk Assessment Program

The Risk Assessment program "pushes the border out" by seeking to identify high‑risk people, goods and conveyances as early as possible in the travel and trade continuum to prevent inadmissible people and goods from entering Canada. This benefits the travelling public and the trade community by enabling the Agency to focus its examination and interdiction activities on high‑risk people and goods; thereby facilitating the entry of low‑risk travellers and goods. The Agency uses a variety of threat and risk assessment methodologies, intelligence and supporting technologies to identify potential risks to the security and safety of people and goods.

Program 1.4 — Revenue and Trade Management

The Revenue and Trade Management Program administers international and regional trade agreements and domestic legislation and regulations governing trade in commercial goods. The program ensures that appropriate trade data is collected and that the duties and taxes owed to the Government of Canada are remitted in accordance with Canadian trade laws and import requirements. Commercial importers must accurately report on their goods at the time of importation, and remit the required payment, or self‑correct their entries, and pay any additional amounts owing, when they have reason to believe that trade‑related reporting errors have occurred.

Program 1.5 — Secure and Trusted Partnerships

Through the Secure and Trusted Partnerships program, the CBSA works closely with clients, other government departments and international border management partners to enhance trade chain and traveller security while providing pre‑approved, low‑risk travellers and traders with streamlined and efficient border processes. The CBSA develops and administers programs and cooperative agreements with its partners to ensure alignment with international standards (e.g. World Customs Organization SAFE Framework of Standards) and promote best practices in global border management. By increasing membership in trusted traveller and trader programs, the CBSA is able to improve its capacity to mitigate risk in advance and focus examination efforts on identifying travellers and traders of unknown or higher risk.

Program 1.6 — Criminal Investigations

Under the Criminal Investigations program, the CBSA protects the integrity of border‑related legislation and contributes to public safety and Canada's economic security by investigating and pursuing the prosecution of travellers, importers, exporters and/or other persons who commit criminal offences in contravention of Canada's border‑related legislation. CBSA investigators review potential border legislation violations and gather evidence using a variety of investigative techniques, including search warrants, production orders and digital forensic analysis. These violations include criminal offences under the Customs Act, Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, various food, plant and animal legislation, and other border‑related legislation. In conjunction with the Public Prosecution Service of Canada, the CBSA pursues the prosecution of individuals or business entities who violate Canada's border‑related legislation.

Program 1.7 — Recourse

The Recourse program provides the business community and individuals with an accessible mechanism to seek an impartial review of service‑related complaints, program decisions and enforcement actions taken by the CBSA. This program ensures that their decisions are fair, transparent and accurately reflect the Agency's policies and the Acts administered by the CBSA. Individuals can complete a written submission if they disagree with an enforcement action or a program decision made by the CBSA or wish to submit a complaint or compliment about services. Clients are provided with a timely acknowledgement of their correspondence, before CBSA officials conduct a thorough review, taking into consideration the legislation administered by the Agency, CBSA policies, the client's point of view and, where necessary, technical opinions from CBSA experts or legal advice from the Department of Justice. Individuals who are not satisfied with the CBSA's review can appeal to the appropriate court, tribunal or external review body. The Recourse Program also facilitates the review of external complaints of discrimination filed with the Canadian Human Rights Commission and assists the Department of Justice representing the Agency on appeals to the Federal Court, various tribunals and other external bodies.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Canadian Security Intelligence Service

Strategic Outcome 1

Intelligence is used to protect the security and safety of Canada and its citizens.

Program 1.1 — Intelligence Program

This program includes the collection, processing and analysis of information and intelligence, respecting activities that may be suspected of constituting threats to the security of Canada and safety of Canadians and, in relation thereto, reporting and advising the Government of Canada. In accordance with Canadian Security Intelligence Service Act, s.16, in supporting the missions of National Defence and Foreign Affairs, this intelligence program also provides assistance to the Minister of National Defence and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, within Canada, in the collection of information or intelligence.

Program 1.2 — Security Screening Program

The Security Screening Program is one of the main responsibilities of CSIS and among its most visible functions. The goals of the Security Screening program are to prevent non‑Canadians who pose security concerns or risks from entering or receiving permanent residence in Canada and to prevent anyone of concern from gaining access to sensitive government assets, locations or information. Through its foreign offices in Canadian missions abroad, CSIS performs in‑depth examinations of applicants and prospective immigrants whose backgrounds present security concerns. CSIS also provides security assessments on behalf of all federal government departments and agencies (except the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) as part of the Government Security Policy (GSP). Security Assessments fall into the following program activities: Government Screening, Sensitive Sites Screening, Foreign Screening, Immigration and Citizenship Screening, and Refugee Screening.

Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Strategic Outcome 1

Public Confidence in the RCMP.

Program 1.1 — Civilian review of RCMP members' conduct in the performance of their duties

The CRCC accomplishes this by receiving complaints from the public about the conduct of RCMP members and monitoring the RCMP's investigation of such complaints. Where a complainant is not satisfied with the outcome of the RCMP's response to a complaint, a request can be made to the CRCC for an independently review of the members' conduct and the RCMP's handling of the matter. In reviewing complaints, the CRCC may find that it is satisfied with the RCMP handling of the complaint or it may make findings and recommendations to the RCMP Commissioner and the Minister of Public Safety with respect to matters addressed in the complaint. The CRCC also conducts reviews of specified RCMP activities, reports to provinces which contract RCMP services, conducts research, program outreach and public education, and provides independent observers to investigations of serious incidents involving RCMP members.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Correctional Service of Canada

Strategic Outcome 1

The custody, correctional interventions, and supervision of offenders in communities and in institutions, contribute to public safety.

Program 1.1 — Custody

This program includes providing for the day‑to‑day needs of offenders, including health and safety, food, clothing, mental health services, and physical health care. It also includes security measures within institutions such as drug interdiction, and appropriate control practices to prevent incidents.

Program 1.2 — Correctional Interventions

The Correctional Interventions program, includes assessment activities and program interventions for federal offenders, as well as activities directed toward engaging Canadian citizens as partners in CSC's correctional mandate and outreach to victims of crime. Correctional Interventions are designed to assist the rehabilitation of offenders and facilitate their reintegration into the community as law abiding citizens.

Program 1.3 — Community Supervision

The Community Supervision program, includes all program activities that protect society through the administration of community operations, including the provision of accommodation options, establishment of community partnerships and provision of community health services as necessary. Community supervision provides the structure to assist offenders to safely and successfully reintegrate into society.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Office of the Correctional Investigator of Canada

Strategic Outcome 1

The problems of offenders in the federal correctional system are identified and addressed in a timely and reasonable fashion.

Program 1.1 — Ombudsman for federal offenders

Through this program, the Office of the Correctional Investigator (OCI) conducts investigations of individual offender complaints regarding acts, omissions, decisions and recommendations of the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC). It also has a responsibility to review and make recommendations on CSC's policies and procedures associated with the areas of individual complaints, to ensure that systemic areas of complaint are identified and appropriately addressed, and to review all Section 19 investigations performed by CSC following the death of or serious injury to an inmate.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Parole Board of Canada

Strategic Outcome 1

Conditional release and record suspension decisions and decision processes that safeguard Canadian communities.

Program 1.1 — Conditional Release Decisions

This program aims to ensure public safety by making quality decisions on the timing and conditions of release of offenders into the community. Through this program, PBC staff provides timely, accurate information for Board member decision‑making, and develops training and policies that are tools for risk assessment and decision‑making.

Program 1.2 — Conditional Release Openness and Accountability

This program is designed to ensure that PBC operates in an open and accountable manner, consistent with the provisions of the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (CCRA). Therefore, this program consists of: the provision of information for victims of crime, assistance to observers at hearings and those who seek access to PBC's decision registry, dissemination of public information, encouragement of citizen engagement, investigation of tragic incidents in the community, as well as performance monitoring and reporting on conditional release decision processes.

Program 1.3 — Record Suspension Decisions/Clemency Recommendations

This program is designed to support rehabilitation by providing quality record suspension decisions and clemency recommendations. In support of quality decisions and recommendations, PBC screens applications for eligibility and completeness, collects appropriate information for decision‑making and develops policy to guide decision processes.

Strategic Outcome 2

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 2.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Strategic Outcome 1

Criminal activity affecting Canadians is reduced.

Program 1.1 — Police Operations

Under the authority of the RCMP Act, this program provides Canadians with policing services at the federal, provincial and municipal levels and within Aboriginal communities. As described in the RCMP Act, these services include all duties that are assigned to peace officers in relation to the preservation of the peace, the prevention of crime and of offences against the laws of Canada and the laws in force in any province in which they may be employed, and the apprehension of criminals and offenders and others who may be lawfully taken into custody; the execution of all warrants, and performing all duties and services in relation thereto, that may, under the RCMP Act or the laws of Canada or the laws in force in any province, be lawfully executed and performed by peace officers; performing of all duties that may be lawfully performed by peace officers in relation to the escort and conveyance of convicts and other persons in custody to or from any courts, places of punishment or confinement, asylums or other places; and performing other duties and functions as are prescribed by the Governor in Council or the Commissioner. This program contributes to a safe and secure Canada by providing general law enforcement activities in addition to education and awareness activities delivered by employees of the RCMP to the public, businesses and other agencies/organizations within Canada. The RCMP's education and awareness activities, for example information sessions on crime prevention, national security, financial crime, drugs and organized crime, are aimed at reducing victimization of Canadians. Additionally, this program ensures the protection of designated persons and security at major events which in turn mitigates any potential threats to Canada's population. The program also delivers a high level of technical and operational support to ensure that the RCMP reaches its overarching goal of reducing criminal activity which affects Canadians.

Program 1.2 — Canadian Law Enforcement Services

This program provides the Canadian Law Enforcement community with the necessary scientific, technical, investigative and educational support to deliver proactive, intelligence based policing and law enforcement services to their respective communities and partners. Additionally, this program provides educational opportunities to members of the Canadian Law Enforcement community to enable them to develop their skills thus increasing their effectiveness in contributing to a safer Canada. This program ensures that Canadian law enforcement communities have access to the required tools, systems, technologies (i.e. forensic support and expertise, criminal intelligence and firearms registry and databases, etc) and education which in turn will contribute to the reduction of criminal activity affecting Canadians.

Strategic Outcome 2

Incomes are secure for RCMP members and their survivors affected by disability or death.

Program — Transfer Payments

This program ensures that RCMP employees and their families are provided income security in the event of disability or death. This program ensures that an appropriate level of support is afforded to those who are affected by circumstances beyond their control and as a result of their employment with the RCMP. The activities within this program are regulated by statutory payments, for example, the RCMP Pension Continuation Act payments.

Strategic Outcome 3

Canada's police provide international collaboration and assistance while maintaining a rich police heritage nationally.

Program 3.1 — International Policing Operations

This program furthers Canada's global peace and security agenda through cooperation and support of the international law‑enforcement community, thereby ensuring that both Canadians and the global community are safer. This program addresses the transnational scope of crime and terrorism by building relationships with international policing partners, participating in the INTERPOL global information sharing network and conducting extra‑territorial criminal investigations. Additionally, the RCMP actively participates in multiple missions abroad in a peacekeeping role and by providing support to nations at risk in building their law enforcement capacity. Through this international cooperation and collaboration, this program contributes directly to a more secure world and Canada.

Program 3.2 — Canadian Police Culture and Heritage

In order to protect the RCMP's internationally recognized image, reputation and rich heritage, this program works to promote the positive image of the RCMP while building relationships with domestic and international law enforcement, government and community partners. The program provides advice and analysis to internal and external clients, including federal, provincial and municipal partners, academic institutions, Royal Household representatives, and non‑government organizations, regarding appropriate ceremonial features of special events and occurrences (e.g., Olympics, expos, summits, police officer funerals). Through the activities of this program, the RCMP contributes to Canada's vibrant culture and heritage.

Strategic Outcome 4

The following program supports all strategic outcomes within this organization.

Program 4.1 — Internal services

The Internal services program supports all strategic outcomes and is common across government. Internal services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are: Management and oversight services; Communications services; Legal services; Human resources management services; Financial management services; Information management services; Information technology services; Real property services; Materiel services; Acquisition services; and Travel and Other administrative services. Internal services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police External Review Committee

Strategic Outcome 1

Independent, impartial and thorough analysis, findings and recommendations for transparency in Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) grievances and appeals.

Program 1.1 — Independent and impartial case review

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police External Review Committee (ERC) conducts an independent review of appeals in disciplinary, and discharge and demotion matters, as well as certain categories of grievances that are referred to it by the Commissioner of the RCMP pursuant to s. 33 of the RCMP Act and s. 36 of the RCMP Regulations. The ERC ensures that the principles of administrative and labour law are respected and that the remedial approach indicated by the Act is followed. The ERC issues reports of its findings and recommendations in each case to the Commissioner of the RCMP and to the parties. Access to the ERC's reports is made available to all stakeholders (including the parties, RCMP adjudicators, supervisors, members' representatives, staff relations representatives, and labour and employment experts in other jurisdictions) by means of its website, publications and presentations.

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