PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)

Appendix B - Commissioning Glossary (CP.2)

Acceptance
The acceptance by the Owner/Investor of responsibility or ownership of the facility/service/product delivered under the Contract and which, in the opinion of the Owner/Investor, conforms to all terms and conditions of the Contract.
Adjusting
Regulation of the built works as necessary to meet required flow rates, modes of operation, and so on.
Amended Commissioning Plan
The Commissioning Plan as amended in the light of components, equipment, sub-systems, systems approved for installation, suppliers' delivery schedules, the contractor's construction and completion schedule, the user's occupancy schedule, and consideration of all other conditions pertaining to commissioning.
"As-built" drawings and specifications
Drawings prepared from the Project Record Drawings, and providing an accurate record of the project as built and operating. They may be supplemented by schematics and diagrammatic layouts. "As-built set point" drawings also include:
  1. amendments to show all measured and approved results of performance verification procedures, settings of all controls, systems and equipment as finally set upon completion of commissioning. It also includes project specifications amended by insertion of addenda, change notices, etc.
  2. flow diagrams and piping schematics as installed at each major item of equipment complete with valves controllers, etc. identified with numbered tags.
Average effectiveness level
The capability of all parts of the built works to meet specified requirements and to maintain this level of operation without interruption for a specified test period.
Balancing
The proportioning of flow rates within a distribution system to meet requirements.
Breakdown maintenance
The prompt correction of unpredicted or unpredictable breakdowns or failures and the making good and restoration to the original level of durability, reliability, efficiency and safety.
Building management manual (BMM)
The manual provided to the Propert Manager, considered as the project's "Owners Manual", which explains what systems, equipment and/or components were incorporated into the building, why they were selected, how the design and operating concepts of the sub-systems, systems and integrated systems are accomplished, and includes the design criteria, design intent, design philosophy, how the design meets the Client's functional and operational requirements, standard operating procedures (SOP) manual and operating and maintenance (O&M) manual. Refer to CP.3 for details.
Built works
Includes all static and dynamic systems and installations, all components, equipment, sub-systems, systems, integrated systems, controls constructed and installed as part of the project.
Certificate of completion
See General Conditions. There are two types: "Interim" and "Final".
Client
Usually, but not invariably, the Owner/Investor.
Commissioning (Cx)
A planned program of activities that advances the built works from the earliest Phase to a condition of full operation, meeting all objectives of commissioning as defined in the Commissioning Brief.
Commissioning activities
See "Commissioning Procedures".
Commissioning agency
See "Commissioning Agent".
Commissioning Agency
The person(s) or company qualified and approved to carry out commissioning activities and procedures. The Commissioning Agency may change, depending upon the equipment, system, integrated system being commissioned. It may be the installing contractor, a qualified Testing, Adjusting and Balancing (TAB) Agency, a special Commissioning Agency, etc. (except in cases where the TAB contractor is already under contract on the same project).
Commissioning agent
The General Contractor's delegated person with established reputation in commissioning to oversee all commissioning activities by all commissioning agencies and to be the single point of contact for the Designer, Engineer and PSPC Commissioning Manager in all matters relating to commissioning. Qualifications are described in "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)".
Commissioning authority
See "Commissioning Manager".
Commissioning Brief
The section of the Project Brief which defines the deliverables describes the objectives and scope of commissioning, defines commissioning requirements based upon a detailed study of the User's requirements, and establishes roles and responsibilities for commissioning activities.
Commissioning documentation
A complete set of data and information fully describing the project as a built, finished, functional and operational facility. It includes the "As-built" plans and specifications, working documents, systems design documents, all approved shop drawings and product data, inspection certificates, operating and maintenance manuals, and Building Management Manuals.
Commissioning Engineer
The Designer (Architect, Engineer or other professional producing the design solution meeting the User's requirements) responsible for observing, witnessing and certifying results of commissioning activities performed by the Commissioning Agency. See also "Designer".
Commissioning Manager
The person responsible for the management of all commissioning activities and for providing technical advice to the Project Manager regarding commissioning concerns. Refer to "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)". Depending on the size of the project, the Commissioning Manager may be assisted by a team of qualified representatives of the disciplines involved.
Commissioning manual
The overall document dealing with commissioning as carried out in PSPC. This manual consists of the "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)" and a number of "PSPC Commissioning Guidelines", all of which are listed in the Table of Contents of the "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)".
Commissioning Plan
The document which describes the organization, scheduling, allocation of resources, documentation, dates, roles and responsibilities for verification that the built works meet Contract Document requirements.
Commissioning procedures
Includes TAB, PV (Performance Verification) and all other activities described in the various Commissioning Procedures Manuals or specified in the Contract Documents.
Commissioning Procedures Manual
A document that describes all the procedures used during the Commissioning process.
Commissioning process
See "Commissioning".
Commissioning Report
A debriefing report on commissioning to evaluate the commissioning processes used during the project delivery cycle. This report is prepared by the Designer during, and finalized at the end of the Warranty Period and included in the Building Management Manual.
Commissioning Schedule
A schedule, cross referenced to the Construction Schedule, which highlights dates and times when key commissioning activities are to be implemented and completed and deliverables provided. This schedule is used to track the progress of the commissioning process throughout the project.
Commissioning Team
The Commissioning Team is usually represented by the Commissioning Manager during the NPMS Project Delivery Stage. For roles and responsibilities and team definition, refer to "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)".
Completion
The point at which all terms of the Contract have been fulfilled to the satisfaction of the Project Manager. See "General Conditions".
Components
Individual devices, forming part of equipment, sub-system or system.
Concept drawings
Drawings prepared by the Designer to show the design concept.
Conceptual design
See "Design Concept".
Construction schedule
The detailed schedule prepared by the Contractor which establishes the scope and approach to project construction operations and incorporating the Amended Commissioning Plan. See also "Commissioning Schedule".
Construction Team
The Construction Team is usually engaged following successful bidding on the project and being awarded the construction contract. This team completes its work at the end of NPMS Project Delivery Stage, Implementation Phase, when the management of the completed facility passes to the Property Management Team for operation. The services of the Construction Team may be required during the NPMS Project Delivery Stage, Delivery Close Out Phase if construction difficulties become apparent.
Consultant
See "Designer".
Contract documents
The Working Documents upon which the contract with the Contractor to deliver the project is based. Usually includes drawings and specifications.
Contractor
Includes sub-contractors, manufacturers, suppliers, vendors, fabricators and sub-trades.
De-commissioning
Facilities which are taken out of service, mothballed, shut down or otherwise made non-operative.
Defect
Any variation in form, fit or function from the Design Intent, Design Criteria or Contract Documents.
Demonstrations
Operation of the built works in the presence of the Project Manager, Commissioning Manager, Client/Investor and/or User to confirm installation and operation in conformity to Commissioning Documentation.
Design-Builder
See both "Designer" and "Construction Team".
Design concept
The design solution as developed by the Designer and meeting all requirements of the Project Brief. It is the result of analysis of the problem or opportunity, and investigation of the various options. For detailed description of contents, refer to the "Project Management Manual. (CP.1)".
Design criteria
All those factors included in the design of a facility prescribed by the Project Brief or determined by the Designer as necessary in order to meet all requirements of the Owner/Investor.
Designer
The Architect, Engineer or other professional producing the design solution meeting the User's requirements. In the context of the Project Brief, the term used is "Consultant".
Design intent
The methodology employed by the Designer which is intended to meet the Design Criteria.
Design Team
The Design Team is usually assembled at the end of NPMS project delivery stage, planning phase and continues to work as a team until the end of NPMS project delivery stage, implementation phase. The services of the Design Team may be required during NPMS project delivery stage, close-out phase, in the event of design difficulties.
Durability
The average expected service life before failure, based upon the manufacturer's estimate of the hours of operation and also based upon a specific preventive maintenance program.
EMCS
Acronym for Energy Monitoring and Control System. A computerized system with field devices located on building system components to permit monitoring and control of a component, system or integrated system through a central command post or a designated remote station location.
Environment
The output of all related integrated systems. Conditions established within the environment affect, or are affected by, the set points of the components, which in turn adjust, or are adjusted by, the output of the sub-systems, systems and integrated systems.
EPVT
Acronym for Equipment Performance Verification Tests.
Equipment
Devices, components, etc. forming part of a sub-system or system.
Evaluation Report
This report provides an assessment of the project for compliance with the User's functional and operational requirements as describes in the Investment Analysis Report (IAR) and the Project Brief. This report is prepared by the Project Manager with input from the Designer and submitted to the Project Leader after the termination of the Warranty Period and at the end of the Operation Phase.
Extended warranty
A warranty made relating to certain specific items of equipment which is of greater duration than the Warranty Period stipulated in the Contract.
Extent of commissioning
The degree to which components, equipment, sub-systems, systems and integrated systems are commissioned, based upon studies of the User's requirements, effects of such omissions on operating efficiencies, security, health, welfare, comfort, safety, professional and regulatory obligations and liabilities.
Facility
See "Project".
Facility Management Team
See "Property Management Team".
Facility Manager
Usually called the Property Manager in PSPC. The person responsible for operation and maintenance of the completed facility.
Fine tuning
The additional adjustments made after commissioning so as to optimize performance and to maximize the benefits of a system, sub-system and equipment.
Function
Includes all modes and sequences of control operation, interlocks and conditional control responses, all specified responses to emergency conditions, etc.
Functional performance testing
See "Performance Verification".
General conditions
See PSPC front-end contract documents.
Implementation phase
A distinct phase within the NPMS Project Delivery Stage during which the built works are checked for static completion, started, tested, adjusted and balanced, operational and functional performance is verified, documentation is verified for completeness, all training is carried out, all facility management plans implemented. At the end of the Project Delivery Stage, the facility is handed over to the Owner/Investor and User.
Inspection certificates
Certificates signed and certified by the authority having jurisdiction which apply to installation, performance verification, commissioning or operation of special systems or equipment.
Installation/start-up Check Lists
A compilation of items that should be examined during pre-start-up inspections. It includes all items specified in the Contract Documents, and items not so specified but considered as essential to good installation engineering practice or necessary for proper operation of the facility.
Integrated systems
Multiple systems driven by the operating parameters of the architectural, structural, mechanical and electrical systems and operating as a coordinated and integrated entity in order to satisfy User's requirements.
Interim commissioning
That portion of commissioning that verifies that the built works are in satisfactory operating condition for initial occupancy.
Life cycle costs
Include capital construction costs, labour, materials, costs of utility connections, utilities such as potable water, thermal energy (heating and cooling), electrical costs, costs of maintenance, repairs and servicing, to operate and maintain the system (or the facility). Depending upon the context, Life Cycle Cost (LCC) may be calculated per annum or over the service life of the facility.
Maintainability
A measure of the time required to fully restore the works to perform their intended function after failure with specified procedures and resources. Maintainability of that characteristic of the works which indicates the ease and rapidity with which it can be restored to a specific level of performance.
Maintenance management system (MMS)
A code base system, which is sub divided into a series of numbers/ codes for building devices, components for each base building system such as mechanical (heating/cooling), fire protection, electrical, emergency power systems, fire alarm system. The data base is totally inputted into a computer to permit the effective and timely maintenance / replacement of the building installations, and is used for estimating the life cycle planning.
National Project Management System
The basic framework within which all PSPC projects are developed, implemented and delivered.
Non-acceptance
The refusal to accept the responsibility/ownership of the facility/service/product delivered under the Contract which, in the opinion of the Owner/Investor, does not conform to the terms or conditions of the Contract.
Operating and maintenance budget
See "Life Cycle Costs".
Operating manual
A project-specific manual prepared by the Designer using schematic and diagrammatic layout drawings to fully describe each system, all Design Criteria, Design Intents, its operation (using narrative-type sequence of operation). During the design phase, it is "generic" in the sense that it generally contains no reference to manufacturer's equipment. During construction and commissioning, it is amended to contain all "As-built" information and forms the Operating Manual for the facility.
Operation
The normal day-to-day manipulation of the works as designed in order to fulfill the intent of the design.
Operating and maintenance (O&M) manuals
An organized compilation of all documentation relating to the facility as a built, finished, functional and operational entity. It consists of two separate manuals – the Operating Manual and the Maintenance Manual.
Performance verification (PV)
The checks and tests carried out to determine if the built works function in accordance with the Design Intent.
Performance verification report
Record of all measured data resulting from testing, adjusting, balancing and performance verification for the built works. It includes all product information. See also "Product Information".
Post-occupancy commissioning
Commissioning activities carried out after full occupancy and under normal operating conditions, and may include system optimization, commissioning of seasonal-, occupancy- and weather-sensitive systems.
Preliminary design
The development of the Design Concept in more detail and establishment of technical, operational, cost and scheduling requirements in sufficient detail to ensure that subsequent development of Working Documents continue to meet requirements of the Project Brief.
Preventive maintenance
Pre-planned activities designed to ensure the continuance of durability, reliability, operation at peak efficiency, safety of the works, minimize down-time and to prevent unplanned, unscheduled or unpredictable failures by doing work at scheduled intervals. Preventive maintenance includes servicing and corrective maintenance functions. Preventive maintenance anticipates wear and tear during operation, takes corrective actions so as to minimize deterioration.
Product data
Manufacturers' product data sheets provided by the Contractor for factory-fabricated components, equipment, systems, etc., specified in the Working Documents and required for the project. These are approved before purchase by the Contractor. See also "Shop Drawings".
Product information (PI)
A compilation of data gathered from all components and equipment installed on the project, including manufacturer's nameplate data and all other information that is necessary for full and complete commissioning documentation. Product information forms part of the Performance Verification Reports.
Project
A package of activities specifically dedicated to fulfilling a program requirement within a prescribed time period, having defined objectives (including scope, performance, quality, cost).
Project Brief
The document which defines all requirements of the project and services to be provided. It includes general project information, scope of the work, time plan, design data and the Commissioning Brief. It contains design instructions to the Design Team and Commissioning Team and is the basis for Consultant's Agreements. Refer also to "Request for Proposal (RFP)".
Project Leader
The person representing the Owner/Investor and accountable for the overall project development.
Project Manager
The person responsible for the implementation of a project, including management, administration and coordination of activities.
Project record drawings
The Contract Documents amended by the Contractor on site to show the actual location of all features and materials and all other deviations from those called for in the Contract Documents as made during construction. These amendments are made as the work progresses.
Property Management Team
The Property Management Team receives the facility at time of commissioning and operates it throughout its useful life. The team consists of the Facility Manager, Building Operations Manager, in-house maintenance staff, and service contractors. Members of the Design Team, Commissioning Team and Construction Team may also be included.
PV
See "Performance Verification".
PSPC Commissioning Manager
The person responsible for the management of all commissioning activities and for providing technical advice to the Project Manager regarding commissioning concerns. Qualifications are described in the "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)". Depending on the size of the project, the Commissioning Manager may be assisted by a team of qualified representatives of the disciplines involved. The Commissioning Manager represents the Owner / Investor for all PSPC projects.
PSPC Commissioning Manual
The document which describes commissioning as carried out in PSPC.
PSPC Design Quality Review Team
For definitions, roles and responsibilities, refer to "PSPC Commissioning Manual (CP.1)".
QA
Acronym for Quality Assurance.
Quality assurance
The process by which the Project Manager ensures that the Designer meets all defined objectives. It includes review of the calibre of Designer and installers, adequacy of quality control by the Contractor.
Quality control
The process by which the Project Manager verifies that all levels of quality described in the Project Brief, set out in the Working Documents and installed in the built works, are attained. It includes a process of review and monitoring through all stages of the project, corrective action where appropriate and documentation in the Commissioning Documentation.
Quality management
The process adopted by which the quality of the product delivered is controlled. It includes quality assurance and quality control, reviews for conformity to applicable codes, standards, regulations, generally accepted professional standards and principles.
Re-commissioning
Commissioning activities carried out on an existing system. These systems may, for example, have been changed by additions or deletions, repeated adjustments in settings or operating parameters, etc.
Redundancy
The replacement equipment immediately available for operation in the event of the failure of the equipment presently on-line.
Redundancy factor
The ratio of the excess number of units installed to the number of units required to meet design demand.
Reliability
The length of time that the system will perform its intended function before failure under stated conditions of application and use and with a specific preventive maintenance program. It is the failure rate per unit of time. There are two types of reliability:
  1. Inherent reliability: that which is built into the design (i.e. the reliability which would be possible if each and every component performed throughout its life precisely as the designer planned).
  2. Achieved reliability: that which is actually experienced. It varies with the manufacturing processes, shipping, storage, application, installation and operator's capabilities.
Repair
Making good restoration to full operating condition without necessarily restoration to original level of durability, reliability, efficiency or safety. See also "Maintenance".
Request for Proposal (RFP)
A statement, addressed to interested Designers, of needs defining those elements, services and systems that must be provided and the products that must be delivered in order that the facility will meet the User's program needs. Based upon a detailed study of the User's requirements. Refer also to "Project Brief".
Servicing
The routine work required to be performed by virtue of owning the facility. The work to be performed to keep the facility in optimum condition and operating safely and at peak efficiency at all times.
Shop drawings
Drawings prepared by the Contractor illustrating in detail their interpretation of the requirements of the Contract Documents for shop or on-site fabrication of various components, equipment, etc. required for the project. These are approved before construction or installation. See also "Product Data".
Start-up Check Lists
See "Installation/Start-up Check Lists".
Substantial completion
For a definition, refer to "General Conditions".
Sub-systems
Components and equipment operating (with distribution network if required) in an integrated manner.
Systems
Consist of multiple sub-systems operating in conjunction with one another to provide an operational entity.
TAB
Acronym for testing, adjusting and balancing.
Testing
Includes pressure, leakage, flow rate and performance verification.
User
The end user of the product of the project or the occupant of the facility. It may include the Client.
Verification
The process by which reported results of TAB, PV and commissioning are checked for completeness, accuracy and validity.
Warranty
The promise made by the Contractor to rectify and make good any defect or fault that appears in the work or that comes to the attention of the Minister within the period stipulated in the Contract commencing normally on the date of the Interim Certificate of Completion.
Warranty inspections
Refer to "General Conditions of the Contract Documents".
Working documents
The drawings and specifications developed by the Designer showing the approved design and describing all quality control and quality assurance requirements for the project in sufficient detail for the Contractor to deliver the project.

End of Appendix B

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