Other loans, investments and advances

Public Accounts of Canada 2017 Volume I—Top of the page Navigation

This group records loans, investments and advances not classified elsewhere.

Table 9.14 presents a summary of the balances and transactions for the various types of other loans, investments and advances.

Table 9.14
Other loans, investments and advances
(in dollars)

  April 1, 2016 Payments and other charges Receipts and other credits March 31, 2017
Unconditionally repayable contributions
Agriculture and Agri-Food
Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food 118,234,867 27,787,019 10,504,500 135,517,386
Global Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development 525,000,000 148,500,000 673,500,000
Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Department of Industry 1,944,640,043 105,599,395 358,846,060 1,691,393,378
Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency 339,128,333 80,713,884 70,983,199 348,859,018
Department of Western Economic Diversification 47,228,634 29,197,272 1,641,853 74,784,053
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec 467,479,513 119,276,872 76,904,641 509,851,744
Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario 226,731,319 72,767,440 32,666,207 266,832,552
Total 3,025,207,842 407,554,863 541,041,960 2,891,720,745
Subtotal 3,668,442,709 583,841,882 551,546,460 3,700,738,131
Less: portion expensed due to concessionary terms 237,063,846 84,755,824 19,267,332 302,552,338
Total—Unconditionally repayable contributions 3,431,378,863 499,086,058 532,279,128 3,398,185,793
Loans and accountable advances
Global Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development
Missions abroad 42,644,022 162,221,856 159,790,287 45,075,591
Personnel posted abroad 24,377,405 16,863,773 14,100,988 27,140,190
Total 67,021,427 179,085,629 173,891,275 72,215,781
National Defence
Department of National Defence
Imprest accounts, standing advances and authorized loans 38,857,555 140,250,355 130,988,081 48,119,829
Miscellaneous accountable advances 19,908,139 40,752,540 16,879,278 43,781,401
Miscellaneous accountable imprest funds and standing advances 20,288,839 309,111 275,188 20,322,762
Total 40,196,978 41,061,651 17,154,466 64,104,163
Total—Loans and accountable advances 146,075,960 360,397,635 322,033,822 184,439,773
Other
Agriculture and Agri-Food
Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food
Construction of multi-purpose exhibition buildings 35,593 35,593
Hog Industry Loan Loss Reserve Program 132,399,886 31,369,648 101,030,238
National Marketing Programs 260,725,672 43,826,802 98,727,903 205,824,571
Subtotal 393,161,151 43,826,802 130,097,551 306,890,402
Families, Children and Social Development
Department of Employment and Social Development
Canada apprentice loans 85,271,271 71,434,890 8,339,354 148,366,807
Canada Student Loans Program 18,295,980,331 3,995,639,700 3,456,490,564 18,835,129,467
Provincial workers' compensation boards 13,607,001 1,650,000 15,257,001
Subtotal 18,394,858,603 4,068,724,590 3,464,829,918 18,998,753,275
Finance
Department of Finance
Canadian Commercial Bank 42,202,293 42,202,293
Financial Consumer Agency of Canada—Advances 9,000,000 9,000,000
Subtotal 42,202,293 9,000,000 9,000,000 42,202,293
Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard
Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Canadian producers of frozen groundfish 128,315 128,315
Haddock fishermen 1,343,337 1,343,337
Subtotal 1,471,652 1,471,652
Global Affairs
Export Development Canada
Support and development of trade 2,666,586,699 67,444,812 200,616,448 2,533,415,063
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship
Department of Citizenship and Immigration
Immigration loans 46,554,992 18,713,751 16,820,166 48,448,577
Indigenous and Northern Affairs
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
Council of Yukon First Nations—Elders 1,777,755 519,826 1,257,929
Farm Credit Canada Guarantee Loans Program 103,695 103,695
First Nations in British Columbia 522,780,562 17,403,292 3,278,281 536,905,573
Indian Economic Development Fund 43,149 43,149
Indian Economic Development Guarantee Loans Program 422,127 82,663 159,189 345,601
Inuit Loan Fund 71,457 71,457
Native Claimants 455,628,169 20,919,071 15,321,256 461,225,984
On Reserve Housing Guarantee Loans Program 10,957,878 1,430,655 9,527,223
Stoney Band Perpetual Loan 389,615 389,615
Subtotal 992,174,407 38,405,026 20,812,902 1,009,766,531
Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Department of Industry
Manufacturing, processing and service industries in Canada 110,000,000 110,000,000
Other business loans 72,424,806 59,937,014 60,077,457 72,284,363
Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
Advances for the working capital fund of entrepreneurs' assistance centers 465,617 465,617
National Research Council of Canada
H.L. Holmes Fund 5,069,755 67,300 5,137,055
Subtotal 187,494,561 60,469,931 170,077,457 77,887,035
Public Services and Procurement
Department of Public Works and Government Services
Seized Property Working Capital Account (negative 2,748,871) 37,073,066 39,249,643 (negative 4,925,448)
Transport
Department of Transport
Greater Victoria Harbour Authority 2,108,549 42,720 2,065,829
St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation 173,698 173,698
Subtotal 2,282,247 42,720 2,239,527
Treasury Board
Treasury Board Secretariat
Federal Public Service Heatlh Care Administration Authority 558,852 1,979,534 2,037,016 501,370
Joint Learning Program 263,121 1,909,207 2,077,298 95,030
Subtotal 821,973 3,888,741 4,114,314 596,400
Veterans Affairs
Department of Veterans Affairs
Commonwealth War Graves Commission 55,962 5,976 49,986
Veterans' Land Fund—Advances 1,807 1,807
Subtotal 57,769 5,976 51,793
Miscellaneous loans, investments and advances 310,713 20,690 71,422 259,981
Transition payments—Pay in arrears 665,388,433 295,387 18,341,575 647,342,245
Subtotal 665,699,146 316,077 18,412,997 647,602,226
Subtotal—Other 23,390,616,622 4,347,862,796 4,074,080,092 23,664,399,326
Less: portion expensed due to concessionary terms and other discounts 64,899,755 12,621,135 52,278,620
Total 23,325,716,867 4,347,862,796 4,061,458,957 23,612,120,706
Add: consolidation adjustmentLink to footnote 1 2,694,006,000 323,421,000 2,370,585,000
Total—Other 26,019,722,867 4,347,862,796 4,384,879,957 25,982,705,706
Total 29,597,177,690 5,207,346,489 5,239,192,907 29,565,331,272

Unconditionally repayable contributions

Unconditionally repayable contributions are in substance loans, and are generally made to businesses pursuant to various Acts of Parliament, with various amounts outstanding.

These loans are aimed at stimulating economic development or for assistance. They bear various interest rates, some of which have concessional terms, and are repayable at various due dates with final instalments generally due within up to 10 years of initial disbursement.

Loans made on a long-term, low-interest or interest-free basis are recorded in part as expenses when the economic value of the loans is reduced due to their concessionary terms.

Missions abroad

Non-interest bearing advances have been made for interim financing of expenses at missions abroad, pending distribution to appropriations of the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development and other departments and agencies.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $50,000,000.

Personnel posted abroad

A working capital advance account was established to finance loans and advances to employees posted abroad, including employees of other Government departments and agencies, as well as medical advances to locally-engaged staff.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $38,200,000, as last amended by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Vote L12c, Appropriation Act No. 5, 2009–2010.

The closing balance consists of loans to employees, $20,211,528; advances for medical expenses, $1,576,673; advances for workmen's compensation, $6,853; security and other deposits under Foreign Service Directives, $2,846,594 and, school and club debentures, $2,498,542.

The loans to employees bear interest at rates from 0.75 per cent to 1.25 per cent per annum, and are repayable within 4 years, with final instalments between April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2020.

Imprest accounts, standing advances and authorized loans

This account was established for the purpose of financing: (a) public funds imprest and public funds advance accounts; (b) standing advances; (c) authorized loans and advances to employees posted abroad; and (d) authorized recoverable advances to establish military messes and canteens.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $120,000,000, as last amended by the Department of National Defence Vote L11b, Appropriation Act No. 4, 2001–2002.

Miscellaneous accountable advances

The closing balance reflects amounts outstanding in the hands of departments, agencies and individuals, at year end, to be expended in the following year.

Miscellaneous accountable imprest funds and standing advances

This account is operated to provide imprest funds, accountable advances and recoverable advances to departments and agencies.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $22,000,000.

Construction of multi-purpose exhibition buildings

The remaining loan has been made to finance the construction of a multi-purpose exhibition building.

Hog Industry Loan Loss Reserve Program

Loans made by financial institutions under the Hog Industry Loan Loss Reserve Program are partially guaranteed by the Crown. Where the producers have defaulted and the lenders have carried out regular collection activities, the Crown becomes subrogated to the lender's rights against the producer in default, to the extent of an amount equal to the withdrawal from the Reserve Fund.

National Marketing Programs

Loans made by financial institutions under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act and advances made by producer organizations under the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act are guaranteed by the Crown. Where the guarantee is honoured, the Crown becomes subrogated to the financial institution's or producer organization's rights to outstanding principal, interest and costs.

Canada apprentice loans

Canada apprentice loans are administrated under the authority of Section 4 of the Apprentice Loans Act which came into effect on January 2, 2015. The Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour is authorized to enter into a loan agreement directly with any eligible apprentice. The loans bear interest at either a variable rate (prime rate plus 2.5 per cent) or a fixed rate (prime rate plus 5.0 per cent). Apprentices are not required to pay interest on their loans while they are still in their apprenticeship program. The typical repayment period is 10 years, but the maximum period is 15 years. Borrowers having difficulty repaying their loans may be eligible for assistance under the Repayment Assistance Plan.

The total amount of apprentice loans issued under the authority of the Apprentice Loans Act may not exceed $1.5 billion. The total amount of outstanding apprentice loans as at March 31, 2017, amounts to $148,366,807 ($85,271,271 as at March 31, 2016). During the year, no loans were written off (none as at March 31, 2016).

Canada Student Loans Program

Since August 1, 2000, Canada Student Loans are issued under the Direct Loan Regime. Before this date, the loans were issued under the Guaranteed Loan Regime (1964–1995) or under the Risk-Shared Loan Regime (1995–2000). Under these three different regimes, no security is received from the students and the loans bear interest at either a variable rate (prime rate plus 2.5 per cent) or a fixed rate (prime rate plus 5.0 per cent). Students are not required to pay interest on their loans while they are still studying. The typical repayment period is 10 years, but the maximum period is 15 years. Borrowers having difficulty repaying their loans may be eligible for assistance under the Repayment Assistance Plan.

The total amount of direct loans issued under the authority of the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act and outstanding risk-shared loans bought-back by the Department of Employment and Social Development may not exceed 24 billion dollars.

During the year, loans and interest receivable on these loans totaling $174,802,163 ($172,045,002 as at March 31, 2016) were written off by the Department of Employment and Social Development Vote 7c from the Appropriation Act No. 5, 2016–2017 and $31,111,553 ($95,293,311 as at March 31, 2016) were written off pursuant to Section 25.1 of the Financial Administration Act. In addition, loans and interest receivable on these loans totalling $284,065,948 ($238,236,858 as at March 31, 2016) were forgiven as per the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act and $25,971,051 ($34,696 as at March 31, 2016) were forgiven as per the Canada Student Loans Act.

Direct loans to students

Loans issued on or after August 1, 2000, are administered under the authority of Section 6.1 of the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act, which authorizes the Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour to enter into loan agreements directly with any qualifying student. Agreements are subject to the terms and conditions approved by the Governor in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance. The total amount of outstanding direct loans as at March 31, 2017, amounts to $18,667,584,363 ($18,091,457,031 as at March 31, 2016).

Risk-shared student loans

Loans issued prior to August 1, 2000, and on or after August 1, 1995, are amounts related to student loans subrogated to the Crown under the authority of the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act. The total amount of loans outstanding as at March 31, 2017, amounts to $58,850,195 ($68,353,582 as at March 31, 2016) for loans owned by the Department of Employment and Social Development and $905,566,563 ($966,926,519 as at March 31, 2016) for loans under the current ownership of the financial institutions.

Guaranteed student loans

Loans issued prior to August 1, 1995, are amounts related to student loans subrogated to the Crown under the authority of the Canada Student Loans Act. The total amount of loans outstanding as at March 31, 2017, amounts to $108,694,909 ($136,169,718 as at March 31, 2016) for loans owned by the Department of Employment and Social Development and $3,933,548 ($5,530,501 as at March 31, 2016) for loans under the current ownership of the financial institutions.

Provincial workers' compensation boards

This account is operated under the authority of subsection 4(6)(b) and (e) of the Government Employees Compensation Act, to provide funds to enable provincial workers' compensation boards to administer claims on behalf of the Crown, and provide compensation benefits to Canadian Government employees injured or ill in the course of their employment.

The total amount of advances that is authorized to be made for each provincial workers' compensation board is not to exceed three months' disbursements for compensation.

The advances are subject to the terms and conditions of agreements with provincial workers' compensation boards and are to be repaid on termination of those agreements.

Canadian Commercial Bank

Advances have been made to the Canadian Commercial Bank representing the Government's participation in the support group as authorized by the Canadian Commercial Bank Financial Assistance Act. These funds represent the Government's participation in the loan portfolio that was acquired from the Bank and the purchase of outstanding debentures from existing holders.

Financial Consumer Agency of Canada

Interest-bearing advances have been made to defray the cost of operation of the Agency pursuant to Section 13(1) of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada Act.

Canadian producers of frozen groundfish

Loans have been made to Canadian producers of frozen groundfish, canned and frozen crabmeat, and canned and frozen lobster meat, to assist in the financing of inventories.

The loans bore interest at the rate of 13 per cent per annum, and were repayable in equal annual instalments over 7 years, with the final instalment in December 1987. These loans are deemed unrecoverable and parliamentary authority is required to write off the balance.

Haddock fishermen

Loans have been made to Nova Scotia haddock fishermen whose fishery was closed from February 1 to May 31, 1975, pursuant to an agreement under the International Agreement for the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries. The total loan authority is $1,650,000.

The loans bore interest at the rate of 8 per cent per annum, and were repayable in equal annual instalments over 4 years, with the final instalment in 1979. These loans are deemed unrecoverable and parliamentary authority is required to write off the balance.

Support and development of trade

Pursuant to Section 23 of the Export Development Act, the Minister for International Trade, with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance, may authorize Export Development Canada (EDC) to enter into certain transactions or class of transactions where the Minister is of the opinion it is in the national interest and where EDC has advised the Minister that it will not enter into such transactions without such authorization. Funding for such transactions is provided by the Minister of Finance out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund and the transactions are administered by EDC on behalf of the Government of Canada.

EDC's mandate is to support and develop, directly or indirectly, Canada's export trade, and Canadian capacity to engage in that trade and respond to international business opportunities. In 2014, new regulations came into force which clarify the circumstances in which EDC can provide support within Canada in fulfillment of its mandate. During the year, no Canada Account transactions were entered into in the support and development of domestic trade.

Loan transactions with longer repayment terms or low or zero interest rates are recorded in part as expenses when the economic value is reduced due to such concessionary terms.

Table 11.4 and Table 11.5 of Section 11 of this volume present additional information on contractual obligations and guarantees that are disclosed in the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements of Section 2 of this volume.

The following table presents the balances and transactions for loans made to non-sovereign entities, together with their terms and conditions of repayments.

(in dollars)

  April 1, 2016 Payments and other charges Receipts and other credits March 31, 2017
Payment or other chargesLink to footnote 2 Revaluation Receipts or other creditsLink to footnote 3 Revaluation
Export trade
(a) 6 to 10 year term, 8.28 per cent to 10.28 per cent interest per annum, with final repayments between February 2008 and April 2011:
Antigua 38,961 936 39,897
(b) 11 to 15 year term, comprised of several loans with fixed or variable interest rates currently ranging from 2.44 per cent to 4.18 per cent per annum, with final repayments between May 2021 and November 2022:
Sweden 29,523,332 608,744 17,436,959 12,695,117
(c) 16 to 20 year term, comprised of several loans with fixed or variable interest rates currently ranging from 1.85 per cent to 5.89 per cent per annum, with final repayments between December 2017 and March 2023:
United States 873,751,582 25,151,720 181,815,123 717,088,179
(d) Term loan, interest based on the higher of 2.0 per cent or London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), plus a range of rates from 3.0 per cent to 8.0 per cent interest per annum, with final repayments between June 2009 and July 2010:
United States 1,763,000,904 41,678,034 1,364,366 1,803,314,572
Insurance claims paid during the year:
United States 271,920 5,378 277,298
Subtotal 2,666,586,699 67,444,812 200,616,448 2,533,415,063
Less: portion expensed due to concessionary terms
Total—Export trade 2,666,586,699 67,444,812 200,616,448 2,533,415,063

Immigration loans

Section 88 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act authorizes the making of loans for the purpose of the Act.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $110,000,000.

The terms and conditions of the loans, with their year-end balances, are as follows:

  1. repayable by monthly instalments over 1 to 6 years with a possible deferment of 2 years, bearing interest at rates from 0.76 per cent to 9.06 per cent per annum, for a total amount of $48,444,468 of which $15,018,159 is in arrears; and
  2. repayable by monthly instalments over 1 to 6 years with a possible deferment of 2 years, non-interest bearing, for a total past due amount of $4,109.

Council of Yukon First Nations—Elders

Loans have been made to the Council of Yukon First Nations to provide interim benefits to elderly Yukon Indians pending settlement of Yukon Indian land claims.

The terms and conditions of the loans are as follows:

  1. loans made before an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim is reached are non-interest bearing;
  2. loans made after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim has been reached, bear interest at a rate equal to the rate established by the Minister of Finance in respect of borrowings for equivalent terms by Crown corporations; and
  3. loans are due and payable, as to principal and interest, on the date on which the claim is settled or on a date fixed in the loan agreement or promissory note, whichever date is earlier.

All the loans outstanding at year end bear interest at a rate of 6.00 per cent per annum.

Farm Credit Canada Guarantee Loans Program

The Farm Credit Canada Guarantee Loans Program was discontinued as of November 14, 1989. The last active loan guarantee has expired and no future loan guarantees will be given under this program.

As of March 31, 2017, there is no outstanding defaulted loans. During 2016–2017, the outstanding balances of defaulted loans were written-off as they were previously deemed to be unrecoverable.

First Nations in British Columbia

Loans have been made to First Nations in British Columbia to support their participation in the British Columbia Treaty Commission process related to the research, development and negotiation of treaties.

During the year, loans were authorized by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Vote L20a, Appropriation Act No.2, 2016–2017.

The terms and conditions of the loans are as follows:

  1. loans made before an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a treaty is reached are non-interest bearing;
  2. loans made before April 1, 2004, and after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a treaty has been reached, bear interest at a rate equal to the rate established by the Minister of Finance in respect of borrowings for equivalent terms by Crown corporations;
  3. loans made between April 1, 2004, and March 31, 2017, and after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a treaty has been reached, shall be interest free, unless the loans become due and payable during this period; and
  4. loans are due and payable by the First Nations and will pay the loan on the earliest of the following dates:
    1. date on which the treaty is settled;
    2. twelfth anniversary of the first loan advance to the First Nations under the earliest First Nations' funding agreement;
    3. seventh anniversary after the signing of an agreement-in-principle; or
    4. date the federal minister demands payment of the loans due to an event of default under this agreement or under any First Nations' funding agreement.

The interest-bearing and non-interest bearing portions of the loans outstanding at year end are $22,421,639 and $514,483,934 respectively. Rates are from 0.66 per cent to 4.64 per cent per annum for the interest-bearing portion.

Indian Economic Development Fund

Loans have been made for the purposes of economic development of Indians to Indians or Indian bands, or to individuals, partnerships or corporations, the activities of which contribute or may contribute to such development.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $48,550,835, as last amended by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Vote 7b, Appropriation Act No. 4, 1996–97.

All outstanding loans bear interest at rates from 7.00 per cent to 11.25 per cent per annum.

Indian Economic Development Guarantee Loans Program

The Indian Economic Development Guarantee authority, established under Vote L53b, Appropriation Act No. 1, 1970, amended under P.C. 1977-3608, authorized the department to guarantee loans for Indian businesses on a risk-sharing basis with commercial lenders. The guarantee level is not to exceed at any time $60,000,000, less the total amount of payments made to implement previous guarantees under that authority.

Simple interest, usually based on a percentage plus the prime rate, will accrue on the debt after payout. All payments, including accrued interest, remain as a debt of the client until recovered in full.

Inuit Loan Fund

Loans have been made to individual Inuit or groups of Inuit to promote commercial activities and gainful occupations. Loans have also been made to co-operative associations, credit unions, caisses populaires or other credit societies incorporated under provincial laws, where the majority of members are Inuit, or to corporations incorporated under the laws of Canada, or provincial laws, where the controlling interest is held by Inuit.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $6,633,697, as last amended by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Vote 37b, Appropriation Act No. 4, 1995–96.

The remaining loan bears interest at a rate of 5.50 per cent per annum.

Native claimants

Loans have been made to native claimants to defray the costs related to the research, development and negotiation of claims.

During the year, loans were authorized by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Vote L15, Appropriation Act No. 2, 2016–2017.

The terms and conditions of the loans are as follows:

  1. loans made before an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim is reached are non-interest bearing;
  2. loans made after the date on which an agreement-in-principle for the settlement of a claim has been reached, bear interest at a rate equal to the rate established by the Minister of Finance in respect of borrowings for equivalent terms by Crown corporations; and
  3. loans are due and payable as to principal and interest on the date on which the claim is settled, or on a date fixed in the agreement.

The interest bearing and the non-interest bearing portions of the loans outstanding at year end are $53,379,381 and $407,846,603 respectively. Rates are from 0.69 per cent to 11.89 per cent per annum for the interest-bearing portion.

On Reserve Housing Guarantee Loans Program

On Reserve Housing guarantees provide needed support to Indian or Indian bands residing on reserves or Crown land. Reserves are, as such, non-mortgageable and the ministerial guarantee provides security to the lending institution in the event of a default by the client.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $2.2 billion, as last amended by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Vote 7b, Appropriation Act No. 4, 2008–2009.

If a loan made under the Minister's guarantee goes into default, the lender has recourse to the Minister for reimbursement. In 1987, a reserve for losses of $2 million per annum was established within the department's reference levels to cover all Guarantee Loan Programs administered by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Such payments remain a debt of the First Nation to the Crown and interest is accrued and capitalized on these debts at the contract interest rate applicable at the time the loan was assigned to the Minister. Recovery of the debt is made to the extent possible, from the security used as collateral, such as land claim funds, or through repayment agreements.

Stoney Band Perpetual Loan

In 1946, loans were made to Stoney Band of Alberta (Band) for land acquisition beyond their treaty entitlement.

A loan not exceeding $500,000 was made to purchase additional land. Under the terms of the agreement, as stated in Treasury Board Minutes, P.C. 2/1437 dated April 11, 1946, the Band assigned monies accruing to them, from the rental of their water resources, to provide interest payments at the rate of 3.00 per cent annually on the amount of the loan that had actually been expended. In the same agreement, the Band resolved that the Department allots $200,000 to the Pekisko Group, and $300,000 for the additions to Morley Reserve.

Manufacturing, processing and service industries in Canada

This account records loans made to persons engaged or about to engage or assist in manufacturing, processing or service industries in Canada in order to promote the establishment, improvement, growth, efficiency or international competitiveness of such industries or to assist them in their financial restructuring.

Loans are authorized by Industry Vote L20, Appropriation Act No. 2. During the year, no loans were issued.

There is one remaining loan which is interest free unless it goes into default, and otherwise is repayable at maturity on April 1, 2017. The payment was received March 31, 2017.

During the year, the account was closed.

Other business loans

This account records money owed to the Government by borrowers upon default of loans that are subject to statutory authorities, pursuant to the Small Business Loans Act and the Canada Small Business Financing Act. These authorities provide for the payment of claims or the sharing of loan losses between lenders and the Government.

Advances for the working capital fund of entrepreneurs' assistance centers

Advances have been made to support the working capital fund of entrepreneurs' assistance centers providing services to start-up companies, future entrepreneurs and small and medium-sized enterprises.

H.L. Holmes Fund

This account was established pursuant to paragraph 5(1)(f) of the National Research Council Act to record the residue of the estate of H.L. Holmes. Up to two thirds of the yearly net income from the fund shall be used to finance the H.L. Holmes Award on an annual basis. These awards will provide the opportunity to post-doctoral students to study at world famous graduate schools or research institutes under outstanding research persons.

Seized Property Working Capital Account

This account was established by Section 12 of the Seized Property Management Act. Expenses incurred, and advances made, to maintain and manage any seized or restrained property and other properties subject to a management order or forfeited to Her Majesty, are charged to this account. This account is credited when expenses and advances to third parties are repaid or recovered and when revenues from these properties or proceeds of their disposal are received and credited with seized cash upon forfeiture.

The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $50,000,000.

Any shortfall between the proceeds from the disposition of any property forfeited to Her Majesty and the amounts that were charged to this account and that are still outstanding, is charged to a Seized Property Proceeds Account and credited to this account.

Greater Victoria Harbour Authority

The Victoria Harbour loan receivable relates to the sale of a parcel of Victoria Harbour land. A discount of $271,039 is recorded to reflect the concessionary nature of the loan.

The loan bears interest at the rate of 4.9 per cent per annum, and is repayable over 15 years, with the final instalment on May 9, 2020.

St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation

This account was established by subsection 80(1) of the Canada Marine Act. Loans previously managed by the St. Lawrence Seaway Authority are now managed by the St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation in accordance with an agreement between the Department of Transport and the Corporation. The repayments of these loans are recorded in this account.

The loan bore interest at a rate of prime plus 2.0 per cent per annum. The final instalment of the existing terms was anticipated for March 2013. During the year 2014, a reclassification was done to transfer the accumulated interest to the capital portion.

As of March 31, 2017, the remaining amount of this loan is deemed unrecoverable and parliamentary authority is required to write-off the balance.

Federal Public Service Health Care Administration Authority

The Federal Public Service Health Care Plan Administration Authority (referred to as the Administration Authority) was incorporated, without share capital, under subsection 7.2(1) of the Financial Administration Act effective May 1, 2007. Effective May 31, 2007, the assets and liabilities of the Public Service Health Care Plan (PSHCP) were transferred to the Government of Canada and to the Administration Authority as directed by the President of the Treasury Board of Canada and consistent with the Trust Agreement, which terminated May 31, 2007.

The Administration Authority is charged with the administration of the PSHCP. Its objective is to ensure that benefits and services to plan members and their covered dependants, as defined in the PSHCP documentation, are delivered in a manner that ensures the effective and efficient administration of the PSHCP. Payments are made to the Administration Authority under Vote 20 and are authorized under the terms of reference of the funding agreement between the President of the Treasury Board and the Administration Authority. The funding agreement allows for the transfer of funds from the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat to the Administration Authority in four quarterly instalments upon approval of the operating budget by the Secretary of the Treasury Board of Canada. These quarterly instalments are made in advance and actual expenses are recorded upon approval of the Administration Authority's Quarterly Financial Report.

Joint Learning Program

Advances have been made to the Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) for the Joint Learning Program (JLP). Following the collective bargaining rounds of October 2004, 2008 and subsequently of 2010, a Memorandum of Understanding between the Treasury Board and PSAC was included in the collective bargaining agreements to provide funding for a JLP. The JLP is a negotiated partnership between PSAC and the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS).The objective of the JLP is to improve labour relations in the public service. It is intended to provide joint union-management learning opportunities in areas where both parties have roles and responsibilities, and for which the employer does not already have a legal obligation to provide training.

Payments are made to PSAC under Vote 20 and are authorized under the terms of reference of the Program. The terms of reference include the program costs, funding conditions, payment conditions, timelines, as well as a schedule of payments. The schedule of payments provides for a 3-month advance from TBS to PSAC to provide for program delivery costs. When actual expenses are reported every three months, the advance is reversed and the expenditure is recorded.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Advances have been made to the working capital fund of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, to maintain graves and cemeteries.

At year end, the balance of the advances was 30,000 GBP. This balance was converted to Canadian dollars, using the year-end rate of exchange. The advances are non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayments.

Veterans' Land Fund

Advances

Advances have been made, under Parts I and III of the Veterans' Land Act, for the acquisition of land, permanent improvements, removal of encumbrances, purchase of stock and equipment, and protection of security. The total amount authorized to be outstanding at any time is $605,000,000.

Allowance for conditional benefits

A provision equal to 1/10 of the benefits to veterans was established each year up to and including 1978–1979. Since that time, a forecast of requirements has been performed each year, and provisions are established as necessary. These provisions are charged to expenses and credited to the allowance for conditional benefits account. This account represents the accumulated net provisions for benefits to veterans in the form of forgiveness of loans authorized by the Veterans' Land Act. These benefits come into effect only after certain conditions are fulfilled by the veterans. At the end of 10 years, the conditions having been met, the accumulated provision is charged to the allowance for conditional benefits account, and credited to the veteran's loan account.

Miscellaneous loans, investments and advances

This account represents amounts outstanding in the hands of agencies and individuals, at year end. This group records loans, investments and advances not classified elsewhere.

Transition payments—Pay in arrears

During the 2014–2015 fiscal year, a one-time payment was issued to employees as a result of the implementation of pay in arrears. This amount will be recovered from the employees upon their departure from the public service. The amount at year-end represents the balance to be recovered in the future.

Consolidation adjustment

The consolidation adjustment reflects the total loans, investments and advances held by consolidated Crown corporations and other entities. These mainly include investments such as bonds, money market funds and fixed income securities.

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