Employment in the Federal Public Service
The following information is intended to provide you, the Employer, with an understanding of the different types of employment in the public service.
You may want to know…
- Employment Defined
- Employment in the public service
- Types of Employment
- Types of Appointments
Employment in the federal public service must be with a department or branch that forms part of the public service. It also includes employment in any of the boards, commissions or agencies that form part of the public service for pension purposes.
Employment in the public service
Prior to July 4, 1994, the effective date of becoming employed in the public service (for pension purposes) was the first day in which the employee received remuneration as a full-time employee. An employee was considered to be full-time when the assigned work week (AWW) was equal to 30 or more hours per week.
Effective July 4, 1994, the effective date of becoming employed in the public service (for pension purposes) is the earlier of:
- a. the first day in which the employee received remuneration as a full-time employee,
- b. where the individual's first employment in the public service was as a part-time employee, the later of:
- January 1, 1981, and
- The first day which the employee received remuneration as a part-time employee.
As of July 4, 1994, part-time (AWW > 12 hours per week) employment is considered employment in the public service, retroactive to January 1, 1981.
Types of Employment
A person can be employed in the public service on a full-time, part-time, seasonal, term or casual basis.
Full-time Employment Prior to July 4, 1994
Effective March 1, 1972:
- Employment requiring continuous service in a position where the employee is normally required to work an average of at least 30 hours per week.
- Employment which consists of duties relating to two or more positions, each of which is less than 30 hours a week, but where the total hours of employment in all positions is at least 30 hours per week.
Effective March 1, 1972, an assigned work week (number of hours assigned to work) of 30 hours or more per week was considered full-time employment for pension purposes.
Full-time Employment on or After July 4, 1994
Part-time Employment Prior to July 4, 1994
When an employee was required to work an average of less than 30 hours per week, they were part-time employees and were not considered to be employed in the public service for pension purposes.
Part-time Employment on or After July 4, 1994
- Employment in a position where the employee is required to work an average of at least 12 hours per week but who does not work the standard (scheduled) full-time hours of the position (i.e. 12 AWW/37.5 SWW).
Exception: See example in "Full-time employment on or after July 4, 1994"
- Employment which consists of an employee occupying two or more part-time positions where, the sum of the results obtained by dividing the number of hours the employee is assigned to work (Assigned Work Week-AWW) by the normal hours of work for the full-time position (Standard Work Week-SWW), is less than 1.
1st position: AWW 12.00. SWW 36.25
2nd position: AWW 15.00, SWW 37.50
12.00/36.25 = 0.3
15.00/37.50 = 0.4
0.3 + 0.4 = 0.7
The employee would be considered to be a part-time employee.
Types of Appointments
An employee who is appointed on a continuous basis. There is no preset end date to the appointment. The employee hired on an indeterminate basis is normally assigned to work a set number of hours per week, established at the time of hiring.
An employee who is appointed for a limited or definite period of time. The two most common term appointments that we must consider in establishing eligibility are a term of more than six months and a term of six months or less.
Students are allowed to contribute if they meet the basic eligibility criteria to contribute to the public service pension plan. The eligibility to contribute rules applies to students the same way they do for other employees.
An employee who is either appointed, at a stated annual salary, to perform duties for a period of less than 12 months in successive years of employment, or is certified as such in accordance with the Public Service Employment Act. The seasonal employee normally works the same season every year. For example, a person could be appointed for a 6 month period which extends from May 1 to October 30, be on lay-off status from November 1 to April 30 and start working a new season in May the following year and so on.
Seasonal layoff is the status of a seasonal employee during the "off season" when the seasonal employee neither performs the duties of his position nor receives a salary.
An employee who is hired as a casual worker and whose period of employment in the public service may not exceed 90 working days in one calendar year with any particular department or other organization. Employees who are offered a part-time casual position of 12 hours or more per week, for a period of more than six months, must contribute under the pension plan from the date of their appointment.
As Required/On Call Appointment
An employee who is hired to work on an "as required" or "on call" basis (i.e., only when needed there is no pre-established Assigned Work Week). An employee hired on this basis is not considered to be employed in the public service for pension purposes.
- Date modified: